Dinotopia

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Dinotopia: A Land Apart From Time by James Gurney

Dinotopia is a fictional utopia created by author and illustrator James Gurney. It is the setting for the book series with which it shares its name. Dinotopia is an isolated island inhabited by shipwrecked humans and sapient dinosaurs who have learned to coexist peacefully as a single symbiotic society. The first book was published in 1992 and has "appeared in 18 languages in more than 30 countries and sold two million copies."[1] Dinotopia: A Land Apart from Time and Dinotopia: The World Beneath both won Hugo awards for best original artwork.[2][3]

Since its original publication, over twenty Dinotopia books have been published by various authors to expand the series. A live-action TV mini-series, a brief live-action TV series, an animated film, and several video games have also been released.

Background[edit]

Gurney's assignments for National Geographic required him to work with archaeologists to envision and paint ancient cities that no one alive today has ever seen. This inspired him to imagine his own, so he painted "Waterfall City"[4] and "Dinosaur parade".[5] These were originally done as art prints for collectors.[6] He later decided to create an imaginary island based on these paintings.[6]

Rather than digital tools, Gurney used "plein-air studies, thumbnail sketches, models photographed in costume and original cardboard or clay maquettes"[7] to create 150 oil paintings for his 2007 Dinotopia book.[7] He called the series "Dinotopia": a portmanteau of "dinosaur" and "utopia".[6]

Many have claimed that some scenes in the film Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (particularly those in the city of Theed on Naboo) unfairly copy images from Gurney's books.[8] Gurney acknowledges the resemblance but has remained positive about it.[8] In 1994, director George Lucas had met with producers to discuss some of the concepts and visuals behind a Dinotopia movie that was never made.[8]

The island[edit]

Upon the hidden island of Dinotopia, humans and dinosaurs live and work together in harmony with one another and with the Earth itself. It is a place of beauty and wonder lost to the rest of the world. The island is surrounded by a storm system and dangerous reefs that prevent safe travel to or from the island. Aside from a highly diverse ecosystem ranging from deserts to mountains to swamps, Dinotopia also has an extensive system of natural and man-made caves.

The dinosaurs, according to their own legends, have inhabited the island for millions of years, having sought shelter in the underground caverns during the climate changes that caused the extinction of dinosaurs elsewhere on the planet.

The caverns are referred to as the World Beneath, and many dinosaurs go there to die. According to legends, a half-man-half ceratopsian being named Ogthar climbed down there (where the sun is said to sleep at night) and stole pieces of it (known as "sunstones"), using them to create the empire of Poseidos and populating it with metal dinosaurs. However, the sea grew angry with the artificial city and rose to destroy it. It is implied that this is where the Atlantis myth originated.

Dinotopia written in the Roman and Dinotopian scripts.

The human population consists of shipwrecked travelers called Dolphinbacks (who are often rescued and brought to shore by Kentriodon) and the descendants of such arrivals. As such, they often fall into cultural zones based on the societies from whence their ancestors came, creating a cultural landscape across the island that is both unified and incredibly diverse.

Dinosaurs are not the only prehistoric creatures on the island. In the higher regions of the Forbidden Mountains (a Himalaya-like mountain chain), woolly mammoths, ground sloths, chalicotheres, saber-toothed cats, and other prehistoric mammals can be found. Basal synapsids are present as well; at least one Lystrosaurus and one Edaphosaurus can be found in the city of Pooktook.

Pterosaurs are also common, especially the Quetzalcoatlus skybax, which serve as steeds for the skybax messenger riders.

The seas surrounding the island are completely inhabited by prehistoric life such as plesiosaurs and trilobites, as well as an unknown species of dolphin.

The center of the island is made up of a dense rainforest called the "Rainy Basin". This place is where most of the island's large carnivores live, such as Giganotosaurus, Tyrannosaurus, and Allosaurus. They are just as sentient as the other dinosaurs on the island but must be kept apart due to their instinctual need to hunt. They have their own language yet it is very deep and guttural and difficult even for other dinosaurs to speak or understand fluently. The Basin is cut off from the rest of the island by a series of retractable bridges. There are caravans that make passages through the basin and are made up by very large sauropod dinosaurs outfitted with heavy suits of armor studded with sharp spikes and carry offerings of meat to appease any carnivores they meet. Often, a dinosaur that senses it will die soon will make a pilgrimage to the basin and die there so that it may be eaten by the carnivores and continue to contribute to the good of the island as a whole. The carnivores are actually very respectful of this and always wait for the dinosaur to pass peacefully, never attacking them while alive. The basin is divided by packs of predators, one ruled by Giganotosaurs, the other ruled by Tyrannosaurs.

The Great Desert is a desert in the east that stretches from Chandara to Pteros. The gorges of the Amu River is where Canyon City is built.

The northern part of Dinotopia has the Backbone Mountains which runs across the eastern and western parts of Dinotopia where it forms the northern border of the Rainy Basin and ending at Crackshell Point. Many large mammalian species reside here. In addition, there is the Northern Plains at its northern coast.

The southern part of Dinotopia has Blackwood Flats, a lowland area where its visitors are targets of biting insects, poisonous snakes, a tiger-striped Allosaurus, and a red-faced Tyrannosaurus.

Both the eastern and western halves of the dinotopian society share responsibility equally and live under a common set of laws known as the Code of Dinotopia. The society is highly communal, lacking a monetary system or even a concrete concept of ownership. Individuals are educated from youth to be compassionate, co-operative, and generally conscious of others' needs. For example, food on the island is provided at no cost, but citizens take only what they need and leave the rest for others. Stealing or other crime is virtually non-existent.

Main characters[edit]

  • Arthur Denison – An American scientist and the main protagonist of the books. Following the death of his wife Rachel in 1860 he and his son Will left their home Boston on a voyage of discovery, then in 1862 they were both washed up on the island of Dinotopia after being shipwrecked. During their time on the island Arthur wrote a journal detailing his discoveries. At some point both of his journals would end up in America where they would be discovered by James Gurney. Arthur currently lives in Waterfall City where he has a studio overlooking the falls.
  • Will Denison – The son of Arthur Denison and the second main protagonist of the books. He accompanied his father on a two-year voyage of discovery following the death of his mother in 1860, then in 1862 he and Arthur were shipwrecked on Dinotopia. During his time on the island he met and fell in love with local Dinotopian girl, Sylvia Romano and eventually trained to be a Skybax Rider and was partnered with a Skybax named Cirrus. In the Dinotopia novel it is revealed that he and Sylvia are engaged to be married.
  • Bix – A Protoceratops multilingual who is an ambassador and the good friend and traveling partner of Arthur Denison, having accompanied him to the World Beneath and Chandara. She first met the Denisons when they were washed up on Dinotopia, she was accidentally injured by Arthur when he thought that she meant to harm Will. She later met them again in Volcaneum when she became their guide, ever since she has become their good friend on their travels. She speaks every language on Dinotopia and is one of the few who speak the language of the Carnosaurs of the Rainy Basin.
  • Sylvia Romano – A beautiful Dinotopian girl who lives in the Hatchery with her parents Giorgio and Maria. She was the first human who Arthur and Will met after they were washed up on Dinotopia, she and Will quickly became good friends although they eventually separated when they left for Waterfall City. She and Will were later reunited at Treetown where she too was training to be a Skybax Rider, during this time she and Will fell in love. Eventually she became a Skybax Rider with Will and was partnered with a Skybax named Nimbus.
  • Lee Crabb – The main antagonist of the books. He was washed up on Dinotopia in 1853, however Crabb despised the island and ever since had being plotting a means of escape. He is known for smoking cigars and wearing sea shells on his hat, he hated the dinosaurs as he believes that they have enslaved the humans of Dinotopia and called them Scalies. In the second book The World Beneath, his first villainous scheme to was escape Dinotopia in a sunstone powered strutter and return with an army to plunder the island, however he was foiled by Arthur. In the fourth book Journey to Chandara, he stole an invitation that was given to Arthur by the Chandaran emperor Hugo Khan and passed himself off as Arthur. However, when Arthur arrived in Chandara he exposed Crabb and he was punished.
  • Oriana Nascava – A musician who lives in Waterfall City who accompanied Arthur during his return trip to the World Beneath. She had half a key which Arthur was looking for and asked to join him, it was revealed her second name means born in a cave and went to find out why. At the end of the book she and Arthur are implied to have become romantically linked.
  • Nallab – The assistant librarian of the library of Waterfall City who 127 years old.
  • Brokenhorn – A well respected Triceratops elder who is the son of the famous Greyback the Wise. He lived for many years as a hermit in the Rainy Basin among the tyrannosaurs and carnosaurs until a new leader among them drove him out, he has since returned to Dinotopian society. In the second book he is revealed to have a newly hatched grandson named Stubbs.
  • Oolu – Oolu is the chief Skybax instructor at Sky City, where he trains Skybax Riders. He is also the human Aerial Ambassador at the annual Habitat Partners Conference in the Rainy Basin. His Skybax is Lightwing.
  • Gideon Altaire – The main protagonist of the third Dinotopian book, The First Flight. He lived on the island of Poseidos during the Age of Heroes, he used to attend the flight school until he left following an argument with the superintendent Roff Stricker. How he met an injured Pterasaur named Razzamult who informed him of the invasion of the mainland, whilst on the island he befriended a Pterasaur named Avatar. After defeating the Air Scorpion he became the first ever Skybax Rider.

Series overview[edit]

Dinotopia began as an illustrated children's book called Dinotopia: A Land Apart from Time. It was a cross-over success, appealing to both children and adult readers, which led James Gurney to write and illustrate three more books called Dinotopia: The World Beneath, Dinotopia: First Flight and Dinotopia: Journey to Chandara. They all deal with the adventures of Arthur and Will Denison to one degree or another. These are considered the main books of the series and establish the fictional world in which the others are set. Gurney keeps abreast with recent paleontological discoveries and has written then-newly discovered dinosaurs into his books, for example, including Giganotosaurus in The World Beneath and Microraptor in Journey to Chandara

A children's flip-up version of the first book was also issued.

The Dinotopia Digest series consists of sixteen young adult novels penned by several different authors. These books feature other characters who are not specifically involved with the events of the main books, although characters from the main books (particularly the Denisons) have appeared in minor or cameo roles.

Two full-length adult fantasy novels were also issued with Gurney's authority, written by Alan Dean Foster: Dinotopia Lost and The Hand of Dinotopia.

Several video games, as well as a TV mini-series, a short-lived TV series, and an animated children's movie, were also produced. These are also set in the Dinotopia universe, but do not tie in directly with the main series. Most of them take place in the modern world, unlike the books, which are mostly set in the mid-19th century.

Main books[edit]

The plot of the main Dinotopia books concerns Arthur Denison and his son, Will, and the various people they meet in their travels in Dinotopia. In the fashion of authors such as Edgar Rice Burroughs, the first and fourth books are written as if they were Arthur's journals, with Gurney going so far as to explain in the introductions how he happened to come across the old, waterlogged volumes.

A Land Apart from Time[edit]

In Dinotopia: A Land Apart from Time (1992),[9] the Denisons are shipwrecked near Dinotopia and, after making it ashore, are found by the people of the Hatchery. The Hatchery is a place where dinosaurs are born, tended by both dinosaurs and humans. The Denisons then set out to explore the island, hoping to find a means of returning to their old lives.

Arthur and Will undergo a broad journey, circling the island, as they endeavor to learn the customs and culture of their new neighbors. Arthur in particular develops an interest in the scientific accomplishments of the natives, which far exceed that of any human culture. Among the subjects he studies are the flora of the island, the partnership of its inhabitants, and the existence of a place known as the World Beneath. This World Beneath is an explanation for Dinotopians surviving the saurian extinction; according to the story, most of the Earth's dinosaurs were destroyed, whilst a few hid in vast underground caverns. These few became the original Dinotopians. No one has entered the World Beneath for centuries, but Arthur intends to do so.

His son Will, on the other hand, has chosen to train as a messenger of the sky; a Skybax rider, who lives in symbiosis with his mount, the great Quetzalcoatlus (nicknamed Skybax), a species of pterosaur. Training alongside Will is a girl called Sylvia, with whom Will falls in love. The natives refer to this and any other profound bond as Cumspiritik, which literally means "together-breathing." (Romana Denison of the later Dinotopia film series is said to be Will's daughter.)

Arthur, for his part, travels into the World Beneath, at the same time that Will and Sylvia are learning to fly with the Skybax. When he returns, he is fascinated by the ancient relics found there and is convinced that they may be key in enabling him to leave or explore the island.

Meanwhile, Will and Sylvia learn and master Skybax flight. When at last they have been accepted as Riders, they travel to meet Arthur and his Protoceratops guide Bix, but are distracted on the way by a thunderstorm. Luckily, they survive and arrive on time to meet their kin. Will is at the time too young to marry Sylvia, but it is promised that they will. Arthur recognizes that his son has grown up, and they each accept the changes that are results of their new lives on the island.

Genera featured[edit]

  • Protoceratops – The character Bix is a Protoceratops.
  • Stegosaurus – Appear throughout the book as background characters.
  • Triceratops – Appear throughout the book as background characters. The character Brokehorn is a Triceratops.
  • Ankylosaurus – Appear throughout the book as background characters.
  • Styracosaurus – Appear throughout the book as background characters.
  • Apatosaurus – Appear throughout the book as background characters.
  • Diplodocus – Appear throughout the book as background characters. Two were seen romping alongside children on a beach.
  • Pachycephalosaurus – Appear throughout the book as background characters. The character Gastrolith is a Pachycephalosaurus.
  • Unidentified iguanodontids – One of the genera of dinosaur at the Romanos hatchery.
  • Centrosaurus – Appear throughout the book as background characters.
  • Oviraptor (called "Ovinutrix" which means egg nurse) – The hatchery nurses.
  • Maiasaura – One of the genera of dinosaur at the hatchery.
  • Brachiosaurus (called "Brach" – bus) – They appear throughout the series as background characters and often serve as the "buses" to carry people around.
  • Lystrosaurus – One of the many animals living in the city of Pooktook.
  • Archaeopteryx – One of the many animals living in the city of Pooktook.
  • Compsognathus – One of the many animals living in the city of Pooktook.
  • Edaphosaurus – One of the many animals living in the city of Pooktook.
  • Muttaburrasaurus – One of the many animals living in the city of Pooktook.
  • Dimorphodon – One of the many animals living in the city of Pooktook. The Dinotopian version of homing pigeons.
  • Tuojiangosaurus – One of the many animals living in the city of Pooktook.
  • Rutiodon – Shown helping with the bellows in the casting and forging room at Volcaneum.
  • Unidentified pareiasaur – One of the animals in the casting and forging room at Volcaneum.
  • Pterodactylus – One of the animals in the casting and forging room at Volcaneum.
  • Quetzalcoatlus ("skybax") – Appear throughout the series as the mounts of the Skybax riders.
  • Ceratosaurus – Shown greeting a Skybax rider at Volcaneum.
  • Lambeosaurus – The Habitat partner Paddlefoot is a Lambeosaurus.
  • Parasaurolophus (sometimes called "Overlander") – The Dinotopian version of horses.
  • Corythosaurus – A genus of Hadrosaur living in Hadro swamp.
  • Hylaeosaurus – One of the armored dinosaurs that warn Arthur, Bix, and Will about the rapids near Waterfall city.
  • Polacanthus – One of the armored dinosaurs that warn Arthur, Bix, and Will about the rapids near Waterfall city.
  • Euoplocephalus – One of the armored dinosaurs that warn Arthur, Bix, and Will about the rapids near Waterfall city.
  • Stenonychosaurus – Malik the timekeeper of Dinotopia is a Stenonychosaurus.
  • Deinonychus – Enit the chief librarian of Waterfall city is a Deinonychus.
  • Chasmosaurus – Appear throughout the series as background characters. The Habitat partner Fiddlehead is a Chasmosaurus.
  • Ornithomimus – Featured throughout the series.
  • Saltasaurus – On the first page, a Saltasaurus can be seen helping the farmers.
  • Kentriodon – The rescuers of shipwrecked travelers on Dinotopia's coast.
  • Tyrannosaurus – A genus of predator living in the rainy basin.
  • Woolly mammoth – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains. The Habitat partner Bigtusk is a woolly mammoth.
  • Struthiomimus – Appear throughout the series as background characters. The Habitat partner Highjump is a Struthiomimus.
  • Dryosaurus – The character Kalyptera is a Dryosaurus.
  • Camarasaurus – In the book it is described as needing dental work often.
  • Deinocheirus – The Dinotopian version of race horses.
  • Edmontosaurus – One of the many dinosaurs living in Sauropolis.
  • Pteranodon – The guardians of the portal to the World Beneath.
  • Moropus – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains.
  • Megacerops (called Brontotherium) – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains.

The World Beneath[edit]

Cover of Dinotopia: The World Beneath.

The first sequel, Dinotopia: The World Beneath (1995) focuses mainly on Arthur Denison's return expedition to the World Beneath and opens with Will fly testing an invention of his father, the Dragoncopter – a steam engine ornithopter modeled on the dragonfly. The Dragoncopter fails and Will is narrowly saved by Cirrus, his Skybax mount, before the Dragoncopter plummets into a waterfall.

After returning from his first expedition in A Land Apart From Time, Arthur presents two items he discovered – a sunstone and half of a key – to the council at Waterfall City in an attempt to get a second expedition into the World Beneath.

A musician named Oriana Nascava comes forward with the missing half of Arthur's key, claiming it to be a family heirloom. She is only willing to give it up if she is allowed to accompany Arthur in his expedition, a term that he reluctantly accepts. Together with Bix as a guide and the scandalous Lee Crabb, the group travels to the shady Pliosaur Canal where they board a submersible in order to take an underwater route to the World Beneath.

Meanwhile, Will and Sylvia have been assigned to accompany a sauropod caravan through the Rainy Basin and keep a watch for predatory Tyrannosaurus. However, Cirrus flies Will to ancient ruins in the jungle of which the Tyrannosaurus are strangely protective.

Arthur, Oriana, Bix, and Lee continue to explore the caverns underneath Dinotopia where they come across instantly germinating fern spores, uncut sunstones that appear to store ancestral memory, and mechanical limbs that twitch when the sunstone is brought near. Eventually, they reach an enormous man-made chamber filled with abandoned walking vehicles modelled after prehistoric animals, left behind by the ancient civilization of Poseidos, which they nickname "Strutters". Arthur, Oriana, and Bix commandeer a ceratopsian strutter while Crabb takes a strutter modeled after a sea scorpion and they both climb out of the World Beneath, ending up in the Rainy Basin. They join the sauropod convoy, but are attacked by a pack of Tyrannosaurus and Allosaurus, during which Crabb escapes in his strutter and the head of the ceratopsian strutter is ripped off.

After escaping the carnivores, Arthur realizes that the Tyrannosaurus at the ruins may have been guarding the mythical ruby sunstone, and takes his strutter back into the Rainy Basin with Oriana and Bix to discover it. Along the way, they come across a trapped juvenile Giganotosaurus and free it. The grateful father, named Stinktooth, protects Arthur and his companions from the tyrannosaurs and allows them passage into the ruins.

Inside the temple, Bix reveals that in the past, people have escaped the island and brought with them culture from Dinotopian civilizations, influencing ancient Egyptian and Greek civilizations.

However, they are too late, as Crabb has arrived first and taken the ruby sunstone. Vowing to escape Dinotopia and bring back an army of strutters to plunder the island, he destroys Arthur's strutter with his sea scorpion and escapes. Riding on top of Stinktooth, Arthur chases Lee into the sea and pulls the sunstone out of the power socket in the strutter before Lee can escape. During this chase, Arthur's journal is lost to the ocean where it will be discovered by Philippine sailors and eventually make its way to the library where James Gurney discovers it.

At the end, the ruby sunstone is lost, a new romance is suggested between Arthur and Oriana, and Crabb is placed under guard by a pair of Stygimoloch.

New genera[edit]

First Flight[edit]

Cover of Dinotopia: First Flight.

Dinotopia: First Flight (1999) was a prequel published by Gurney and included a board game.

The main protagonist of the story is Gideon Altaire, a flight school student living in the capital city of Poseidos off the Dinotopian mainland, in which all organic life (save for humans) has been replaced by mechanical counterparts. After discovering an injured Scaphognathus named Razzamult, Gideon discovers that the city is planning to launch an attack on the mainland and conquer all of Dinotopia and that they have stolen the ruby sunstone from the pterosaur home of Highnest.

Gideon sneaks into a factory and discovers an enormous air scorpion attack strutter under construction. He locates and steals the ruby sunstone and frees a group of captive pterosaurs before escaping to the mainland in a police skimmer. He arrives only to find the island already under attack. He discovers and enlists the help of a band of indigenous creatures- Binny, a Necrolemur, Bandy, a Plesictis, Bongo, a Plesiadapis, and Budge, an Estemmenosuchus. During their trek towards Highnest, they are ambushed by a spider like attack strutter which proceeds to steal the ruby sunstone.

Gideon and his band reach Highnest, where they help the pterosaurs evacuate the eggs, then take to the air atop their pterosaurs to engage the air scorpion. During the battle, Gideon manages to pull the ruby sunstone out of the flying machine's power socket, causing it to crash and stopping the invasion of Dinotopia.

Gideon is presented as the first ever Skybax rider, although the species he rode wasn't a Quetzalcoatlus northropi.

New species[edit]

Journey to Chandara[edit]

Cover of Dinotopia: Journey to Chandara.

A fourth Dinotopia book by James Gurney, Dinotopia: Journey to Chandara, was published in October 2007.[9] In it, Hugo Khan, the mysterious and reclusive emperor of Chandara, an empire long since isolated from the rest of Dinotopia, has heard of Arthur Denison and Bix's exploits and sends them a personal invitation to his court. Along the way, the duo encounter several new locals, including an old musician named Cornelius Mazurka and his companion Therizinosaurus Henriette in the ruins of an old city, a town called Bilgewater made completely out of salvaged ships that the inhabitants believe will carry them into another world, and Jorotongo, a consistently festive and completely nomadic village composed of pilgrims from the Sunflower, sister ship to the Mayflower.

Eventually, they meet Lee Crabb en route at Sauropolis, who escapes from his Stygimoloch guards and steals the invitation. Without proper passes for the border guards, Arthur and Bix are forced to sneak through the swamp of Blackwood Flats while evading packs of carnivorous Allosaurus. After passing through the mountain city of Thermala, the duo encounter Neighbor Dooh, a bandit who steals all the possessions of passing travelers and compensates them with the possessions of the previous victim. Although Arthur loses all of his scientific equipment, he is given a set of desert robes which allow him and Bix to blend into a Chandaran caravan and pass the border without harassment from the guards.

They stop by the ruins of Ebulon, where Arthur finds Will and Sylvia preparing for an air-jousting tournament. Soon after that, they make their way to the capital city of Chandara. By the time they arrive, they find themselves with few possessions left to barter save for ideas, so Arthur sets up shop in the Marketplace of Ideas. During the night, the writings at Arthur's stand catches the attention of the emperor and he and Bix are invited into the court.

Once at the court, they discover that Lee Crabb has also entered the court under the guise of Arthur Denison and is attempting to gather up a stockpile of weapons, arguing that he is preparing for a Tyrannosaurus invasion. Hugo Khan finally reveals himself to be a small Microraptor, and the real Denison promptly exposes Crabb. Khan punishes Crabb by assigning him to be a chef for a band of Acrocanthosaurus Shaolin-monks, who ate their last chef after he failed to satisfy them.

To commemorate Arthur and Bix's presence on the court, Hugo Khan flies out during the night to find a child in sorrow. The next day, Arthur, Bix, and a handful of the Emperor's selected entertainers arrive at the house of and greet Rita Rose and Jeffer, an orphaned Europasaurus hatchling who has lost the ability to walk. At the end of the day, Hugo Khan expresses his wish for Chandara to be reopened culturally to the rest of Dinotopia. Arthur and Bix accept the Emperor's offers to stay in Chandara for a while to fully discover the city and its culture.

New species[edit]

  • Achelousaurus – Seen carrying pomegranate juice for sauropods.
  • Stegoceras (mentioned only) – One was an innkeeper in Sauropolis.
  • Unidentified monitor lizard (mentioned only) – A group of them sun themselves on rocks near the city ruins.
  • Therizinosaurus – The character Henriette is a Therizinosaurus.
  • Dinilysia – A species of animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Unidentified dragonfly – A species of animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Unidentified turtle – A species of animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Unidentified crocodile – A species of animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Archaeotherium (mentioned only) – An animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Ornitholestes (mentioned only) – An animal living in the Blackwood flats
  • Camptosaurus (mentioned only) – An animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Red-faced Tyrannosaurus – An animal living in the Blackwood flats. They are scavengers unlike their cousins in the Rainy Basin.
  • Unidentified opossum – A species of animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Unidentified shrew – A species of animal living in the Blackwood flats.
  • Paraceratherium – A mammal living in the Forbidden mountains. Hill people use Paraceratherium for carrying supplies in caravans. The characters Kamba and Muhimmi are Paraceratherium.
  • Pelorovis (mentioned only) – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains.
  • Megaloceros – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains.
  • Macrauchenia – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains. The character Beeber is a Macrauchenia.
  • Imperial mammoth – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains.
  • Anancus – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains.
  • Megaladapis – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains.
  • Megatherium – A mammal living in the Forbidden Mountains. The Boon Sloth (the Dinotopian version of Santa Claus) is a Megatherium.
  • Unidentified pterosaurs (mentioned only) – A flock of small pterosaurs unintentionally warn Arthur and Bix about the Kleptodon tribesman Neighbor Dooh.
  • Gastornis (mentioned only, called Diatryma) – Mounts for Chandara's border guards.
  • Chondrosteus – The main diet of a Skybax in Ebulon.
  • Kentrosaurus – The Khasra baker stacks bread rings on a Kentrosaurus.
  • Leptoceratops – Bix's distant cousin Ishter is a Leptoceratops.
  • Bagaceratops – Bix's distant cousin Sita is a Bagaceratops.
  • Montanoceratops – Bix's distant cousin Shalashu is a Montanoceratops.
  • Psittacosaurus – Bix's distant cousin Erbettu is a Psittacosaurus.
  • Dilong (mentioned only) – The guards of Khasra.
  • Unidentified cynodont (mentioned only) – A bulldog-like cynodont escorts Arthur and Bix to the compound run by Bix's distant cousins.
  • Utahraptor (mentioned only) – The barbers of Khasra.
  • Edmontonia – Pavimentum the Fibonacci gardener is an Edmontonia.
  • Anchiceratops – The character Boustrophedon is an Anchiceratops.
  • Beipiaosaurus – A Beipiaosaurus is seen living with the Shinshik family in Teleost.
  • Caudipteryx – A Caudipteryx is seen living with the Shinshik
  • Acrocanthosaurus – A group of Shaoling warrior monks that Lee Crabb is assigned to be a chef for.
  • Turiasaurus – A Turiasaurus is seen wading in the Chandara canals.
  • Sinornithoides (mentioned only) – A group of Sinornithoides jump in front of Arthur to get a closer look at his mustache.
  • Mesopithecus (mentioned only) – A Chandaran art teacher.
  • Shuvuuia (mentioned only) – Djhuty, a saurian architect (who somehow managed to escape Dinotopia and became the first Egyptian architect), is a Shuvuuia.
  • Iguanodon – A Chandaran ferry pilot.
  • Baryonyx – A Baryonyx is seen having its teeth cleaned by a dental assistant.
  • Einiosaurus – A pair of albino Einiosaurus are seen bathing in a swim tank.
  • Chirostenotes – The courtiers of the emperor.
  • Oviraptor – The characters Haber, Dasher, Virdis & Vestus are Oviraptor.
  • Unidentified butterfly – The character Zephys is a sentient butterfly.
  • Mononykus – Gedyu, the partner of Kiri Uru Mistress of the art of teas, is a Mononykus.
  • Unidentified therizinosaurid – The character Kotoman.
  • Smilodon – Two Smilodon were seen in Hugo Khan's throne room.
  • Microraptor – Hugo Khan the emperor of Chandara is a Microraptor.
  • Europasaurus – The lame hatchling Geffer is a Europasaurus.
  • Protarchaeopteryx – Seen dancing to music played by a Hadrosaur.

Other books in the series[edit]

From 1995, James Gurney worked with a number of other authors on a series of short novels for children using the Dinotopia characters and themes, published by Random House:

  1. Windchaser by Scott Ciencin – During a mutiny on a prison ship called The Redemption that is sailing to Australia in 1863, two human boys from England named Raymond Wilks and Hugh O'Donovan are tossed overboard. Now they are stranded on Dinotopia, and are greeted by Bix. 12-year-old Raymond is the son of the ship's surgeon Stephen Wilks. He immediately takes to this strange new world and befriends a wounded and reclusive male Skybax Quetzalcoatlus named Windchaser, whose human partner Daniel recently died in a fire. But Hugh, a London pickpocket in his mid teens, believes he'll never fit into this paradise. While Raymond helps Windchaser improve his shaky flying, Hugh forms a sinister plan. Soon all three are headed into a dangerous adventure that will test both their courage and their friendship. This book is set during the events of A Land Apart from Time.
  2. River Quest by John Vornholt – Set approximately before the events of A Land Apart from Time, the Polongo River, the source of energy for Waterfall City, has mysteriously dried up. Joined by a pair of Dimorphodon messengers, 13-year-old Magnolia the human and her Lambeosaurus Habitat Partner of Freshwater, Paddlefoot, must restore the great river – or Waterfall City is doomed! This is Magnolia and Paddlefoot's first major assignment as Habitat Partners of Freshwater since their mentors, the now former Habitat Partners of Freshwater Edwick the human man and Calico the female Saltasaurus, recently retired. Along the way they meet the 15-year-old human named Birch, a farmer's son, and his subadult Triceratops buddy, Rogo, who insist on joining their quest. They also team up with a newly shipwrecked human man named Aaron Ruzzo. Together, the unlikely team must battle the elements as they try to save western Dinotopia's most beautiful city and its inhabitants.
  3. Hatchling by Midori Snyder – Humiliated after she falls asleep during her watch at Romano's Hatchery, 12-year-old Janet Elizabeth Morgan the human runs away with her friend Zephyr the Dryosaurus. But when she's ready to return to the hatchery and face her fears, she and Zephyr find a wounded Saurolophus (a very rare dinosaur in Dinotopia) named Kranog, a former teacher who once worked at the ruins of Baz, who is about to lay an egg. Now Janet must help Kranog save the egg – and prove herself worthy of being a hatchery apprenctice. Does she have the courage and knowhow to face this awesome task? This book is set between the events of The World Beneath and Journey to Chandara.
  4. Lost City by Scott Ciencin – Andrew Lawton the 12-year-old human, the son of a Dinotopian innkeeper, makes a strange discovery one night when a mysterious hooded dinosaur named Arri leads him and two friends – fellow humans Ned from Louisiana and Lian from China (the former being Andrew's adopted brother) – to a remote, sealed-off city in northeastern Dinotopia called Halcyon. When they begin to explore the forbidden area, the trio are thrust into a dangerous adventure – one they can survive only if they can put aside their chronic rivalries and come to understand this lost race of Troodon, the Unrivaled, who have existed there in seclusion for centuries.
  5. Sabertooth Mountain by John Vornholt – For years, Armakian Smilodon have lived in an area of the Forbidden Mountains called Sabertooth Mountain, apart from humans and dinosaurs alike, going by their Oath of Peace. Now an avalanche of snow and rocks has blocked their way to their source of food, Claw Pass (where dying prey mammals and birds come to feed the Smilodon), and the sabertooths are divided on what to do. The only hope for a peaceful solution lies with Redstripe, an Armakian Smilodon leader, and Cai Rochelle, a 13-year-old human boy who is the younger brother to 30-year-old Moraine Rochelle, the human Habitat Partner of Alpine who works with Bigtusk the Dinotopian woolly mammoth. This unlikely pair embarks on a treacherous journey out of the mountains. But they are only a few steps ahead of a human-hating Armakian Smilodon, called Neckbiter, and his hungry followers – in a race that could change central Dinotopia forever...
  6. Thunder Falls by Scott Ciencin – Set between the events of The World Beneath and Journey to Chandara, Steelgaze, a wise old Kentrosaurus from Waterfall City, has grown frustrated with his two young charges, Joseph the 14-year-old human and Fleetfeet the adolescent Stegoceras. They turn everything into a contest! So Steelgaze sends them out together on a quest for a hidden prize at the Time Towers, that prize being a map that supposedly holds the secret to a way out of Dinotopia's reef barrier – it must not fall into the wrong hands. But someone has stolen the prize (Lee Crabb is a primary suspect), and the two must track the thief across the rugged terrain of southern Dinotopia. Unfortunately, their constant competition makes progress nearly impossible. It's not until they help a shipwrecked human girl named Teegan MacGregor, from Scotland, that they see the value of cooperating – and just in time, because now they must face the dangerous rapids of Waterfall City's Thunder Falls!
  7. Firestorm by Gene De Weese – All of western Dinotopia is in an uproar. Something is killing off Arctium longevus, the special herb that grants Dinotopian humans long life – sometimes over 200 years! As desperate human citizens set fires to keep the blight under control, 12-year-old Olivia and 15-year-old Albert the humans, along with their dinosaur partners Hightop the Plateosaurus and Thunderfoot the Chasmosaurus, race to find a solution. All four of them are training to be apprentices to the Habitat Partners of Forest: Braken the human and Fiddlehead the Chasmosaurus. But Olivia is secretly determined to claim all the glory for herself. In her hurried search for answers, what important questions is she forgetting to ask?
  8. The Maze by Peter David – Long ago, a Megaraptor named Odon left Dinotopia's society to live in caverns beneath the island. In order to keep out intruders, he created a dangerous maze. Despite their fears, Gwen Corey and Jason the teenage humans and a witty young adult Velociraptor named Booj (who is unusually large for his genus, up to 10 feet long) are determined to reach Odon. Gwen's father, Eric (a farmer who was originally a dolphinback from England that first ended up in Dinotopia in 1850), is suffering from a deadly disease, and Odon, once one of Dinotopia's wisest healers, is their last hope for a cure. Will the three friends make it through Odon's maze? And even if they do, how will they ever convince this mysterious hermit to help them.
  9. Rescue Party by Mark A. Garland – Loro the human likes to watch the caravans of armored Brachiosaurus leave his town and cross the bridge into the dangerous jungles of the Rainy Basin. Someday, he promises himself, he will go with them. Then a deadly storm batters western Dinotopia, and the brachiosaurs go to help the towns that have been hit the hardest. So when a hot air balloon crashes in the jungle, Loro and his friends know they are the only ones who can help. Loro's dream will finally come true – but can he survive the perils of the Rainy Basin?
  10. Sky Dance by Scott Ciencin – Since he was small, Marc the human has wanted to be a tightrope walker – even though he has no sense of balance and a fear of heights. His buddy Gentle, a Parasaurolophus, dreams of being a musician – even though his notes are wildly out of tune. Through sheer determination, the two join a troupe of traveling entertainers. They learn quickly, but their newfound skills are put to the test when tragedy strikes. A Sky Galley is sent wildly out of control during a terrible storm. Only an aerialist like Marc can save the passengers. But performing isn't easy when lives are on the line!
  11. Chomper by Don Glut – Exploring near the Rainy Basin, 13-year-old Perry Taylor the human and his Montanoceratops friend Stoutpoint come across something unusual near their town of Greenglen – a young Giganotosaurus! After rescuing the lost and injured youngster, Perry names the carnivorous dinosaur Chomper and he and Stoutpoint take him back to Greenglen. Everyone loves Chomper, but the playful dinosaur is growing bigger every day. Chomper is given fish and invertebrates to eat, but soon the dinosaur's appetite outgrows the village stores. When Chomper frolics through the village streets and accidentally knocking people over with his tail, something must be done. Is Perry brave enough to guide Chomper back to the dangerous jungles of his homeland?
  12. Return to Lost City by Scott Ciencin – Young Andrew and Lian the humans pay a return visit to their old friends in Halcyon, a place that served for years as the secret home of a noble tribe of Troodon knights called the Unrivaled. When they arrive, they find that an elder Unrivaled Troodon has gone off on a crazy, Don Quixote-like quest to prove he's still a great champion. Now it's up to Andrew, Lian, and their Unrivaled Troodon friend Arri to find this old knight and bring him back before he wreaks havoc in Dinotopia. But they may find out that his quest is not so crazy after all – and that the lives of an entire saurian race may hang in the balance.
  13. Survive! by Brad Strickland – After an earthquake sends him tumbling down a cliff on Outer Island, young Kurt the 12-year-old human awakens unhurt, but terrified. He is now amnesiac and can't remember anything – not even his own name! Hopelessly confused, Kurt stumbles away from the cliff, unknowingly wandering deeper into dangerous rainforest. Meanwhile, Kurt's father and his Deinonychus friend Tostri are urgently searching for him. But without his memory, how will Kurt know who they are?
  14. The Explorers by Scott Ciencin – Long ago, there lived five brave Unrivaled Troodon from Halcyon who loved adventure. Calling themselves the Explorers Club, they undertook many dangerous quests to help their fellow Dinotopians. When five young descendants of these knights hear the heroic tales of their ancestors, they become inspired to form a brand-new Explorers Club. Pointynog the clever, Snicknik the quick, Hardshell the strong, Seeno the stealthy, and Plodnob the jovial say they are ready for any Challenge! But the original Explorers Club was made up of experienced Troodon knights. Can these junior knights-in-training live up to their ancestors’ legend?
  15. Dolphin Watch by John Vornholt – Milos the human and his Cryptoclidus friend Lilith spend their days at the beach, hanging out with the oceanic dolphins and welcoming the shipwreck human survivors the dolphins save. Every "dolphinback" Milos has known has grown to love Dinotopia, except one: Joshua, a young man who cannot accept the fact that he'll never go home. Only swimming with the dolphins makes him happy. Until the day a rescue ship is spotted just beyond the reef...
  16. Oasis by Cathy Hapka – Jack and Ty the humans are opposites. So when they travel together in a caravan across the Great Desert, there are bound to be disagreements. When a sandstorm separates the boys from the rest of their group, the disagreements just get worse. In a desperate attempt to catch up to the caravan, they stumble upon a legendary oasis where they find a lost colony of small Compsognathus dinosaurs. Somehow Jack and Ty must put aside their differences long enough to befriend the shy Compsognathus and help them find a way out of the mysterious Great Desert Oasis.

New genera[edit]

Two full-length adult fantasy novels were also issued with Gurney's authority, written by Alan Dean Foster: Dinotopia Lost (1996) and The Hand of Dinotopia (1999).

TV miniseries[edit]

A 2002 four-hour TV mini-series produced by Hallmark Entertainment was also based on James Gurney's work, and was advertised as the first "mega-series." The show featured new characters such as Zippo (changed to Zippeau for the TV series to avoid legal issues with the lighter maker Zippo), a troodon who is said to have worked with Sylvia; the sunstones, a technology restricted to the lost city of Poseidos in the books, are commonplace in the miniseries. The failure both of the sunstones and of Dinotopian officials to adhere to the underlying meanings of their culture's philosophy caused several discontented people – a leader-in-training, Zippeau himself, and two twentieth-century Dolphinbacks, Karl and David – to embark on a quest that led ultimately to the World Beneath. The series is presented as a sequel of sorts to the books: Will Denison's daughter followed her father into the Skybax corps (an order acknowledged to be founded by Gideon Altaire), Oriana's granddaughter is the female protagonist, the character Zippo is said to have been the dinosaur partner of Sylvia (here the Nursery overseer and not a Skybax rider), and Lee Crabb's son Cyrus features as the antagonist. The mini-series won an Emmy for its special effects.

Code of Dinotopia[edit]

In the world of Dinotopia, the Code of Dinotopia is an ancient stone tablet citing the rules of living in Dinotopia. As the part of the tablet cracked since it was first carved, the last portion of it had been missing, but was recovered in the TV mini-series Dinotopia. The code itself is as follows:

Survival of all or none.
One raindrop raises the sea.
Weapons are enemies, even to their owners.
Give more, take less.
Others first, self last.
Observe, listen and learn.
Do one thing at a time.
Sing every day.
Exercise imagination.
Eat to live, don't live to eat.
Don't p...

The recovered first letters of each sentence spell out "SOW GOOD SEED". It was first written in the Dinotopian alphabet. In the TV mini-series, the 11th code began with Fin... and was found to be "Find the light".

In the original book by James Gurney, the last line of the code was a small joke amongst the historians and the librarian, who seemed to think it could have been "Don't pee in the bath" referencing the Saurian community's distaste with some humans' lack of cleanliness and hygiene. This was never elaborated on further or confirmed to be true though. Another theory is "Don't put off work for tomorrow that can be done today".

TV series[edit]

A TV series of thirteen episodes was produced later in 2002 as a result of the success of the mini-series, but none of the cast of the mini-series reprised their roles. In the later TV series, a group of people known as Outsiders live outside the laws of Dinotopia and pose an additional danger aside from the featured antagonists, which include Pteranodon, Tyrannosaurus, and Postosuchus.

ABC originally planned to launch the series in September 2002, but decided to wait until Thanksgiving.[10] ABC was somewhat disappointed by the initial 5.7 million viewers and the poor ratings, but continued to air the series for a little while longer, pointing out that it had been an "odd viewing night overall."[10] The series was finally canceled in December.[11] Only six of the thirteen episodes were aired on ABC, but all thirteen were broadcast the following year in Europe and were released onto a three-disc DVD box set.

Science-fiction veteran David Winning directed two episodes of the series, and location shooting lasted for three months near Budapest, Hungary. Georgina Rylance played Marion Waldo, and Lisa Zane portrayed her old friend LeSage, the leader of the Outsiders.[12] Michael Brandon, Jonathan Hyde, and Erik von Detten also star in the series.

DVD releases[edit]

Artisan Entertainment released the complete series on DVD in Region 1 for the first time on 20 January 2004. This release has been discontinued and is out of print. On 15 March 2016, Mill Creek Entertainment re-released the complete series on DVD in Region 1.[13]

Other media[edit]

Animated film[edit]

There is also a 2005 traditionally animated movie called Dinotopia: Quest for the Ruby Sunstone. This film deviated from the original books even more than the mini-series by featuring Ogthar, a mythical ruler of the World Beneath (mentioned in the mini-series), as a human warlord rather than a benevolent, if commanding, emperor.

Video games[edit]

A number of Dinotopia video games have been produced:

Dinotopia: Living the Adventure (PC: 1995)[14]
Dinotopia Game Land Activity Center (PC/Mac: 2002)[15]
Dinotopia: The Timestone Pirates (Game Boy Advance: 2002)[16]
Dinotopia: The Sunstone Odyssey (GameCube/Xbox: 2003)[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Illustrator Biographies". Norman Rockwell Museum. Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  2. ^ "The Hugo Awards: 1993 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  3. ^ "The Hugo Awards: 1996 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  4. ^ Waterfall City Archived 25 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine., dinotopia.com. Retrieved August 2011
  5. ^ Dinosaur Parade Archived 25 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine., dinotopia.com. Retrieved August 2011
  6. ^ a b c Maltby, Anna (24 October 2007). "A Talk with James Gurney". Time for Kids. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  7. ^ a b Murray, Kathleen Wereszynski (29 November 2007). "Incredible journey: New book goes back to 'Dinotopia'". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  8. ^ a b c Phillips, Loren (6 June 1999). ""Breathe Deep, Seek Peace": Controversial Similarities Between "Dinotopia" and "The Phantom Menace", Including Discussion with the Author, James Gurney". Echo Station. Archived from the original on 27 September 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  9. ^ a b "Dinotopia". Dinotopia. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  10. ^ a b Petrozzello, Donna (3 December 2002). "'Dinotopia' Gets Chance to Avoid Extinction". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  11. ^ Lowry, Brian (17 December 2002). "ABC's 'Dinotopia' is a thing of the past". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  12. ^ Frederick S. Clarke, Cinefantastique vol. 34 (2002), p. 20
  13. ^ 'The Series' to be Re-Released in 2016 by Mill Creek Entertainment Archived 18 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "Dinotopia Adventure Game". Gamefaqs.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  15. ^ Game Zone's Kid Zone: Dinotopia Game Land Activity Center videogame Archived 15 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "Dinotopia: The Timestone Pirates videogame". Gamefaqs.com. 30 April 2002. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  17. ^ "Dinotopia: The Sunstone Odyssey videogame for GBA". Gamefaqs.com. 23 July 2003. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  18. ^ "Dinotopia: The Sunstone Odyssey videogame for Xbox". Gamefaqs.com. 5 August 2003. Retrieved 2 February 2011.

External links[edit]