|Relegated||BSG Chemie Leipzig BSG Energie Cottbus|
|European Cup||Dynamo Dresden|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig|
|UEFA Cup||Berliner FC Dynamo 1. FC Magdeburg|
|Goals scored||575 (3.16 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Hans-Jürgen Kreische (24)|
The league was contested by fourteen teams. Dynamo Dresden won the championship, the club's fourth of eight East German championships. The 1975–76 championship marked the beginning of a new era in the Oberliga with fifteen consecutive league titles between 1975 and 1990 going to the Dynamo clubs, Dynamo Dresden and Berliner FC Dynamo.
Hans-Jürgen Kreische of Dynamo Dresden was the league's top scorer with 24 goals, the record fourth time for Kreische to finish as league top scorer, while Jürgen Croy of BSG Sachsenring Zwickau won the seasons East German Footballer of the year award.
On the strength of the 1975–76 title Dresden qualified for the 1976–77 European Cup where the club was knocked out by FC Zürich in the quarter finals. Fourth-placed club 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig qualified for the 1976–77 European Cup Winners' Cup as the seasons FDGB-Pokal winners and was knocked out by Heart of Midlothian in the first round. Second-placed Berliner FC Dynamo qualified for the 1976–77 UEFA Cup where it was knocked out in the first round by Shakhtar Donetsk while third-placed 1. FC Magdeburg lost to Juventus in the quarter finals.
|2||Berliner FC Dynamo||26||17||3||6||67||24||+43||37|
|3||1. FC Magdeburg||26||15||6||5||59||33||+26||36|
|4||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||26||13||5||8||40||34||+6||31|
|5||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||26||11||7||8||50||43||+7||29|
|6||BSG Wismut Aue||26||9||9||8||30||35||-5||27|
|7||FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt||26||8||10||8||44||36||+8||26|
|8||Hallescher FC Chemie||26||9||7||10||37||35||+2||25|
|9||BSG Sachsenring Zwickau||26||7||8||11||29||43||-14||22|
|12||FC Vorwärts Frankfurt||26||8||4||14||41||57||-16||20|
|13||BSG Chemie Leipzig||26||4||6||16||25||62||-37||14|
|14||BSG Energie Cottbus||26||3||6||17||23||63||-40||12|
|League champion & Qualified for the European Cup||FDGB-Pokal winner & Qualified for the European Cup Winners' Cup||Qualified for the UEFA Cup||Relegated to DDR-Liga|
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 92
- "European Competitions 1976-77". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR-Oberliga 1975–76". Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (German) Historic German league tables