|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
Play in and headquartered in Ralph Wilson Stadium
Orchard Park, New York
Royal Blue, Red, White
|Fight song||“Shout,” among others|
|Owner(s)||Terry and Kim Pegula|
|General manager||Doug Whaley|
|Head coach||Rex Ryan|
Conference championships (4)
Division championships (10)
|Playoff appearances (17)|
The Buffalo Bills are a professional American football team based in the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area. The team is a member of the East division of the American Football Conference (AFC) in the National Football League (NFL). The team plays their home games at Ralph Wilson Stadium in Orchard Park, New York. The Bills are the only NFL team that plays its home games in New York State. (The New York Giants and New York Jets play at MetLife Stadium, located in East Rutherford, New Jersey). The Bills conduct summer training camp at St. John Fisher College in Pittsford, New York, an eastern suburb of Rochester.
The Bills began play as an original franchise of the American Football League (AFL) in 1960. The club joined the NFL as a result of the AFL–NFL merger for the 1970 season. The 1964 and 1965 Bills were the only teams representing Buffalo that won major league professional sports championships ("back-to-back" American Football League Championships). The Bills are the only team to win four consecutive conference championships, and are the only NFL team to play in four consecutive Super Bowl games, all of which they lost. The team was owned by Ralph Wilson from the team's founding in 1960, until his death in 2014 at the age of 95. After his death, Wilson's estate reached an agreement to sell the team to Terry and Kim Pegula, which was approved by the other NFL team owners on October 8, 2014. The team has featured many of the league's most prominent and popular players, including QB Jack Kemp, FB Cookie Gilchrist, G Bob Kalsu, RB O. J. Simpson, DE Bruce Smith, QB Jim Kelly, RB Thurman Thomas, and WR Andre Reed. The Bills have the longest playoff drought in the NFL: they have not made the playoffs since 1999 and are the only team that has not appeared in the NFL playoffs so far in the 21st century.
- 1 History
- 2 Logos and uniforms
- 3 Playoffs
- 4 Coaches of note
- 5 Players
- 6 Radio and television
- 7 Training camp sites
- 8 Mascots, cheerleaders and marching band
- 9 Supporters
- 10 In popular culture
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The Bills began competitive play in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League lead by head coach Buster Ramsey and joined the NFL as part of the AFL-NFL merger in 1970. The Bills won two consecutive American Football League titles in 1964 and 1965, but the club has yet to win a league championship since.
Once the AFL–NFL merger took effect, the Bills became the second NFL team to represent the city; they followed the Buffalo All-Americans, a charter member of the league. Buffalo had been left out of the league since the All-Americans (by that point renamed the Bisons) folded in 1929; the Bills were no less than the third professional non-NFL team to compete in the city before the merger, following the Indians/Tigers of the early 1940s and another team named the Bills in the late 1940s.
Buffalo’s team in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC) in 1946 was the Bisons. In 1947 a contest was held to rename the team, which was owned by James Breuil of the Frontier Oil Company. The winning entry suggested Bills, reflecting on the famous western frontiersman, Buffalo Bill Cody. Carrying the “frontier” theme further, the winning contestant further offered that the team was being supported by Frontier Oil and was “opening a new frontier in sports in Western New York.” When Buffalo joined the new American Football League in 1960, the name of the city’s earlier pro football entry was adopted.
After being pushed to the brink of failure in the mid-1980s, the collapse of the United States Football League and a string of high draft picks allowed the Bills to rebuild into a perennial contender in the late 1980s through the mid-1990s, a period in which the team won four consecutive AFC Championships; the team nevertheless lost all four subsequent Super Bowls, records in both categories that still stand. The rise of the division rival New England Patriots under Tom Brady, along with numerous failed attempts at rebuilding in the 2000s (decade), have prevented the Bills from reaching the playoffs since 1999, a 15-year drought that is the longest active playoff drought in the league. On October 8, 2014, Terry and Kim Pegula received unanimous approval to acquire the Bills during the NFL owner's meetings.
Logos and uniforms
The Bills' uniforms in its first two seasons were based on those of the Detroit Lions at the time. The team's original colors were light blue, silver and white, and the helmets were silver with no striping. There was no logo on the helmet, which displayed the players' numbers on each side.
In 1962, the standing red bison was designated as the logo and took its place on a white helmet. In 1962, the team's colors also changed to red, white, and blue. The team switched to blue jerseys with red and white "LSU" stripes on the shoulders. the helmets were white with a red center stripe. The jerseys again saw a change in 1964 when the shoulder stripes were replaced by a distinctive stripe pattern on the sleeves consisting of four stripes, two thicker inner stripes and two thinner outer stripes all bordered by red piping. By 1965, red and blue center stripes were put on the helmets.
The Bills introduced blue pants worn with the white jerseys in 1973, the last year of the standing buffalo helmet. The blue pants remained through 1985. The face mask on the helmet was blue from 1974 through 1986 before changing to white.
The standing bison logo was replaced by a blue charging one with a red slanting stripe streaming from its horn. The newer emblem, which is still the primary one used by the franchise, was designed by aerospace designer Stevens Wright in 1974.
In 1984, the helmet's background color was changed from white to red, primarily to help Bills quarterback Joe Ferguson distinguish them more readily from three of their division rivals at that time, the Baltimore Colts, the Miami Dolphins, and the New England Patriots, who all also wore white helmets at that point. Ferguson said that "Everyone we played had white helmets at that time. Our new head coach Kay Stephenson just wanted to get more of a contrast on the field that may help spot a receiver down the field." (The Patriots now use a silver helmet, the Colts have since been realigned to the AFC South, and the New York Jets, who switched to green helmets after the 1978 season, have since switched back to white helmets.)
In 2002, under the direction of general manager Tom Donahoe, the Bills' uniforms went through radical changes. A darker shade of blue was introduced as the main jersey color, and nickel gray was introduced as an accent color. Both the blue and white jerseys featured red side panels. The white jerseys included a dark blue shoulder yoke and royal blue numbers. The helmet remained primarily red with one navy blue, two nickel, two royal blue, two white stripes, and white face mask. A new logo, a stylized "B" consisting of two bullets and a more detailed buffalo head on top, was proposed and had been released (it can be seen on a few baseball caps that were released for sale), but fan backlash led to the team retaining the running bison logo. The helmet logo adopted in 1974—a charging royal blue bison, with a red streak, white horn and eyeball—remained unchanged.
In 2005, the Bills revived the standing bison helmet and uniform of the mid-1960s as a throwback uniform.
The Bills usually wore the all-blue combination at home and the all-white combination on the road when not wearing the throwback uniforms. They stopped wearing blue-on-white after 2006, while the white-on-blue was not worn after 2007.
For the 2011 season, the Bills unveiled a new uniform design, an updated rendition of the 1975–83 design. This change includes a return to the white helmets with "charging buffalo" logo, and a return to royal blue instead of navy.
Buffalo sporadically wore white at home in the 1980s, but stopped doing so before their Super Bowl years. On November 6, 2011, against the New York Jets, the Bills wore white at home for the first time since 1986 and did so again on November 15, 2012, against the Miami Dolphins. Buffalo wore white at home twice during the 2013 season.
- 1963 AFL Eastern Division Playoff: Boston Patriots 26, Buffalo Bills 8
- 1964 AFL Championship: Buffalo Bills 20, San Diego Chargers 7
- 1965 AFL Championship: Buffalo Bills 23, San Diego Chargers 0
- 1966 AFL Championship: Kansas City Chiefs 31, Buffalo Bills 7
- 1974 Divisional Playoffs: Pittsburgh Steelers 32, Buffalo Bills 14
- 1980 Divisional Playoffs: San Diego Chargers 20, Buffalo Bills 14
- 1981 Wild Card Game: Buffalo Bills 31, New York Jets 27
- 1981 Divisional Playoffs: Cincinnati Bengals 28, Buffalo Bills 21
- 1988 Divisional Playoffs: Buffalo Bills 17, Houston Oilers 10
- 1988 AFC Championship: Cincinnati Bengals 21, Buffalo Bills 10
- 1989 Divisional Playoffs: Cleveland Browns 34, Buffalo Bills 30
- 1990 Divisional Playoffs: Buffalo Bills 44, Miami Dolphins 34
- 1990 AFC Championship: Buffalo Bills 51, Los Angeles Raiders 3
- Super Bowl XXV: New York Giants 20, Buffalo Bills 19
- 1991 Divisional Playoffs: Buffalo Bills 37, Kansas City Chiefs 14
- AFC Championship: Buffalo Bills 10, Denver Broncos 7
- Super Bowl XXVI: Washington Redskins 37, Buffalo Bills 24
- 1992 AFC Wild Card Game: Buffalo Bills 41, Houston Oilers 38 OT
- 1992 AFC Divisional Playoffs: Buffalo Bills 24, 1992 Pittsburgh Steelers 3
- 1992 AFC Championship: Buffalo Bills 29, Miami Dolphins 10
- Super Bowl XXVII: Dallas Cowboys 52, Buffalo Bills 17
- 1993 Divisional Playoffs: Buffalo Bills 29, Los Angeles Raiders 23
- AFC Championship: Buffalo Bills 30, Kansas City Chiefs 13
- Super Bowl XXVIII: Dallas Cowboys 30, Buffalo Bills 13
- 1995 Wild Card Game: Buffalo Bills 37, Miami Dolphins 22
- 1995 Divisional Playoffs: Pittsburgh Steelers 40, Buffalo Bills 21
- 1996 Wild Card Game: Jacksonville Jaguars 30, Buffalo Bills 27
- 1998 Wild Card Game: Miami Dolphins 24, Buffalo Bills 17
- 1999 Wild Card Game: Tennessee Titans 22, Buffalo Bills 16
- Playoff record: 14 wins, 15 losses
|Buffalo Bills retired numbers|
|12||Jim Kelly||QB||1986–96||Previously worn by Joe Ferguson, QB, 1973–84, and Daryle Lamonica, QB, 1963–66.|
The only number officially retired is the #12 worn by Kelly, although the Bills have other numbers no longer issued to any player or in reduced circulation:
- Unofficially retired:
- 32 O. J. Simpson, RB, 1969–77
- 34 Thurman Thomas, RB, 1988–99; previously worn by Cookie Gilchrist, RB, 1962–64
- 78 Bruce Smith, DE, 1985–99 (guard Ruben Brown used 78 as his practice jersey but wore 79 on the field)
- Reduced circulation:
- 44 Elbert Dubenion, WR, 1960–68
- 66 Billy Shaw, OG, 1961–69
- 83 Andre Reed, WR, 1985–99 (Lee Evans III wore #83 by special permission)
Since the earliest days of the team, the number 31 was not supposed to be issued to any other player. The Bills had stationery and various other team merchandise showing a running player wearing that number, and it was not supposed to represent any specific person, but the 'spirit of the team.' The tradition was broken in 1969 when reserve running back Preston Ridlehuber was issued number 31 for one game while his normal number 36 jersey was repaired by equipment manager Tony Marchitte. The number 31 was not issued again until 1990 when first round draft choice James (J.D.) Williams wore it for his first two seasons. The number has since been released for use by any player and is currently worn by practice squad defensive back Kenny Ladler.
Ralph C. Wilson, Jr. Distinguished Service Award Recipients
Buffalo Bills Wall of Fame
Pro Football Hall Of Fame
- O. J. Simpson (1985)
- Billy Shaw (1999)
- Marv Levy (2001)
- Jim Kelly (2002)
- James Lofton (2003)
- Joe DeLamielleure (2003)
- Thurman Thomas (2007)
- Bruce Smith (2009)
- Ralph Wilson (2009)
- Andre Reed (2014)
- Bill Polian (2015)
All-time first round draft picks
Recent Pro Bowl selections
Coaches of note
Buffalo Bills staff
Radio and television
The Buffalo Bills Radio Network is flagshipped at WGR, AM 550 in Buffalo. John Murphy is the team's current play-by-play announcer; he was a color commentator alongside, and eventually succeeded, longtime voice Van Miller after Miller's retirement at the end of the 2003 NFL season. Mark Kelso serves as the color analyst. The Bills radio network has approximately seventeen affiliates in upstate New York and one affiliate, CJCL 590AM (The Fan) in Toronto. As of early 2012, it is composed mostly of WGR, Entercom's sister stations WCMF (96.5 FM) and WROC-AM 950 in Rochester, and a fleet of independent AM and FM stations across upstate New York from Jamestown east to Albany. Previous flagship Citadel Broadcasting was purchased by Cumulus Media, who in turn ceased carrying Bills games at the end of the 2011 season, leaving the network without affiliates in Syracuse, Binghamton, and Erie. (The Syracuse affiliations were later picked up by Galaxy Communications.)
Buffalo is one of ten teams that is contracted with Compass Media Networks to syndicate selected games nationwide.
During the preseason, most games are televised on Buffalo's ABC affiliate, WKBW-TV channel 7, with several other affiliates in western New York. These games are simulcast on sister stations WTVH in Syracuse, WICU in Erie, WHAM-TV in Rochester, and beginning in 2008, CITY-TV in Toronto. CBS analyst and former Bills special teams player Steve Tasker does color commentary on these games; the play-by-play position is rotated between his CBS partner Andrew Catalon and Rob Stone. WHAM-TV sports anchor Mike Catalana is the sideline reporter. Since 2008, preseason games have been broadcast in high definition.
In the event that regular season games are broadcast by ESPN, WKBW-TV will also hold the broadcast rights to that contest, with the station having won back the rights to cable games after WBBZ-TV held the rights for 2012 and 2013.
Training camp sites
- 1960–1962 Roycroft Inn, East Aurora, New York
- 1963–1967 Camelot Hotel, Blasdell, New York
- 1968–1980 Niagara University, Lewiston, New York
- 1981–1999 State University of New York at Fredonia, Fredonia, New York
- 2000–present, St. John Fisher College, Pittsford, New York
Mascots, cheerleaders and marching band
The Bills currently do not have cheerleaders. The Bills employed the Buffalo Jills, an independent organization, from 1967 to 2013; the Jills suspended operations prior to the 2014 season due to legal actions.
The Bills are one of six teams in the NFL to designate an official marching band or drumline (the others being the Baltimore Ravens, Washington Redskins, New York Jets, Carolina Panthers and Seattle Seahawks). Since the last game of the 2013 season, this position has been served by the Stampede Drumline. The Bills have also used the marching bands from Attica High School, the University of Pittsburgh and Syracuse University at home games in recent years.
The Bills have several theme songs associated with them. One is a variation of the Isley Brothers hit Shout, which served as the Bills' official promotional song throughout the 1980s and 1990s. It was officially replaced circa 2000 with "The Power of the Bills," although "Shout" remains in use. The Bills' unofficial fight song, "Go Bills," was penned by Bills head coach Marv Levy in the mid-1990s on a friendly wager with his players that he will write the song if the team won a particular game.
The Bills Backers are the official fan organization of the Buffalo Bills. It has over 200 chapters across North America, Europe and Oceania. Also notable is the Bills Mafia, a collection of Bills fans that organized via Twitter beginning in 2010.
In popular culture
Buffalo's rivalry with the Miami Dolphins is referenced on Steve Martin's 1979 album Comedy Is Not Pretty! on the track "How To Meet A Girl." On the track, Martin simulates chatter about football at a party and one "partier" expresses disbelief that Buffalo could beat Miami – at the time of the album's release, the Dolphins had won 18 straight games over the Bills.
In the 1996 X-Files episode "Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man", the titular character, a member of a shadowy government cabal, states that the Buffalo Bills will not win a Super Bowl while he lives.
Actor Dean Cain was briefly a member of the Bills. Because of this, references to the Bills have appeared in the television series Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, in which Cain played the title character. The first episode of season four, titled "Lord of the Flys", Clark picks up a blue Buffalo Bills hat with the Charging Buffalo emblem in the center and uses it to help disguise himself. In a later episode, he lets it be known that the Metropolis Mammoths were playing the Bills.
The Bills are one of the favorite teams of ESPN announcer Chris Berman, who picked the Bills to reach the Super Bowl nearly every year in the 1990s. Berman often uses the catchphrase "No one circles the wagons like the Buffalo Bills!" Berman gave the induction speech for Bills owner Ralph Wilson when Wilson was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2009. The Bills were also the favorite team of late NBC political commentator Tim Russert, a South Buffalo native, who often referred to the Bills on his Sunday morning talk show, Meet the Press. ESPN anchor Kevin Connors is also a noted Bills fan, dating to his time attending Ithaca College. Actor Nick Bakay, a Buffalo native, is also a well-known Bills fan; he has discussed the team in segments of NFL Top 10.
In an April 2011 episode of the television series 30 Rock, titled "100", Alec Baldwin's character Jack Donaghy discovers that, in an alternate future, he would not only be wealthier and more successful, but he would also be the owner of a "New York football team." He later is disappointed to learn that the team is not the New York Giants or New York Jets, but the Buffalo Bills.
The Bills are the team that eventually unseats the Orlando Breakers, the fictional NFL team that serves as the focus of the sitcom Coach in later seasons, in the playoffs.
In an March 2014 episode of the television series Family Guy entitled "3 Acts of God", Peter Griffin—along with his family and friends—attends a game between the Buffalo Bills and New England Patriots at Gillette Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts—a game in which the Bills win. The episode also features animated C.J. Spiller and Mario Williams characters with their actual voices used.
Several former Buffalo Bills players have earned a name in politics after their playing careers had ended, almost always as members of the Republican Party. The most famous of these was quarterback Jack Kemp, who was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Western New York in 1971—two years after his playing career ended and remained there for nearly two decades, serving as the Republican Party nominee for Vice President of the United States under Bob Dole in 1996. Kemp's backup, Ed Rutkowski, served as county executive of Erie County from 1979 to 1987. Former tight end Jay Riemersma, defensive tackle Fred Smerlas and defensive end Phil Hansen have all run for Congress, though all three either lost or withdrew from their respective races. Quarterback Jim Kelly and running back Thurman Thomas have also both been mentioned as potential candidates for political office, although both have declined all requests to date.
- Hanzus, Dan (October 10, 2014). "Bills introduce Terry and Kim Pegula as new owners". National Football League. Retrieved July 5, 2015.
- "Training Camp". Buffalo Bills. September 1, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- Sessler, Marc (8 October 2014). "Bills sale to Terry, Kim Pegula unanimously approved". NFL.com. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- "History: History of NFL franchises, 1920–present". Pro Football Hall of Fame. February 7, 2010. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- Sessler, Mark (October 8, 2014). "Bills sale to Terry, Kim Pegula unanimously approved". NFL.com. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Warner, Gene. "Bills logo was artist's crowning achievement," The Buffalo (NY) News, Tuesday, April 9, 2013.
- "Elbert Dubenion – 1960". Hometown.aol.com. Retrieved December 30, 2010.[unreliable source?]
- http://hometown.aol.com/bkbubco/62-Buf.html[dead link]
- "Untold uniform stories: Fergie behind helmet color change". Buffalo Bills. Retrieved June 24, 2011.
- Brown, Chris (June 24, 2011). "Bills put charge in new uniforms". Buffalo Bills. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
- "Fashion forward: Bills unveil brand-new uniforms for 2011". National Football League. June 24, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
- NFL Record and fact Book ISBN 978-1-60320-833-8
- Brown, Chris (June 17, 2011). "The untouchable numbers". Buffalo Bills. Retrieved July 5, 2015.
- BMark Gaughan (August 6, 2010). "The billboard: A daily dose from Bills training camp". The Buffalo News. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
- Sullivan, Jerry (June 29, 2015). "Door may be ajar to honor Bills greats Saban, Gilchrist". The Buffalo News. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Bruce Smith named to Bills Wall of Fame". NFL.com. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
- New Wall of Famer named
- Steady Hansen will go on Bills' Wall of Fame
- Polian named Bills 28th Wall of Famer
- Pollock, Chuck (May 18, 2014). Time for Van to join Bills’ Wall of Fame. Olean Times Herald. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Bills Pro Football Hall of Fame Players". Buffalobills.com. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- Buffalo Bills Training Camp History
- Kwiatkowski-Radlich, Jane (September 13. 2014). With no Jills to lead cheers, the job of drumming up fan excitement falls to the Stampede. Buffalo Bills. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- Mooshil, Maria (December 1, 2006). "10 more things to know about Bears fight song". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
- Bills Backers info page on BuffaloBills.com
- BillsMafia information page.
- "Bills make primetime appearance on Family Guy". buffalobills.com. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
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