|Champions||BSG Chemie Leipzig|
|Relegated||BSG Turbine Weimar SV Lichtenberg|
|Goals scored||1,178 (3.85 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Johannes Schöne (37)|
The league was contested by 18 teams and BSG Chemie Leipzig won the championship after a championship play-off with BSG Turbine Erfurt because the two teams finished on equal points. It was Chemie Leipzig's first-ever East German championship, with the club winning a second one in 1963–64.
Johannes Schöne of BSG Rotation Babelsberg was the league's top scorer with 37 goals, the highest total of any DDR-Oberliga top scorer throughout the history of the league. The 1950–51 season also saw the highest-ever goal average for the league with 3,85 goals scored per game. While the total goals scored was second only to the following season, 1,178 compare to 1,233, the 1951–52 season had 19 instead of 18 clubs in the league and therefore 36 extra season games.
The 1950–51 season saw SG Volkspolizei Dresden take the place of SG Friedrichstadt while SG Union Oberschöneweide, VfB Pankow and SV Lichtenberg 47 moved across from the Stadtliga Berlin and BSG Rotation Dresden, BSG Stahl Thale and BSG Turbine Weimar were promoted from the second level. Originally four clubs were scheduled to be relegated but the two East Berlin clubs SG Union Oberschöneweide and VfB Pankow were allowed to remain in the league for the following season.
|Pos||Team||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Promotion, qualification or relegation|
|1||BSG Chemie Leipzig[a] (C)||34||22||6||6||66||33||+33||50||Champions|
|2||BSG Turbine Erfurt||34||22||6||6||80||37||+43||50|
|3||BSG Motor Zwickau||34||17||9||8||72||35||+37||43|
|4||SG Volkspolizei Dresden||34||17||9||8||75||40||+35||43|
|5||BSG Aktivist Brieske-Ost||34||20||3||11||87||79||+8||43|
|6||BSG Turbine Halle||34||16||8||10||74||50||+24||40|
|7||BSG Stahl Thale||34||17||5||12||82||65||+17||39|
|8||BSG Rotation Babelsberg||34||18||3||13||95||78||+17||39|
|11||BSG Stahl Altenburg||34||12||7||15||46||61||−15||31|
|12||BSG Rotation Dresden||34||12||6||16||64||61||+3||30|
|14||BSG Lokomotive Stendal||34||12||5||17||73||73||0||29|
|15||SG Union Oberschöneweide||34||9||8||17||49||72||−23||26|
|16||BSG Turbine Weimar (R)||34||10||6||18||45||71||−26||26||Relegation to the DDR-Liga|
|17||SV Lichtenberg 47 (R)||34||6||8||20||49||96||−47||20|
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated.
- BSG Chemie Leipzig defeated BSG Turbine Erfurt 2–0 in the championship decider
Compare to the previous season all eleven clubs that had retained their league place changed their name during the off-season and in the season.
|1949–50 name||1950–51 name|
|ZSG Horch Zwickau||BSG Motor Zwickau|
|Waggonbau Dessau||Motor Dessau|
|KWU Erfurt||Turbine Erfurt|
|Union Halle||Turbine Halle|
|Franz Mehring Marga||Aktivist Brieske-Ost|
|Märkische Volksstimme Babelsberg||Rotation Babelsberg|
|Industrie Leipzig||Chemie Leipzig|
|Einheit Meerane||Fortschrit Meerane|
|Hans Wendler Stendal||Lokomotive Stendal|
|SG Gera||Motor Gera|
|ZSG Altenburg||Stahl Altenburg|
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1950/1951" [DDR-Oberliga 1950–51]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (in German) Historic German league tables