Dora Akunyili

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Dora Nkem Akunyili
Photo of Dora Akunyili.jpg
Federal Minister of Information & Communication
In office
17 December 2008 – 15 December 2010
Preceded byJohn Ogar Odey
Succeeded byLabaran Maku
Personal details
Born(1954-07-14)July 14, 1954
Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Died7 June 2014(2014-06-07) (aged 59)
India
Political partyAll Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA); People's Democratic Party (PDP)
Spouse(s)Chike Akunyili
Children6
Parent(s)Chief and Mrs. Paul Young Edemobi
EducationUniversity of Nigeria, Nsukka (B. Pharm., 1978); University of Nigeria, Nsukka (Ph.D., 1985)
Alma materUniversity of Nigeria
ProfessionPharmacologist

Dora Nkem Akunyili OFR (14 July, 1954 – 2014) was the Director-General of National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) of Nigeria from 2001 to 2008.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Dora Edemobi was born in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria to Chief Paul Young Edemobi who hailed from Nanka, Anambra State.[2] She received her First School Leaving Certificate from St. Patrick's Primary School, Isuofia, Anambra State, in 1966[3] and had her West African School Certificate Examination (W.A.S.C) at Queen of the Rosary Secondary School Nsukka, Enugu State in 1973, where she graduated with Grade I Distinction[4] consequently, she won the Eastern Nigerian Government Post Primary Scholarship and the Federal Government of Nigeria Undergraduate Scholarship.[4] She went on to study pharmacology at the University of Nigeria (U.N.N.), graduating in 1978 and received her Ph.D. in ethnopharmacology in 1985.[5]

Career[edit]

She served on several State Government Boards and then was named Supervisory Councilor for Agriculture in a Local Government unit in Anambra State.[6] She worked as a hospital pharmacist in the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital. (U.N.T.H), Enugu State.[7]

In 1981, she became a Graduate Assistant in the FaU.NN. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, U.N.N. In 1990, she became a Senior Lecturer and in 1996, she was made a Consultant Pharmacologist at the College of Medicine.[4]

In 1996, Akunyili became Zonal Secretary of the Petroleum Special Trust Fund (P.T.F), coordinating projects funded by profits from oil in Nigeria's South Eastern States. In 2001, President Olusegun Obasanjo appointed her the Director-General of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC).[4]

NAFDAC[edit]

She was appointed NAFDAC DG in 2001 and served till 2009.[8]

Akunyili had a special motivation for attacking the country's counterfeit drug problem [9] and this is because, in 1988, she had watched her sister aged 21, die after being given injections of fake insulin as part of regular diabetes treatment.[10][4] She put together a team of mostly female pharmacists and inspectors and started a war against counterfeit drugs that saw many open-air medicine markets across the country closed down.[11] Including one in Kano State after her officers confiscated £140,000 worth of fake drugs.[12] The agency, under her leadership, broadcast jingles on radio and television to make the public aware of the dangers of substandard drugs and to encourage people to report suspicious drugs while also publishing lists of counterfeit products regularly in the newspapers.[citation needed]

In July 2003, the International Children's Heart Foundation visited Nigeria to operate on sick children at a teaching hospital in Enugu. After four children died in what appeared to be a case of counterfeit medical supplies, and despite being confronted with what seemed to be a hospital cover-up, Akunyili confiscated supplies and found fake adrenalin, fake muscle relaxant and infected intravenous drips.[12]

As of June 2006, she was reported to have secured convictions for 45 counterfeiters with 56 cases pending. Her efforts led to increased public awareness about counterfeit drugs and more direct and purposeful surveillance at Nigerian customs.[8][13]

Assassination attempt[edit]

On 26 December 2003, while Akunyili was on the way to Anambra State in Eastern Nigeria, gunmen fired on her convoy. The bullets narrowly missed her, with one of the bullets going through her headscarf and through the windscreen of the car. Prior to the incident, she had faced constant death threats against herself, her family, and her staff. In 2014, at least six people were charged with conspiracy and attempted murder, but acquitted and discharged in 2014.[14][15][16]

Politics[edit]

In 2008, Akunyili was appointed Minister of Information and Communications.[5]

She resigned her appointment as Minister of Information and Communications on December 16, 2010, after two years of service to run for office as senator representing Anambra Central in the National Assembly.[3]

She ran for election as Senator for Anambra Central for the APGA in April 2011 but was defeated by Chris Ngige of the ACN.[17] She immediately sent a petition to the Independent National Electoral Commission disputing the result.[18]

She was a pharmacist and governmental administrator who gained international recognition[19] and won several awards for her work in pharmacology, public health and human rights.[20]

Personal life and death[edit]

She was married to Chike Akunyili, a medical doctor, and they had six children: Ijeoma, Edozie, Somto, Njideka, Chidiogo and Obumneme. In 2017, one of her children, Njideka Akunyili Crosby was awarded the prestigious Genius Grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.[21]

Dora Akunyili died at a specialist cancer hospital in India on 7 June 2014 after a two-year battle with uterine cancer.[22]

Her funeral took place on 27 and 28 August, attended by many dignitaries from within Nigeria and beyond, including former President Goodluck Jonathan, and a former Nigerian military ruler General Yakubu Gowon.[23] Akunyili was laid to rest at Agulu in Anambra State.[24][25]

In 2012, her book: The War Against Counterfeit Medicine: My Story was published.[26][4]

Dr Chike Akunyili's murder[edit]

On 28 September 2021, her husband Dr Chike Akunyili was murdered by gunmen at Nkpor, in the Idemili North Local Government Area of Anambra on his way back from an event to honor his late wife at Sharon Hall, All Saints Cathedral, Onitsha, and organized by the University of Nigeria Nsukka Alumni Association (UNAA). At least seven other people were said to have been killed in the attack, which is currently under investigation. [27][28] The Federal Government of Nigeria alleged that IPOB is responsible for his death.[29]

Awards[edit]

Statue of Dora Akunyili

Akunyili received over 900 awards throughout her career, the highest number of awards ever received by any Nigerian.[30][31] With over 900 awards, Historyville reports that over 100 awards were later discovered in her boxes.[32]

Some of the awards Akunyili received were:

  • Order of the Federal Republic, OFR
  • Time magazine award 2006 ("One of the eighteen heroes of our time")[25]
  • Person of the Year 2005 Award – Silverbird Communications Ltd, Lagos, 5 January. 2006[33]
  • Award of Excellence – Integrated World Services (IWS), December 2005[34]
  • Award of Excellence – Advocacy for Democracy Dividends International, Lagos, 17 December 2005[35]
  • Meritorious Award 2005 – St. Michael's Military Catholic Church, Apapa, Lagos, 4 December 2005[36]
  • African Virtuous and Entrepreneurial Women Merit Award 2005 – African Biographical Network, December, 2005[37]
  • Award for the Best Government Parastatal – National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS), December, 2005[38]
  • An Icon of Excellence Award – The African Cultural Institute and Zenith Bank Plc,[39] 8 December 2005
  • 2005 Grassroots Human Rights Campaigner Award London-based Human Rights Defense Organization, 8 December. 2005[40]
  • Most Innovative Director Award Federal Government College, Ijanikin, Lagos, October, 2005.[41]
  • Integrity Award 2003 – Transparency International.[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "18 women who have helped shape Nigeria since 1960". www.pulse.ng. 1 October 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Akunyili, Dora | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b "How misdiagnosis killed Akunyili". Vanguard News. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Dora Akunyili: The Drug Lioness". guardian.ng. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Profile: Late Prof Dora Akunyili". Vanguard News. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Akunyili, Dora | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Dora Akunyili: The Drug Lioness". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  8. ^ a b Kingsley, Pete. "Dora Akunyili - the Nigerian public servant who took on the fake drugs trade". The Conversation. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Akunyili, Dora | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  10. ^ Barriaux, Marianne (9 November 2007). "The Friday interview: Dora Akunyili". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  11. ^ "A New Touch of Africa is under construction". anewtouchofafrica.com. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  12. ^ a b "One woman's war with fake drugs". 12 July 2005. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  13. ^ "WHO | Nigeria leads fight against "killer" counterfeit drugs". WHO. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  14. ^ "TI strongly condemns assassination attempt on Nigerian Integrity Awards winner". Transparency.org. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Professor Dora Akunyili: Preventing Medical 'Mass Murder' in Nigeria". www.asafeworldforwomen.org. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  16. ^ Ogbeche, Danielle (4 January 2016). "Dora Akunyili: Abuja court discharges six suspects over attempted murder". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  17. ^ "Ngige Defeats Akunyili In Keenly Watched Senatorial Race". Sahara Reporters. 27 April 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  18. ^ Onu, Nwanosike (28 April 2011). "How Ngige floored Akunyili in Anambra Central". The Nation. Archived from the original on 2 May 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  19. ^ "Dora Akunyili - A Beacon of Light in the Dark - LifeAndTimes News". www.lifeandtimesnews.com. 8 July 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Prominent Nigerians". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  21. ^ Michel, Karen. "MacArthur 'Genius' Paints Nigerian Childhood Alongside Her American Present". NPR.org. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  22. ^ "Dora Akunyili's Death Archives". TheCable. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Prof. Dora Akunyili (drug warrior) and Chief Efunsetan Aniwura in accord concordia, battling for Nigeria's elusive unity (25)". The Sun Nigeria. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Prof Akunyili's final journey home: Day Agulu people, other Nigerians were united in grief". The Sun. 3 September 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  25. ^ a b "Akunyili, Dora | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  26. ^ Akunyili, Dora N. (2013). The War Against Counterfeit Medicine My Story. Safari Books Limited.
  27. ^ "Gunmen kill Chike Akunyili, late Dora Akunyili's husband". 29 September 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  28. ^ Okafor, Tony (29 September 2021). "Late NAFDAC DG Dora Akunyili's widower Chike, seven others killed in Anambra". punchng.com. The Punch Nigeria. Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  29. ^ "IPOB killed Dr. Akunyili, 175 security agents, FG insists". Vanguard News. 23 October 2021. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  30. ^ "Everything you need to know about Dora Akunyili, the 'iron lady' with almost 1000 awards". Pulse Nigeria. 11 March 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  31. ^ "Everything you need to know about Dora Akunyili, the 'iron lady' with almost 1000 awards". www.pulse.ng. 11 March 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  32. ^ "Everything you need to know about Dora Akunyili, the 'iron lady' with almost 1000 awards". Pulse Nigeria. 11 March 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  33. ^ "Dora Akunyili is dead". Vanguard News. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  34. ^ "Dora the Amazon (1954 – 2014)". Businessday NG. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  35. ^ "How misdiagnosis killed Akunyili". Vanguard News. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  36. ^ Prosper. "Nigerian professor wins 930 awards becomes highest award winner in Africa | Rainbownaija Blog". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  37. ^ View), Dare Ojo Omonijo (PhD in. "Roles of Women in National Development: A Study of Late Professor Dora NkemAkunyili". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  38. ^ admin (7 June 2019). "Remembering Dora Akunyili: 5 Years After Dora Speaks From The Grave". News Critic. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  39. ^ "zenithbank.com". zenithbank.com. 31 December 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  40. ^ "Akunyili bags human rights award – Partnership for Safe Medicines". www.safemedicines.org. 6 October 2005. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  41. ^ "Nafdacnigeria.org". Nafdacnigeria.org. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  42. ^ [1] Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

"Dora Akunyili Dead From Cancer At Age 59"