Devaki

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Devaki
Mahabharata character
Devaki
Krishna and Balarama meet their parents (Painting by Raja Ravi Varma)
Information
FamilyUgrasena (father)
Kamsa (brother)
Rohini
SpouseVasudeva
ChildrenKrishna and Balarama and Subhadra

In Hinduism, Devaki (देवकी) is the daughter of Ugrasena, sister of Kamsa, wife of Vasudeva and mother of Krishna.[1][2]

Marriage[edit]

During her Swayamvara, a war broke out between Sini and Somadatta, that led to a generation of a feud between the two clans. Sini abducted Devaki for his friend Vasudeva.[3] Devaki's sisters were also married to Vasudeva.[4]

After the marriage ceremony, Kamsa volunteered to escort the newly-weds to Mathura and drove their chariot. A celestial voice proclaims that "The eighth child of this Devaki that you are ferrying shall become your death!" Angered, Kamsa rises to kill Devaki but is stopped by Vasudeva who promises to deliver each child to Kamsa.[5][6][7]

Imprisonment[edit]

Birth and escape of krishna

Devaki and Vasudeva were imprisoned by Kamsa due to a delusion caused by Narada in Kamsa's mind.[8][9] Her six children were killed, while the seventh Balarama appeared as a miscarriage and transferred to Rohini's womb.[10][11][12]

Devaki's six dead sons were named Kírttimat, Sushena, Udayin, Bhadrasena, Rijudasa, and Bhadradeha.[2]

Devaki soon gave birth to Krishna and the baby was switched with Yashoda's daughter Ekanamsha (an incarnation of Yoganidra/Maya) by Vasudeva.[13][14] She protests against the killing of an innocent girl but Kamsa hurls her on a rock. The girl transforms into an eight-armed goddess says "Fool your destroyer has already been born elsewhere." And vanishes into the heavens.[13]

Devaki and Vasudeva's imprisonment came to an end after Kamsa's death.[15]

Salvation to the Sadgarbhas[edit]

Devaki upon hearing how Krishna restored his Guru Sandipani's son wishes to see her own children.[16] Krishna accedes her request and brings the children to Devaki from Patala.[16][17] She nurses them with her milk and they attain heaven.[17]

Death[edit]

After the passing of Vasudeva after the Yadu massacre, Devaki cremates herself on Vasudeva's pyre along with his other wives Rohini, Bhadra and Madira.[18]

Devaki temples[edit]

In the state of Goa, Devaki Krishna Sansthan temple is a unique temple,perhaps is the only temple in India where Lord Krishna is worshiped alongside mother Devaki. The main Deities Devakikrishna and affiliate deities of Bhumika Devi, Laxmi Ravalnath, Mallinath, Katyayani, Chodaneshwar and Dhada Shankar were originally located at Choodamani island (Chorão island of today). To avoid persecution during the Goa Inquisition they were taken to Mayem in Bicholim and from there shifted to the present location at Mashel. The Garbha Griha (inner sanctum) of the temple has the beautiful idol of Devaki and Lord Krishna. The idol of Devaki is in standing posture holding baby Krishna with her left hand.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "XIV". The Vishnu Purana: Book IV. Sacred-texts.com. p. 435.
  2. ^ a b "XV". The Vishnu Purana: Book IV. p. 438.
  3. ^ The Mahabharata, Book 7: Drona Parva: Jayadratha-Vadha Parva: Section CXLIII. Sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  4. ^ "24". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 9. Bhagavata.org.
  5. ^ "1". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  6. ^ "1". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  7. ^ "1". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 April 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "1". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  10. ^ "2". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  11. ^ "2". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  12. ^ "I". The Vishnu Purana: Book V. pp. 490–491.
  13. ^ a b "III". The Vishnu Purana: Book V. p. 502.
  14. ^ "3". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  15. ^ "44". Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 10. Bhagavata.org.
  16. ^ a b "85". SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM: CANTO 10. Bhagavata.org.
  17. ^ a b "85". SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM: CANTO 10. Bhagavata.org.
  18. ^ The Mahabharata, Book 16: Mausala Parva: Section 7.
  19. ^ "Devkikrishna Temple, Marcel". www.goatourism.gov.in. Govt of Goa. Retrieved 3 August 2019.