Devaki

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This article is about the character from Mahabharata. For the 2005 Indian film, see Devaki (film).
Devaki
Devaki
Krishna and Balarama meet their parents (Painting by Raja Ravi Varma)
Information
Spouse(s) Vasudeva
Children Krishna, Subhadra

In Hinduism, Devaki (देवकी) is the daughter of Devaka, sister of Kansa, wife of Vasudeva and mother of Krishna.[1][2]

Marriage[edit]

During her Swayamvara, a war broke out between Sini and Somadatta, that led to a generation of a feud between the two clans. Sini abducted Devaki for his friend Vasudeva.[3] Devaki's sisters were also married to Vasudeva.[4]

After the marriage ceremony, Kansa volunteered to escort the newly-weds to Mathura and drove their chariot. A celestial voice proclaims that "The eighth child of this damsel that you are ferrying shall become your death!" Angered, Kansa rises to kill Devaki but is stopped by Vasudeva who promises to deliver each child to Kansa.[5][6][7]

Imprisonment[edit]

Vasudeva and Devaki traveling in a carriage.

Devaki and Vasudeva were imprisoned by her brother, Kamsa or Kansa, due to the prophecy during her wedding. Kansa then killed six of their sons. The seventh, Balarama, escaped death by being transferred to the womb of Vasudeva's other wife, Rohini, while a female child (an incarnation of the goddess Yoga-Nidra or Maya) was placed in Yashoda's womb. The eighth son, Krishna (who was actually an Avatar of Vishnu), was born at midnight and taken by Vasudeva across the Yamuna river to be raised by Nanda and Yasoda in the neighboring village of Gokul.

In place of Krishna, Vasudeva took Yashoda's daughter. After Vasudeva's return to Mathura with the baby girl, Kansa tried to destroy her. Then she flew out of his hands, turned into an eight-armed goddess and warned him: "fool, the agent of your death has already been born on this earth." Lord Krishna and Balarama returned to Mathura as adolescent boys and killed the despotic Kansa. Subsequently, Krishna freed his parents, and his grand-uncle Ugrasena (who had also been locked up).[citation needed]

Post Kansa's death[edit]

Vasudeva and Devaki moved to Dwaraka with the rest of Mathura's population.[citation needed]

Devaki temples[edit]

In the state of Goa, Devaki Krishna Sansthan temple is a unique temple,perhaps is the only temple in India where Lord Krishna is worshiped alongside mother Devaki. The main Deities Devakikrishna and affiliate deities of Bhumika Devi, Laxmi Ravalnath, Mallinath, Katyayani, Chodaneshwar and Dhada Shankar were originally located at Choodamani island (Chorão island of today). To avoid persecution during the Goa Inquisition they were taken to Mayem in Bicholim and from there shifted to the present location at Mashel. The Garbha Griha (inner sanctum) of the temple has the beautiful idol of Devaki and Lord Krishna. The idol of Devaki is in standing posture holding baby Krishna with her left hand.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]