Turbine Erfurt players and supporters celebrate winning the championship
|Champions||BSG Turbine Erfurt|
|Relegated||SC Chemie Halle-Leuna Fortschritt Meerane|
|Goals scored||614 (3.37 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Willy Tröger (22)|
The 1954–55 DDR-Oberliga was the sixth season of the DDR-Oberliga, the first tier of league football in East Germany. After the 1954–55 season the league played a transition round in autumn 1955, followed by five seasons, until 1960, where it played in the calendar year format. From 1961–62 onwards the league returned to its traditional format.
The league was contested by fourteen teams, one less than in the previous season, a strength the DDR-Oberliga would operate at for the rest of its history. BSG Turbine Erfurt won the championship, its second consecutive one for the club, becoming the first club to win back-to-back titles.
Two clubs were relocated during the season, in November 1954, with Dynamo Dresden moving to East Berlin to become Dynamo Berlin and Empor Lauter was moved to Rostock to become Empor Rostock. A number of clubs were also re-branded as Sportclubs from October 1954 onwards, indicated by the SC before the name, to concentrate the best players at certain locations and improve the level of the game in East Germany. Wismut Aue became Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt but the club remained in Aue and didn't move to Chemnitz, then called Karl-Marx-Stadt, despite the name change.
Unlike the 1954–55 champions of West Germany and the Saar Protectorate the East German champion did not take part in the first edition of the European Cup the following season. It would take until 1957–58 for the DDR-Oberliga winner to compete in Europe.
|1||SC Turbine Erfurt||26||13||8||5||58||25||+33||34|
|2||SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt||26||13||7||6||62||38||+24||33|
|3||SC Rotation Leipzig||26||10||10||6||58||47||+11||30|
|4||SC Einheit Dresden||26||13||3||10||64||55||+9||29|
|5||BSG Motor Zwickau||26||13||2||11||51||49||+2||28|
|6||SC Aktivist Brieske-Senftenberg||26||11||5||10||37||44||-7||27|
|7||SC Dynamo Berlin||26||12||2||12||50||49||+1||26|
|8||ASK Vorwärts Berlin||26||10||6||10||43||46||-3||26|
|9||SC Empor Rostock||26||12||2||12||29||33||-4||26|
|10||BSG Chemie Karl-Marx-Stadt||26||8||9||9||34||43||-9||25|
|11||SC Lokomotive Leipzig||26||9||6||11||32||38||-6||24|
|12||BSG Rotation Babelsberg||26||10||3||13||36||36||0||23|
|13||SC Chemie Halle-Leuna||26||8||4||14||28||52||-24||20|
|League champion||FDGB-Pokal winner||Relegated|
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 94
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1954/1955" [DDR-Oberliga 1954–55]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (German) Historic German league tables