Hard, Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hard
Rheintal bei Bregenz.jpg
Coat of arms of Hard
Coat of arms
Location in the district
Location in the district
Hard is located in Austria
Hard
Hard
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°28′00″N 09°40′00″E / 47.46667°N 9.66667°E / 47.46667; 9.66667Coordinates: 47°28′00″N 09°40′00″E / 47.46667°N 9.66667°E / 47.46667; 9.66667
CountryAustria
StateVorarlberg
DistrictBregenz
Government
 • MayorHarald Köhlmeier (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total17.46 km2 (6.74 sq mi)
Elevation
398-400 m (−914 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total13,495
 • Density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6971
Area code05574
Vehicle registrationB
Websitewww.hard.at

Hard is a town in the westernmost Austrian state of Vorarlberg, directly on Lake Constance. Hard's attractions include the Strandbad and the Grünerdamm. Hard is also famous for its skatepark.

An honorary consulate of Brazil is located in Hard.[3]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18692,305—    
18802,085−9.5%
18902,183+4.7%
19002,914+33.5%
19103,637+24.8%
19233,049−16.2%
19343,387+11.1%
19393,488+3.0%
19514,788+37.3%
19616,671+39.3%
19718,887+33.2%
198110,103+13.7%
199110,747+6.4%
200111,471+6.7%
201112,546+9.4%

Geography[edit]

Hard has an area of 17.46 km² (6.75 sq mi). It lies in the west of the country, on the southern shore of Lake Constance. Hard, located between the two rivers Bregenzer Ach and Rhine, it borders the provincial capital Bregenz.

History[edit]

Around the 7th century, Alemanni settled near Mittelweiherburg. It was the first location in this area. Near Lake Constance around the year 1200, large parts of the woods were cleared on which a new village was built: Hard (Old High German for "forest"). The municipality of Hard was first mentioned in a release letter from Pope Innocent IV to the monastery of Mehrerau in 1249.

In 1794, Samuel Vogel from Alsace opened the first textile factory in Hard. In 1802, the "Allmenden" (common grounds) were lifted. This removal resulted in private fields, pastures and forests that were used for around 1000 years. In 1997, the textile printing museum in Mittelweiherburg was opened.

Harder Schwabenkinder (Swabian children)[edit]

The Schleienlöcher nature reserve in Hard

From the 17th century to the beginning of the 20th century, poor Vorarlberg farmers sent their children to Swabia to do seasonal work there. These children were called "Schwabenkinder", the action itself was referred to as "Schwabengehen".

Heraldry[edit]

The coat of arms of Hard shows two trees and a sailboat. They symbolize the initial activities in Hard: logging and fishing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Foreign representations in Austria". Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs (Austria). Retrieved 2009-01-28.

External links[edit]