EMD GT22 Series

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EMD GT22 Series
General Motors GT-22CW - Ferrosur Roca.jpg
Ferrosur Roca GT22CW #9015 by Astarsa transporting empty coal hoppers.
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-electric
Builder Astarsa, Đuro Đaković, Equipamentos Villares S.A., Electro-Motive Division, General Motors Diesel & Henschel & Sohn GmbH.
Model GT22CW, GT22CU, GT22CW-2, GT22HW-2, GT22CUM-1, GT22CUM-2, GT22LC & GT22LC-2
Build date June 1972 - December 1997
Total produced 473
Specifications
Configuration:
 • AAR Co'– Co' (GT22CW & GT22CW-2) & A-1-A (GT22HW-2)
Gauge 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Wheel diameter 40 in (1,016 mm)
Wheelbase 11 ft 11 in (3.63 m) between bolsters; 6 ½' ft (1.98 m) between axles in each truck
Length 57 ft (17,374 mm) over the coupler pulling faces
Width 9 ft 3 in (2.834 m) over the grabirons
Height 13 ft 2.5 in (4,03 mts)
Loco weight 107 tons (107,752 kg)
Fuel capacity 1,700 - 3,000 US gal (6434 - 11,355 L)
Prime mover 12-645E3
Aspiration Turbocharged - Intercooler
Generator Alternator AR10 & D14
Traction motors EMD D 77 B
Cylinders V12 - 45 Deg
Loco brake Westinghouse - WXOV - 26 LAV
Performance figures
Maximum speed 65 - 93 MPH (105 - 150 KM)
Power output 2,475 HP (1845 Kw) - 2,250 HP in coupler
Career
Nicknames "Stretch", "Karavela/Mala Karavela" (GT22HW-2)
Locale Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Botswana, DR Congo, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Yugoslavia & Zimbabwe

The EMD GT22 Series were first introduced in 1972 after the rise in popularity of six axle locomotives. The GT series now carried a turbocharger that increased the horsepower depending on customer input. The GT series also utilized six axle HTC Trucks, which allowed the locomotive to haul heavier loads at slower speeds with minimal wheelslip.

The GT22C series also gave itself various individual designations depending on customer input. Standard suffixes after the model designation were either a U or W suffix to indicate the type of traction motors. A C generally indicated six axle trucks but due to a six axle locomotive being too oversized for most second and third world countries, EMD developed the L suffix to indicate the locomotive was constructed with a Lightweight frame. EMD Dash 2 electronics also became a popular choice for the export railroads by the late 1970s.

These designations could apply to any kind of export locomotive design of EMD or another licensee of EMD as long as the electrical & mechanical gear was left unaltered.

Overview[edit]

With the introduction of the 645 engine for export models in 1967, the model designation numbers changed by adding 10 to the designation of a similar model (For example: the G12 now became the G22). To meet customer demands of a six axle version of the popular G12, EMD created the GR12 which was slightly longer and taller to accommodate the Type-C trucks.

EMD then designed the GT22 model to accommodate the HT-C truck first found on the American EMD SD45X. Extending the carbody and increasing the fuel tank capacity, the GT22C series was introduced. Production spanned longer than the four axle G22 version, but with smaller orders.

Several models were introduced:

  • GT22CW
  • GT22CU
  • GT22CW-2
  • GT22HW-2
  • GT22CUM-1
  • GT22CUM-2
  • GT22LC
  • GT22LC-2

GT22CW[edit]

The EMD GT22CW was first appeared in 1972 and now carried a CW suffix which indicated that this model had six axles (C) and traction motors that could fit from Standard Gauge rails to 5' 6 (1,676 mt) gauge rails (W). Another new suffix introduced to this model was the T, which indicated the use of a turbocharger.

The GT22CW found most of its popularity in Argentina, while two unusual orders went to the Saudi Railways Organization in Saudi Arabia & the Société Nationale des Transports Ferroviaires of Algeria.

Production spanned from July 1972 to February 1988

EMD GT22CW Orders
Builder Country Railroad Quantity Road Numbers Notes
GMD Algeria Société Nationale des Transports Ferroviaires 25 060DL1 - 060DL25
EMD & ASTARSA Argentina Ferrocarriles Argentinos 79 9001 - 9064, 9201 - 9215 9001 - 9025 & 9201 - 9215 built by EMD, 9026 - 9064 built by ASTARSA
EMD Saudi Arabia Saudi Railways Organization 3 2001–2003

GT22CU[edit]

GT22CU in San Antonio de los Cobres, Argentina

The EMD GT22CU was first appeared in 1972. Designed mainly for the narrow gauge market, the GT22CU now carried a CU suffix which indicated that this model had six axles (C) and traction motors that could fit from one meter to 5' 6 gauge rails (U). Another new suffix introduced to this model was the T, which indicated the use of a turbocharger.

The GT22CU was purchased by the Ferrocarriles Argentinos from June 1972 to January 1980.

EMD GT22CU Orders
Builder Country Railroad Quantity Road Numbers Notes
EMD & ASTARSA Argentina Ferrocarriles Argentinos 54 9701 - 9754 9701 - 9720 built by EMD, 9721 - 9754 built by ASTARSA

GT22CW-2[edit]

The EMD GT22CW-2 was first appeared in 1988 and now carried a CW suffix which indicated that this model had six axles (C) and traction motors that could fit from Standard Gauge rails to 5' 6 gauge rails (W). Another new suffix introduced to this model was the T, which indicated the use of a turbocharger. Finally, this model now carried the popular EMD Dash 2 electronics which improved its reliability.

The GT22CW-2 found most of its popularity in Argentina and even after the breakup of Ferrocarriles Argentinos, did the successors of that company continued to purchase more GT22CW-2s.

Production spanned from March 1988 to December 1997.

EMD GT22CW-2 Orders
Builder Country Railroad Quantity Road Numbers Notes
ASTARSA Argentina Ferrocarriles Argentinos 25 9065 - 9089
EMD Argentina San Martín Line 5 A913 to A917 Gauged to 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mt) 12-645E3C - Build date 1997
EMD Argentina Roca Line 10 A908 to A912 & A918 to A922 Gauged to 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mt) 12-645E3C - Build date 1997
HDRS South Korea Hyundai Cement Company 1 Unknown Built by Hyundai Rolling Stock Co., later known as Hyundai Precision (Present day successor is: Hyundai Rotem)

GT22HW-2[edit]

Hrvatske Željeznice ĐĐ GT22HW-2 #2044.001

The GT22HW-2 was a departure from the standard production of the GT22 Series as it was a custom model designed to meet the conditions of Yugoslavia. This multipurpose locomotive was introduced with a turbocharger (T), Head End Power (H) for passenger use and EMD Dash 2 Electronics (-2), with an A1A-A1A axle arrangement. Due to the locomotive's compact appearance, the length was shortened by 1.25 feet (381 mm) from a normal GT22CW-2. Thirty four of these locomotives were manufactured by Đuro Đaković between February 1981 and August 1984. Since Yugoslavia had various languages arising from the ethnicities in the country, the locomotives were given four different lettering variations:

EMD GT22HW-2 Orders
Builder Country Railroad Quantity Road Numbers Notes
Đuro Đaković Yugoslavia Yugoslav Railways 34 645.001 - 645.034 .001 - .030 are lettered JUGOSLAVENSKE ŽELJEZNICE (Croatian)

.031 - .032 are lettered ЈУГОСЛОВЕНСКE ЖЕЛЕЗНИЦE (Serbian Cyrillic)

.033 - .034 are lettered JUGOSLOVENSKE ŽELEZNICE - HEKURUDHAT JUGOSLLAVE (Serbian Latin/Albanian)

GT22CUM[edit]

First introduced in January 1982, the GT22CUM series were locomotives were a powerful single-engined locomotive with light weight per-axle. Designed exclusively for the RFFSA by Equipmentos Villares S.A., the GT22CUM now carried a CU suffix which indicated that this model had six axles (C) and traction motors that could fit from one meter to 5' 6 gauge rails (U). Two custom designations were introduced for this locomotive: M for Meter Gauge and -1/-2 to indicate a Type 1 or Type 2 model.

  • The Type 1 Model is distinguished by not including an air reservoir on both sides of the carbody.
  • The Type 2 Model is distinguished by an extended nose and an air reservoir on both sides of the carbody.

Production spanned from January 1982 to May 1986.

EMD GT22CUM-1/GT22CUM-2 Orders
Builder Country Model Railroad Quantity Road Numbers Notes
EVSA Brazil GT22CUM-1 Rede de Viação Paraná-Santa Catarina (RFFSA) 30 2501–2530
EVSA Brazil GT22CUM-1 Viação Férrea do Rio Grande do Sul (RFFSA) 22 6451 - 6472
EVSA Brazil GT22CUM-2 Rede Ferroviária Federal Sociedade Anônima (RFFSA) 10 4563 - 4662

All subsidiaries of the RFFSA were consolidated in 1983 with the introduction of the SIGO System by the federal government.

GT22LC[edit]

When most second and third world railroads couldn't operate standard EMD GT22s due to their weight, EMD introduced the GT22LC; which is the same as a GT22C, but now incorporated with a much lighter (L) frame to handle harsher conditions than normal while still equipped with a turbocharger. Due to the lightweight frame, the U or W suffixes no longer applied as the locomotive was designed to handle any rail gauge the locomotive is applied to.

Production spanned from February 1985 to August 1986.

EMD GT22LC Orders
Builder Country Railroad Quantity Road Numbers Notes
GMD Botswana Botswana Railways 20 D013 - D032
GMD DR Congo Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer du Congo 8 CC501 - CC508 Paint scheme is the same as the SNTF GT22CW order

GT22LC-2[edit]

Basically the same as the GT22LC, the GT22LC-2 now added EMD Dash 2 Electronics while still retaining a turbocharger. Due to the Lightweight frame, the U or W suffixes no longer applied.

Production spanned from November 1981 to November 1996.

EMD GT22LC-2 Orders
Builder Country Railroad Quantity Gauge Road Numbers Notes
GMD Ivory Coast Régie des Chemins de Fer Abidjan-Niger 25 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) CC2201 - CC2225 Generally lettered RAN
GMD Mali Régie du Chemin de fer du Mali 8 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) CC2283 - CC2290
GMD Mozambique Portos e Caminhos de Ferro de Moçambique 10 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) D301 - D310 Equipped with modern-day Cowcatchers
Henschel & Son Nigeria Nigerian Railway Corporation 10 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) 1901–1910
EMD Senegal Société d'Exploitation Ferroviaire des ICS (Indistruies Chimiques du Sénégal) 4 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) 2461–2464
EMD & GMD Senegal Société Nationale des Chemins de fer du Sénégal 11 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) CC2476 - CC2477 & CC2481 - CC2489 CC2476, CC2477 & CC2481 - CC2484 built by GMD &
CC2484 - CC2489 built by EMD
EMD & GMD Zimbabwe National Railways of Zimbabwe 61 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) 1001–1061 1001 - 1035 built by EMD &
1036 - 1061 built by GMD

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]