Corvina

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Corvina
Grape (Vitis)
Corvina bunches in august valpolicella region.jpg
Corvina grape bunches ripening at a Valpolicella vineyard, Italy.
Color of berry skin Black
Species Vitis vinifera
Also called Corvina Veronese, Cruina
Origin Veneto region of Italy
Notable regions Valpolicella, Bardolino
Notable wines Valpolicella DOC (Rosso and Superiore; includes Classico and Valpantena subzones), Recioto della Valpolicella DOCG, Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG, Valpolicella Ripasso DOC, Bardolino DOC, Bardolino Superiore DOCG
Ideal soil Chalky clay
VIVC number 2863
Wine characteristics
General high acidity, light-medium body, black plums, sour cherry

Corvina is an Italian wine grape variety that is sometimes also referred to as Corvina Veronese or Cruina. The total global wine-growing area in 2010 was 7,495 hectares (18,520 acres), all of which is grown in the Veneto region of northeast Italy, except for 19 hectares (47 acres) planted in Argentina.[1] Corvina is used with several other grapes to create the light red regional wines Bardolino and Valpolicella that have a mild fruity flavor with hints of almond. These blends include Corvinone, Rondinella, and Molinara, and Rossignola for the latter wine. It is also used for the production of Amarone and Recioto.

Wines[edit]

Example of varietal wine produced from Corvina

Corvina produces light to medium body wines with a light crimson coloring. The grapes' naturally high acidity can make the wine somewhat tart with a slight, bitter almond note.[2] The finish is sometimes marked with sour-cherry notes. In some regions of Valpolicella, producers are using barrel aging to add more structure and complexity to the wine.[3] The small berries of Corvina are low in tannins and color extract but have thick skins that are ideal for drying and protecting the grape from rot.[4]

Viticulture[edit]

The Corvina vine ripens late and is prone to producing high yields which can negatively impact wine quality.[2] During the growth cycle of the grape vine, the first few buds do not produce fruit. The vines need to be trained along a pergola which allows for a long cane that can produce more buds.[4]

Relationship to other grapes[edit]

Historically in the Veneto region Corvina was often confused with Corvinone, a similar larger red grape that ripens later, but DNA profiling has shown that they are two distinct varieties. In 2005, DNA evidence showed that Corvina was a parent variety to the Venetian grape Rondinella.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anderson, K & Aryal, NR (2013). Which Winegrape Varieties are Grown Where? A Global Empirical Picture. University of Adelaide Press. doi:10.20851/winegrapes. ISBN 978-1-922064-67-7.
  2. ^ a b Robinson, J (1986). Vines, Grapes and Wine. A Borzoi book. Knopf. p. 210. ISBN 978-0-394555-98-0. LCCN 86002844.
  3. ^ a b Robinson, J, ed. (2015). The Oxford Companion To Wine (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-198705-38-3.
  4. ^ a b Clarke, O & Rand, M (2001). Oz Clarke's Encyclopedia of Grapes. Harcourt. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-151007-14-1. LCCN 2001281478.