H-IIB

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H-IIB[1]
H-IIB F2 launching HTV2.jpg
Liftoff of H-IIB Flight 2
FunctionMedium-lift launch vehicle
ManufacturerMitsubishi Heavy Industries
Country of originJapan
Cost per launchUS$112.5 million[1]
Size
Height56.6 m (186 ft)
Diameter5.2 m (17 ft)
Mass531,000 kg (1,171,000 lb)
Stages2
Capacity
Payload to LEO16,500 kg (36,400 lb)[2]
Payload to GTO8,000 kg (18,000 lb)[2]
Associated rockets
FamilyH-II
DerivativesH3
Comparable
Launch history
StatusActive
Launch sitesTanegashima LA-Y2
Total launches7
Successes7
First flight10 September 2009
Last flight22 September 2018
Notable payloadsH-II Transfer Vehicle
Boosters – SRB-A3
No. boosters4
Length15 m (49 ft)
Diameter2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Gross mass76,500 kg (168,700 lb) each
Propellant mass66,000 kg (146,000 lb) each
Thrust2,305 kN (518,000 lbf)
Total thrust9,220 kN (2,070,000 lbf)
Specific impulse283.6 seconds (2.781 km/s)
Burn time114 seconds
FuelHTPB
First stage
Length38 m (125 ft)
Diameter5.2 m (17 ft)
Gross mass202,000 kg (445,000 lb)
Propellant mass177,800 kg (392,000 lb)
Engines2 LE-7A
Thrust2,196 kN (494,000 lbf) (vacuum)
Specific impulse440 seconds (4.3 km/s) (vacuum)
Burn time352 seconds
FuelLOX / LH2
Second stage
Length11 m (36 ft)
Diameter4.0 m (13.1 ft)
Gross mass20,000 kg (44,000 lb)
Propellant mass16,600 kg (36,600 lb)
Engines1 LE-5B
Thrust137 kN (31,000 lbf) (vacuum)
Specific impulse448 seconds (4.39 km/s) (vacuum)
Burn time499 seconds
FuelLOX / LH2

H-IIB (H2B) is an expendable launch system used to launch H-II Transfer Vehicles (HTV, or Kounotori) towards the International Space Station. H-IIB rockets are liquid-fuelled with solid-fuel strap-on boosters and are launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. Mitsubishi and JAXA have been primarily responsible for design, manufacture, and operation of H-IIB. H-IIB made its first flight in 2009, and had made a total of seven flights through 2018.

H-IIB is able to carry a payload of up to 8,000 kilograms (18,000 lb) to GTO,[2] compared with the payload of 4,000-6,000 kg for the H-IIA, a predecessor design. Its performance to LEO is sufficient for the 16,500-kilogram (36,400 lb) HTV.[2] The first H-IIB was launched in September 2009.[2]

Development[edit]

H-II series

The H-IIB launch vehicle is a launch vehicle developed jointly by JAXA and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to launch the H-II Transfer Vehicle. The H-IIB was designed to adopt methods and components that have already been verified by flights on the H-IIA, so that manufacturing the new launch vehicle would be more cost-effective, with less risk, in a shorter period of time. JAXA was in charge of preliminary design, readiness of the ground facility, and the development of new technologies for the H-IIB, in which the private sector has limited competencies, while the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is responsible for manufacturing. JAXA successfully conducted eight firing tests of the new cluster design with the simulated first-stage propulsion system, called Battleship Firing Tests, since March 2008, at MHI's Tashiro Test Facility in Odate, Akita Prefecture.[3]

Before launch, two Captive Firing Tests were conducted on the H-IIB. The first test, which consisted of firing the first stage for ten seconds, was originally scheduled to occur at 02:30 GMT on 27 March 2009, however it was cancelled after the launch pad's coolant system failed to activate.[4] This was later discovered to have been due to a manual supply valve not being open.[5] The test was rescheduled for 1 April, but then postponed again due to a leak in a pipe associated with the launch facility's fire suppression system.[6] The test was rescheduled for 2 April,[7] when it was successfully conducted at 05:00 GMT.[8] Following this, the second test, which involved a 150-second burn of the first stage, was scheduled for 20 April.[9] This was successfully conducted at 04:00 GMT on 22 April,[10] following a two-day delay due to unfavourable weather conditions.[11] A ground test, using a battleship mockup of the rocket was subsequently conducted on 11 July.[12]

By 2009, the development program of the H-IIB had cost approximately 27 billion yen.[13][clarification needed]

Vehicle description[edit]

The H-IIB launch vehicle is a two-stage rocket. The first stage uses liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as propellants and has four strap-on solid rocket boosters (SRB-A3) powered by polybutadiene. The first stage is powered by two LE-7A engines, instead of one for the H-IIA. It has four SRB-As attached to the body, while the standard version of H-IIA has two SRB-As. In addition, the first-stage body of the H-IIB is 5.2m in diameter compared with 4m for the H-IIA. The total length of the first stage is extended by 1m from that of H-IIA. As a result, the H-IIB first stage holds 70% more propellant than that of the H-IIA. The second stage is powered by a single LE-5B engine.[14]

Launch history[edit]

The first launch of the H-IIB occurred on 10 September 2009 at 1701 UTC. It successfully launched the HTV-1, which was on a mission to resupply the International Space Station (ISS).[15]

Flight # Variant Date of Launch (UTC) Launch Location Payload Result Remarks
TF1 H-IIB 10 September 2009
17:01:46
LA-Y2, Tanegashima Japan HTV-1 Success First flight of H-IIB
F2 H-IIB 22 January 2011
05:37:57
LA-Y2, Tanegashima Japan HTV-2 Success
F3 H-IIB 21 July 2012
02:06:18
LA-Y2, Tanegashima Japan HTV-3
Japan Raiko*1
Japan We Wish*1
Japan Niwaka*1
United States TechEdSat*1
Vietnam F-1*1
Success *1CubeSats carried aboard HTV, on 4 October 2012 deployed from the ISS
F4 H-IIB 3 August 2013
19:48:46
LA-Y2, Tanegashima Japan HTV-4
Japan Vietnam Pico Dragon*2
United States ArduSat-1*2
United States ArduSat-X*2
United States TechEdSat-3p*2
Success *2CubeSats carried aboard HTV for deployment from the ISS
F5 H-IIB 19 August 2015
11:50:49
LA-Y2, Tanegashima Japan HTV-5
Brazil SERPENS*3
Japan S-CUBE*3
United States Flock-2b x 14*3
Denmark GOMX-3*3
Denmark AAUSAT5*3
Success *3CubeSats carried aboard HTV for deployment from the ISS
F6 H-IIB 9 December 2016
13:26:47
LA-Y2, Tanegashima Japan HTV-6
Japan AOBA-Velox III*4
Italy Brazil United States TuPOD*4
Japan EGG*4
Japan ITF-2*4
Japan STARS-C*4
Japan FREEDOM*4
Japan WASEDA-SAT3*4
United States OSNSAT*4
Brazil Tancredo-1*4
United States TechEdSat-5*4
United States 4 × Lemur-2*4
Success *4CubeSats carried aboard HTV for deployment from the ISS
F7 H-IIB 22 September 2018
17:52:27
LA-Y2, Tanegashima Japan HTV-7
Japan SPATIUM-I*5
Japan RSP-00*5
Japan STARS-Me*5
Success *5 CubeSats carried aboard HTV for deployment from the ISS

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "JAXA | H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  2. ^ a b c d e Krebs, Gunter. "H-2B". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  3. ^ "A new stage in Japanese space transportation". Tomihisa Nakamura. JAXA. 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
  4. ^ "Postponement of the First Captive Firing Test (CFT) of the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-03-27. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  5. ^ "The First Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  6. ^ "Suspension of the First Captive Firing Test (CFT) of the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  7. ^ "The First Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  8. ^ "Result of the First Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank of the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-02. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  9. ^ "The Second Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  10. ^ "Result of the Second Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank of the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  11. ^ "Postponement of the Second Captive Firing Test (CFT) of the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-19. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  12. ^ "Results of the H-IIB Launch Vehicle Ground Test Vehicle (GTV) Test". JAXA. 2009-07-11. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  13. ^ JAXA、H-IIBロケットの地上総合試験(GTV)について説明, Robot Watch, 2009-7-10
  14. ^ "H-IIB" (PDF). H-IIB Launch Vehicle. Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency. 2009-07-15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
  15. ^ "Japan's space freighter in orbit". Jonathan Amos. BBC. 2009-08-10. Retrieved 2009-09-10.

External links[edit]