Comparison of space station cargo vehicles

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A number of different spacecraft have been used to carry cargo to and from space stations.

     Under development;      Operational or inactive;      Retired or canceled;

Spacecraft Origin Manufacturer Launch system Length (m) Dry mass (kg) Launch mass (kg) Payload (kg) Payload volume (m3) Return payload (kg) Diameter (m) Generated power (W) Automated docking Status (no. of flights)
Progress 7K-TG  Soviet Union Energia Soyuz-U None No Retired (43)
Progress-M
11F615A55
 Soviet Union
 Russia
Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-U2
7.2 7,130 2,600 7.6 150, with optional Raduga capsule 2.72 600[1] Yes Retired (66)
Progress-M1
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-FG
None Yes Retired (11)
Progress-M
11F615A60
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 7.6 None 2.72 700 Yes Retired (27 + 2 failed)
Progress-MS  Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 None Yes Operational[2]
Soyuz GVK  Russia Energia Soyuz-2.1b 7.23 8,020 1,966 500 2.72 Yes Development[3]
TKS  Soviet Union TsKBM Proton-K 17.51 13,688 21,620 12,600 4.15 2,400 No Retired (4)
ATV  Europe EADS Ariane 5ES 10.3 10,470[4] 20,750[4] 7,667[4] 48, pressurized None 4.5 3,800[5] Yes Retired (5)
HTV  Japan JAXA H-IIB 10 10,500[6] 16,500[6] 3,000, pressurized; 1,000, unpressurized[6] 14, pressurized; 16, unpressurized[6] 20, with optional HSRC[7] 4.4 200 No Operational
HTV-X  Japan JAXA H3 Launch Vehicle[8] 10 with cargo module, 6.2 without 8,300 15,500, combined[9] 4,069, pressurized; optional 1,750, unpressurized 78, combined 4.4 1,000 No, technology trial of an automated IDSS docking port fitted in place of unpressurised cargo module being planned Development
Dragon  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 6.1 4,200[10] 10,200 3,310, in any combination of pressurized or unpressurized[11] 10.0, pressurized; 14, unpressurized; 34, unpressurized with extended trunk[12] 2,500, capsule return[13] 3.7 2,000[14] No Operational
Dragon 2 cargo  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 8.1 6,400 3,310 10.0, pressurized; 14, unpressurized 2,500 3.7 Yes Operational
Cygnus (standard)  USA Orbital Antares 1x0 5.14 1,500[15] 2,000[15] 18.9[15] None 3.07 3,500[16] No Retired (3 + 1 failed)
Cygnus (enhanced)  USA Northrop Grumman Antares 230
Atlas V 401
6.34 1,800[17] 3,500[17] 27[17] None 3.07 No Operational
Tianzhou  China CAST Long March 7 9 13,500 6,500, incl. 2,000 propellant None 3.35 Yes Operational
Dream Chaser Cargo System  USA Sierra Nevada Corporation Atlas V
Vulcan[18]
5,000, pressurized; 500, unpressurized[19] 1,750[19] Yes Development
Starship cargo  USA SpaceX Super Heavy 50[20] 120,000 (target)[21] 1,320,000[22] 150,000 (target)[23] 9[20] Unknown Development
Unmanned resupply spacecraft comparison.png

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Progress M". Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  2. ^ "Upgraded Progress MS docks with the ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  3. ^ "Retrievable Soyuz GVK spacecraft". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "ESA Automated Transfer Vehicle". ESA. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  5. ^ "ATV Utilization Relevant Data" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d "JAXA transition examination of the new space station supply machine (HTV-X)" (PDF). JAXA. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  7. ^ "HTV 搭載小型回収カプセルの開発" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  8. ^ "H3,H‐IIA/Bのミッション割当て(案)" (PDF) (in Japanese). MEXT. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
  9. ^ http://www.jaxa.jp/press/2017/12/files/20171206_HTV-X.pdf
  10. ^ "SpaceX Brochure v7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  11. ^ Bergin, Chris (19 October 2012). "Dragon enjoying ISS stay, despite minor issues – Falcon 9 investigation begins". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 21 October 2012. CRS-2 will debut the use of Dragon’s Trunk section, capable of delivering unpressurized cargo, prior to the payload being removed by the ISS’ robotic assets after berthing.
  12. ^ http://www.spacex.com/sites/spacex/files/pdf/DragonLabFactSheet.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2012/10/falcon-9loft-dragon-crs-1-mission-iss-attempt1/
  14. ^ "Dragonlab Datasheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  15. ^ a b c "Cygnus Fast Sheet" (PDF). Orbital Sciences Co. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  16. ^ "The Annual Compendium of Commercial Space Transportation: 2012" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  17. ^ a b c "Cygnus Spacecraft Information". Spaceflight101.
  18. ^ "NSRC Day 2 Summary". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Sierra Nevada Hopes Dream Chaser Finds "Sweet Spot" of ISS Cargo Competition". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  20. ^ a b "Starship". SpaceX. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  21. ^ Elon Musk (28 September 2019). Starship Update (video). SpaceX. Event occurs at 1:45. Retrieved 30 September 2019 – via YouTube.
  22. ^ Elon Musk on Twitter: 3 sea level optimized Raptors, 3 vacuum optimized Raptors (big nozzle)
  23. ^ Elon Musk on Twitter: 150mT for reference payload compared to other rockets.