Dunkirk, New York
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|Dunkirk, New York
Chadwicks Bay, Ganadawao
Aerial view of Dunkirk, facing north over Lake Erie
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Mayor||Wilfred Rosas (D)|
|• Common Council|
|• Total||4.6 sq mi (11.8 km2)|
|• Land||4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||617 ft (188 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||12,328|
|• Density||2,791/sq mi (1,077.5/km2)|
Dunkirk is a city in Chautauqua County, New York, in the United States. It was officially incorporated in 1880, though it was first settled around 1805. The population was 12,563 as of the 2010 census, with an estimated population of 12,328 in 2013. Dunkirk is bordered on the north by Lake Erie. It shares a border with the village of Fredonia to the south, and with the town of Dunkirk to the east and west. Dunkirk is the westernmost city in the state of New York.
The Iroquoian languages-speaking Erie people occupied this area of the forested, lakefront along the southern shore of Lake Erie well into the 1600s, when Europeans, mostly French, started trading around the Great Lakes. They were pushed out by the Seneca people, one of the Five Nations of the powerful Iroquois League, based here and further east in New York.  The European-American demarcation and settlement of Chadwick Bay and subsequent naming of Dunkirk - after Dunkirk in France - began in earnest in 1826.
The Dunkirk Lighthouse at Point Gratiot was built soon after and still stands. Dunkirk served as a minor railroad hub and steamship port on Lake Erie into the early 1900s. Both freight and passenger ships traveled the lakes.
The city thrived as a steel town for Roebling and others through the 1950s. In addition, it was a manufacturing leader with Plymouth Tube and Nestle Purina PetCare. Its coal-burning Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation plant provided power for the region. Since the 1970s, population has declined following a regional drop in manufacturing as the steel industry and other restructured. Overall employment has declined in the area.
Beginning in the 2010s, the city has refocused its economic efforts on revitalizing its pier and fishing, to improve the quality of life for residents and attract more tourists. In addition, in 2016 it attracted a high-tech drug manufacturing project as part of business related to the state project of area investment called the "Buffalo Billion."
Dunkirk lies on the southeastern shore of Lake Erie and is 45 miles (72 km) southwest of Buffalo.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (11.8 km2), of which 4.5 square miles (11.7 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 1.10%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 12,563 people, 5,477 households, and 3,690 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,774.6 people per square mile (1,119.2/km²). There were 6,071 housing units at an average density of 1,340.6 per square mile (517.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.70% White, 5.1% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.50 Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 9.14% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.40% of the population.
There were 5,477 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,313, and the median income for a family was $35,058. Males had a median income of $29,462 versus $21,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,482. About 18.5% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.0% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
Law enforcement and Fire/EMS
The city of Dunkirk has its own police force under the leadership of Police Chief David Ortolano. It employs full-time officers and part-time dispatchers for the police department only.
Dunkirk has a split paid and volunteer fire department under the leadership of Fire Chief Mike Edwards. There are three stations located throughout the city. The paid firefighters belong to Local 616, the union for the city's paid firefighters. The rest of the membership is volunteer.
As of 2011, Dunkirk Fire started handling 90 percent of EMS transports and billing accordingly. Alstar Ambulance still has a reduced contract with the city for advanced life support when needed. In recent years, Dunkirk Fire's dispatching merged with the county dispatch center in Mayville but still maintains its FCC ID of KED 653.
Alstar Ambulance has its north county satellite station on Monroe Street in Dunkirk just southwest of NY 60. Dispatching is still controlled by the main station in Jamestown via MEDCOM. Several transportable units as well as wheelchair transport vans and one medic fly car are housed here. There is a fenced-in and pre-lit landing pad located on the property for Starflight or any other medevac needing to use the landing pad.
- A branch of Jamestown Community College is in Dunkirk.
- Dunkirk High School, home of the Marauders, is part of the public Dunkirk City School District.
- Northern Chautauqua Catholic School is a K-8th grade school under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Buffalo.
Railroad service in Dunkirk is provided by CSX Transportation (via the Buffalo-Cleveland-Willard (Ohio)-Chicago Main Line) and Norfolk Southern Railway (Buffalo-Cleveland-Fort Wayne-Chicago Main Line). The Lake Shore Limited daily Amtrak train passes through the city, but it does not stop in it. In the late 1990s the rail carrier considered adding the city as a stop between Buffalo and Erie. Dunkirk was listed as a stop with service "to commence on a date to be announced" on several timetables, but the stop was never added.
The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) passes through the southern end of the city, with access from Exit 59 (NY Route 60) just east of the city limits. The Thruway leads northeast 42 miles (68 km) to the outskirts of Buffalo and southwest 28 miles (45 km) to the Pennsylvania border. New York State Route 5 runs through the center of the city, leading northeast 9 miles (14 km) to Silver Creek and southwest 18 miles (29 km) to Westfield.
- The Observer newspaper is published in Dunkirk.
- WDOE AM radio station in Dunkirk, co-owned with Fredonia FM sister station, WBKX.
|Climate data for Dunkirk, New York (Dunkirk Chautauqua Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1945–present|
|Record high °F (°C)||72
|Average high °F (°C)||33.6
|Daily mean °F (°C)||26.7
|Average low °F (°C)||19.9
|Record low °F (°C)||−16
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.93
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: The Weather Channel|
- Samuel Hopkins Adams, author 
- Bryn Bennett, guitarist of the Boston-based rock band Bang Camaro
- Mark Brazill, creator of That '70s Show
- Douglas Brown, business author
- June Card, operatic soprano and stage director
- William L. Carpenter, U.S. Army officer, geologist
- Richard H. Cosgriff, Union Army soldier who received the Medal of Honor
- Dave Criscione, retired Major League Baseball catcher
- Celestine Damiano, former Bishop of Camden
- Katherine Bement Davis, social reformer
- Mike DiMuro, MLB umpire
- Ray DiMuro, retired MLB umpire
- Francis S. Edwards, former US congressman
- Mike Friedman, pro-racing cyclist
- Daniel G. Garnsey, former US congressman
- Dave Graf, retired NFL linebacker
- Grasshopper, guitarist and songwriter for seminal alternative rock band Mercury Rev
- Chad Green, former minor league baseball player
- H. B. Halicki, director of Gone in 60 Seconds and The Junkman; born in Dunkirk
- Thomas Horan, a Medal of Honor Recipient at the battle of Gettysburg (1863) during the Civil War, was born in Dunkirk in 1839 and died 1902. His grave is at Saint Mary's Cemetery in Dunkirk.
- Jerry Interval, portrait photographer
- Jason Irwin, writer
- Cyrus James, Union soldier, first fatality at Battle of Gettysburg
- Richard P. Klocko, Air Force lieutenant general, command pilot, director of Defense Communications Agency
- John T. McDonough, former Secretary of State of New York
- Sean Patrick McGraw, country music artist
- Jim McGuire, former MLB player
- Mark Merchant, retired minor league baseball player
- Cindy Miller, pro golfer
- Van Miller, play-by-play announcer for the Buffalo Bills and WIVB-TV sportscaster
- Chris Poland, former guitarist of thrash metal band Megadeth
- Gar Samuelson, former drummer of thrash metal band Megadeth
- Murray Shelton, member of the College Football Hall of Fame
- Wendy Corsi Staub, New York Times best selling author
- Elisha Ward, former New York state senator
- Cory Wells, One of three lead singers of the band Three Dog Night
- Arthur W. Woelfle, President and CEO of Kraft Inc. (1973-1985)
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- "Giant drug factory planned for Dunkirk will extend the reach of the Buffalo Billion". The Buffalo News. February 4, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
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- Samuel Hopkins Adams, Encyclopædia Britannica
- "Dunkirk Native Toby Holicki Returns For Eastern Premiere Of His Movie Wednesday," Dunkirk Evening Observer, 01 October 1974, Dunkirk-Fredonia, New York.
- Van Miller, Buffalo Sports Hall of Fame
- , Dunkirk High School Yearbook
- "Former Kraft Inc. President, Ceo Arthur W. "Bud" Woelfle, 77". Chicago Tribune. December 17, 1997.