Comparison of space station cargo vehicles

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A number of different spacecraft have been used to carry cargo to and from space stations.

Legend for below table:   [under development] — [retired,canceled] — [operational,inactive]

Spacecraft Origin Manufacturer Launch system Length (m) Dry mass (kg) Launch mass (kg) Payload (kg) Payload volume (m³) Return payload (kg) Diameter (m) Generated power (W) Automated Docking Status
Progress 7K-TG  Soviet Union Energia Soyuz-U None No Retired
Progress-M
11F615A55
 Soviet Union
 Russia
Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-U2
7.2 7,130 2,600 7.6 150 with optional Raduga capsule 2.72 600[1] Yes Retired
Progress-M1
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-FG
None Yes Retired
Progress-M
11F615A60
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 7.6 None 2.72 700 Yes Retired
Progress-MS  Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 Yes Operational[2]
TKS  Soviet Union TsKBM Proton-K 17.51 13,688 21,620 12,600 4.15 2,400 No Retired
ATV  Europe EADS Ariane 5ES 10.3 10,470[3] 20,750[3] 7,667[3] 48 (pressurized) None 4.5 3,800[4] Yes Retired
HTV  Japan JAXA H-IIB 10 10,500[5] 16,500[5] 3,000 pressurized, 1,000 unpressurized[5] 14 (pressurized), plus 16 (unpressurized)[5] 20 with optional capsule[6] 4.4 200 No Operational
HTV-X  Japan JAXA H3 Launch Vehicle[7] 10 with cargo module, 6.2 without 8,300 15,500 total[8] 4,069 pressurized, optional 1,750 unpressurized 78 total 4.4 1,000 No, Technology trial of an automated IDSS docking port fitted in place of unpressurised cargo module being planned Development
Dragon  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 6.1 4,200[9] 10,200 3,310 pressurized or unpressurized, in any mixture[10] 10.0 (pressurized), plus 14 (unpressurized), or 34 (unpressurized with extended trunk)[11] 2,500 capsule return[12] 3.7 2,000[13] No Operational
Dragon 2 cargo  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 8.1 6,400 3,310 10.0 (pressurized), plus 14 (unpressurized) 2,500 3.7 Yes Development
Cygnus (standard)  USA Orbital Antares 1x0 5.14 1,500[14] 2,000[14] 18.9[14] None 3.07 3,500[15] No Retired
Cygnus (enhanced)  USA Orbital ATK Antares 230
Atlas V 401
6.34 1,800[16] 3,500[16] 27[16] None 3.07 No Operational
Tianzhou  China CAST Long March 7 9 13,500 6,500 includes 2,000 propellant 3.35 Yes Operational
Dream Chaser Cargo System  USA Sierra Nevada Corporation Atlas V
Vulcan[17]
5,000 pressurized, 500 unpressurized[18] 1,750[18] Yes Development
Unmanned resupply spacecraft comparison.png

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Progress M". Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Upgraded Progress MS docks with the ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "ESA Automated Transfer Vehicle". ESA. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "ATV Utilization Relevant Data" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d "JAXA transition examination of the new space station supply machine (HTV-X)" (PDF). JAXA. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  6. ^ "HTV 搭載小型回収カプセルの開発" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 2016-10-21. 
  7. ^ "H3,H‐IIA/Bのミッション割当て(案)" (PDF) (in Japanese). MEXT. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-10. 
  8. ^ http://www.jaxa.jp/press/2017/12/files/20171206_HTV-X.pdf
  9. ^ "SpaceX Brochure v7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  10. ^ Bergin, Chris (19 October 2012). "Dragon enjoying ISS stay, despite minor issues – Falcon 9 investigation begins". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 21 October 2012. CRS-2 will debut the use of Dragon’s Trunk section, capable of delivering unpressurized cargo, prior to the payload being removed by the ISS’ robotic assets after berthing. 
  11. ^ http://www.spacex.com/sites/spacex/files/pdf/DragonLabFactSheet.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2012/10/falcon-9loft-dragon-crs-1-mission-iss-attempt1/
  13. ^ "Dragonlab Datasheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c "Cygnus Fast Sheet" (PDF). Orbital Sciences Co. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "The Annual Compendium of Commercial Space Transportation: 2012" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "Cygnus Spacecraft Information". Spaceflight101. 
  17. ^ "NSRC Day 2 Summary". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 6 June 2016. 
  18. ^ a b "Sierra Nevada Hopes Dream Chaser Finds "Sweet Spot" of ISS Cargo Competition". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 February 2016.