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The following events occurred in December 1954:
- 1 December 1, 1954 (Wednesday)
- 2 December 2, 1954 (Thursday)
- 3 December 3, 1954 (Friday)
- 4 December 4, 1954 (Saturday)
- 5 December 5, 1954 (Sunday)
- 6 December 6, 1954 (Monday)
- 7 December 7, 1954 (Tuesday)
- 8 December 8, 1954 (Wednesday)
- 9 December 9, 1954 (Thursday)
- 10 December 10, 1954 (Friday)
- 11 December 11, 1954 (Saturday)
- 12 December 12, 1954 (Sunday)
- 13 December 13, 1954 (Monday)
- 14 December 14, 1954 (Tuesday)
- 15 December 15, 1954 (Wednesday)
- 16 December 16, 1954 (Thursday)
- 17 December 17, 1954 (Friday)
- 18 December 18, 1954 (Saturday)
- 19 December 19, 1954 (Sunday)
- 20 December 20, 1954 (Monday)
- 21 December 21, 1954 (Tuesday)
- 22 December 22, 1954 (Wednesday)
- 23 December 23, 1954 (Thursday)
- 24 December 24, 1954 (Friday)
- 25 December 25, 1954 (Saturday)
- 26 December 26, 1954 (Sunday)
- 27 December 27, 1954 (Monday)
- 28 December 28, 1954 (Tuesday)
- 29 December 29, 1954 (Wednesday)
- 30 December 30, 1954 (Thursday)
- 31 December 31, 1954 (Friday)
- 32 References
December 1, 1954 (Wednesday)
- The Estádio da Luz football stadium opens in Lisbon, Portugal.
- The first Hyatt Hotel, The Hyatt House Los Angeles, opens in the grounds of Los Angeles International Airport, USA. It is the first hotel in the world built on an airport property.
- Died: Fred Rose, 57, US songwriter
December 2, 1954 (Thursday)
- Second Red Scare: The United States Senate votes 67–22 to condemn Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute."
- The Taiwan-United States Mutual Defense Treaty is signed.
December 3, 1954 (Friday)
- Mustafa Ben Halim, Prime Minister of Libya, adds the role of Foreign Minister of Libya to his portfolio.
December 4, 1954 (Saturday)
- The first Burger King opens in Miami, Florida, USA.
- The first commercial flight by Air Laos from Vientiane to Muang Sing, with stops at Luang Prabang and Luang Namtha, by a Douglas C-47A-70-DL Skytrain (registration F-BEIA), ends in tragedy when the aircraft crashes during the Luang Prabang-to-Luang Namtha leg, killing all 28 people on board.
December 5, 1954 (Sunday)
- West Berlin state election, 1954: The Social Democratic Party of Germany wins an outright majority, but agrees to enter into a coalition with the Christian Democratic Union of Germany because of the tense political situation in Berlin.
December 6, 1954 (Monday)
December 7, 1954 (Tuesday)
- Operation Passage to Freedom: Bui Van Luong is replaced as the head of COMIGAL, Vietnam's government resettlement agency, by Pham Van Huyen on December 7, 1954.
December 8, 1954 (Wednesday)
- A Hellenic Air Force Douglas C-47 Skytrain crashes at Elefsis Air Base in Greece, killing all 19 people on board.
- The Autonomous University of Chihuahua is founded in Mexico.
December 9, 1954 (Thursday)
December 10, 1954 (Friday)
December 11, 1954 (Saturday)
- Born: Sylvester Clarke, West Indian cricketer, in Christ Church, Barbados (died 1999)
December 12, 1954 (Sunday)
- Live transmission of the BBC's ground-breaking adaptation of Nineteen Eighty-Four, starring Peter Cushing, takes place on UK television.
December 13, 1954 (Monday)
- The Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. v Budapest Honvéd FC football match takes place in Wolverhampton, UK, and is broadcast live by the BBC. The match would be instrumental in the eventual establishment of the European Cup.
- The final match of the 1953–54 European Rugby League Championship is played, with England finishing on top of the tournament ladder to claim the championship.
- Died: Ed Sanders, 30, US heavyweight boxer, hours after the previous night's bout with Willie James, New England Heavyweight Champion, in Boston, Massachusetts. Sanders, felled by a simple punch combination, loses consciousness and dies after a long surgery to relieve bleeding in the brain.
December 14, 1954 (Tuesday)
- Born: Alan Kulwicki, US race car driver, in Greenfield, Wisconsin (died 1993)
December 15, 1954 (Wednesday)
- The Netherlands Antilles is created out of the Dutch Caribbean nations. It is later dissolved between 1986 and 2010.
- British T-class submarine HMS Talent is swept out of her dock at HMNB Chatham when a caisson collapses, and runs aground in the River Medway. Four people are killed. The submarine was later repaired and returned to service.
December 16, 1954 (Thursday)
December 17, 1954 (Friday)
- President Dwight D. Eisenhower presents James H. "Dutch" Kindleberger and the North American Aviation F-100 Super Sabre design team with the Collier Trophy in recognition of their contributions to aviation.
December 18, 1954 (Saturday)
- Making its fourth attempt to land at Idlewild Airport in Queens, New York, a Linee Aeree Italiane Douglas DC-6B (registration I-LINE) strikes the pier supporting Runway 04's slope line approach lights, crashes in flames, and sinks in Jamaica Bay, killing 26 of the 32 people on board.
- The Swedish ship Hispania strikes a rock in the Sound of Mull and sinks with the loss of her captain.
December 19, 1954 (Sunday)
December 20, 1954 (Monday)
- Died: James Hilton, 54, English novelist (liver cancer)
December 21, 1954 (Tuesday)
December 22, 1954 (Wednesday)
- Johnson Flying Service Flight 4844C, a Douglas C-47A-90-DL Skytrain (registration N24320) on a civil air movement flight of military personnel to Tacoma, Washington, ditches in the Monongahela River near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, due to fuel exhaustion during a leg of its flight from Newark Metropolitan Airport in Newark, New Jersey, to Allegheny County Airport in Pittsburgh, killing 10 of the 28 people on board.
December 23, 1954 (Thursday)
- J. Hartwell Harrison, and Joseph Murray perform the world's first successful kidney transplant in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
- Died: René Iché, 57, French sculptor (b. 1897)
December 24, 1954 (Friday)
Laos gains full independence from France.
December 25, 1954 (Saturday)
- 1954 Prestwick air disaster: The British Overseas Airways Corporation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser G-ALSA crashes on landing at Glasgow Prestwick Airport from London in poor visibility at 03:30, killing 28 of the 36 passengers and crew on board.
December 26, 1954 (Sunday)
- The 1954 Asian Baseball Championship ends in victory for the Philippines.
- The 1954 NFL Championship Game takes place at Cleveland Municipal Stadium, Cleveland, Ohio, USA, and is won by the Cleveland Browns.
December 27, 1954 (Monday)
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December 28, 1954 (Tuesday)
- Sampurnanand becomes Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, India.
- The All India Democratic Students Organisation is founded.
December 29, 1954 (Wednesday)
- The United States defeat Australia in Sydney, to win the 1954 Davis Cup.
- The very first British-animated film, Animal Farm, premieres.
- Born: Norihito, Prince Takamado, Japanese prince, in Tokyo (died 2002)
December 30, 1954 (Thursday)
- Died: Archduke Eugen of Austria, 91, Austrian field marshal
December 31, 1954 (Friday)
- An Aeroflot airliner – possibly an Ilyushin Il-14 – crashes on takeoff from Irkutsk Airport in Irkutsk in the Soviet Union, killing all 17 people on board.
- Liberian tanker World Peace collides with the El Ferdan Railway Bridge, Suez Canal, Ismailia, Egypt. The canal is blocked as part of the bridge ends up across the deck of World Peace.
- The first specimens of the mineral benstonite are collected by Orlando J. Benston in the Magnet Cove igneous complex of Arkansas, USA.
- s:Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States of America and the Republic of China
- Harro Ranter (4 December 1954). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-70-DL (DC-3) F-BEIA Luang Prabang". Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- Frankum, Ronald (2007). Operation Passage to Freedom: The United States Navy in Vietnam, 1954–55. Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University Press. ISBN 978-0-89672-608-6. p 193
- Harro Ranter (8 December 1954). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47 (DC-3) registration unknown Elefsis AB". Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- Jorden, William J. "Hatoyama Named Premier of Japan; Brief Rule Seen; Democrats' Leader Is Chosen After Pledge to Socialists of Elections in Spring", The New York Times. 10 December 1954; "Hatoyama Reaches Lifelong Goal That Twice Before Eluded Him; Premiership Denied Him First by Japan's Pre-War Militarists and Then by Allied Occupation Authorities", The New York Times. 10 December 1954.
- Suart, Paul (13 December 2014). "60 years ago today that Molinuex hosted Honved in 'floodlit friendly'". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- Miller, Nick (13 December 2014). "The night Wolves became 'champions of the world' against Honvéd". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, ISBN 0-517-56588-9, p. 353.
- Harro Ranter (18 December 1954). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-6B I-LINE New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY (IDL)". Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- Edwin G. Seibels
- Harro Ranter (22 December 1954). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-90-DL (DC-3C) N24320 Pittsburgh-Allegheny County Airport, PA (AGC)". Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- "Philippine Nine Wins Asian Baseball Crown" (fee required). Hartford Courant. Hartford, CT, United States. 27 December 1954. p. 11. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
- Harro Ranter (31 December 1954). "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 14 ? registration unknown Irkutsk Airport (IKT)". Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- "Suez Canal Blocked By Wreckage". The Times (53128). London. 1 January 1955. col A-C, p. 8.
- "Benstonite". Mindat. Retrieved 2012-12-31.