Eagle (automobile)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Product typePassenger and sports cars, luxury sedans
OwnerChrysler Corporation
Produced byChrysler Corporation
DiscontinuedJuly 4, 1999; 24 years ago (1999-07-04)
Related brandsChrysler, Dodge

Eagle was a brand of the Chrysler Corporation following the purchase of American Motors Corporation (AMC) in 1987 and marketed through the end of the 1998 model year. It was aimed at the enthusiast driver and promoted as more "European" than the automaker's similar models.[1]

Chrysler took the "Eagle" name from the four-wheel drive AMC Eagle models that were introduced for the 1980 model year.[2][3] This was the last of American Motors' wholly U.S.-designed vehicles and one of the first modern mass-production crossover vehicles. The Eagle name also appeared on several Jeep trim packages and unique models that included the J-10 pickup trucks, the wide-track Cherokee SJ, as well as the CJ-5 and CJ-7 models starting in 1976.[4][5] American Motors also launched an entirely new front-wheel-drive sedan, the Eagle Premier that was developed with Renault, AMC's French partner before Chrysler purchased AMC.[6]

Various imported and domestic-built vehicles were marketed, primarily by former AMC dealers along with Jeep products, until the brand was discontinued in 1998. The 1993 through 1997 Eagle Vision sedan sold in respectable numbers, with 115,699 built, while the sporty Eagle Talons were made in two generations from 1990 until 1998, with more than 200,000 produced.[7][8] Most significantly, the Eagle Premier was the basis for Chrysler's successful series of "LH" models that were introduced for 1993.[9]


Following the introduction of General Motors' Saturn brand automobile, Chrysler promised a similar new brand designed to take Saturn on with innovative design and building methods.[10] In a press release by then Chrysler Chairman Lee Iacocca, it was indicated that Chrysler was working on a car that would be known as the "Liberty" which aimed to achieve significant cost savings.[11] However, these plans never reached fruition. Popular Mechanics reported that Chrysler's Liberty project attempts at using the K-car platform would be replaced by the AMC-developed Premier.[12] The Liberty name was applied for a Jeep model starting with the 2002 model year.

The main objective of Chrysler acquiring American Motors was the long-established Jeep vehicles, but Renault forced the company to take on the contractual obligations of the passenger car models as part of the deal.[13] Another major factor was that, due to state franchise laws, Chrysler could not start selling Jeeps through their existing dealer networks, nor could ex-AMC dealers begin to sell other Chrysler products.[14] Thus, the Eagle marque was born.[13][15]

Under new ownership, Chrysler quickly discontinued the domestic-built front-wheel drive Alliance and Encore that were developed under Renault (plans by AMC to import the Renault Espace minivan and the Alpine GTA halo car were also scrapped), but continued to build the four-wheel drive AMC Eagle crossover.[16] It was now called Eagle Wagon and marketed into the 1988 model year until production ended in December. This meant the Brampton Assembly (AMC) manufacturing capacity could be used for making more Jeeps.[17] Moreover, Chrysler kept AMC's long-established Eagle brand by continuing to import the mid-sized Renault 21 (now named Eagle Medallion) as well as starting production of the Renault 25-based full-size sedan that was developed by AMC (now named Eagle Premier).[16]


To consolidate the marketing and maintain distribution through AMC dealerships following the 1987 acquisition, the Jeep/Eagle division of Chrysler Corporation was formed.[18] Chrysler's initial problem was that unlike the Big Three, which had multiple brands under their corporate name, American Motors had sold passenger cars under its corporate initials of "AMC" since 1970. Thus, without having a separate brand from the now-defunct company, Chrysler looked to re-brand the legacy vehicles inherited through the purchase of AMC under the Eagle name instead of trying to fold those outside-designed products into Chrysler's existing branch structure (which, as mentioned, was unable to be done at the time).

Unlike Chrysler, Dodge, and Plymouth branded automobiles, the Eagle models lacked the Chrysler Corporation "pentastar" logo. Instead, all models prominently featured the Eagle head logo.

Two of Eagle's first models, the Eagle Premier and the Eagle Medallion, were designed by AMC in cooperation with its former corporate partner (and 46.4 percent owner), Renault.[19] The remainder of the brand's cars were rebadged versions of cars sold by other Chrysler Corporation divisions, as well as somecaptive imports produced by Mitsubishi Motors. At one point, an Eagle variant of Chrysler's popular AS platform minivan was in the planning stages, but this variant never made it to market.[20]

Throughout its history, the Eagle brand needed more product recognition, although its Premier was technically more advanced than anything offered by Chrysler. Most of Eagle's models were available in Chrysler-Plymouth, Dodge, and Mitsubishi dealerships under different guises. Chrysler was in financial difficulty at the end of the 1980s and did not have the funds to spread to its new automotive division. Moreover, Jeep vehicles were quite popular and profitable, so most of the division's marketing resources flowed to the Jeep product range. Since Jeep's products had better recognition and higher profit margins, many dealers emphasized Jeeps. They considered the Eagle line of passenger cars to be a distraction to that business. Their sales and service expertise was primarily in the four-wheel drive Jeeps and AMC's Eagle all-wheel-drive models.

Furthermore, following Chrysler's acquisition of AMC, the dealership network was realigned. Some former AMC/Jeep dealers were consolidated with Chrysler-Plymouth franchises. Up to this point, Chrysler-Plymouth outlets needed a sport utility vehicle (SUV) to sell, and adding the Jeep line helped dealers offer customers a range of vehicles in a rapidly growing market segment. The merger may have helped the individual dealerships that signed on. Still, it caused the nascent Eagle division and its largely derivative models to compete unfavorably for attention with Chrysler's and Plymouth's often similar, but longer-established and better-recognized lines of passenger cars.

Phase out[edit]

The Eagle brand was phased out in stages. In 1996, Chrysler discontinued the Mitsubishi Mirage-based Eagle Summit, having discontinued the nearly identical Dodge Colt and Plymouth Colt models after the 1994 model year. After a decade of slow sales, Chrysler announced the discontinuation of the Eagle brand in September 1997, and the last 1998 Eagle Talon rolled off the line after that.[21] In 1997, the Eagle Vision was discontinued at the end of its design cycle. However, the similar Dodge Intrepid and Chrysler Concorde were redesigned for 1998 and continued through 2004. Only the Mitsubishi Eclipse-based Eagle Talon remained for 1998, after which it, along with the Eagle brand itself, was discontinued.

Chrysler had initially planned to redesign the Eagle Vision for 1999. Prototypes were spotted wearing the Eagle logo. Vision production continued into September 1997 to provide dealers with enough stock of the older car to carry them through to the new car's introduction. However, Chrysler executives decided to pull the plug on the Eagle brand just a few months later. The car they were working on went on to be marketed as the Chrysler 300M.[22]

The AMC name disappeared with Chrysler's acquisition of the independent automaker, "but the Eagle name carried on, worn by various Renault- and Mitsubishi-sourced models through the 1990s, when it was finally retired in 1998."[23] Those Eagle cars failed because the automaker did not have a coherent marketing strategy for the mix of models and they also lacked effective promotional efforts in the automotive marketplace.[1] In the end, "Chrysler wasn't fully committed to the nameplate and also left consumers confused about what an Eagle was -- if they knew the name at all."[1]

Eagle cars marketed by Chrysler[edit]

Eagle Premier
Eagle Summit wagon
1995 Eagle Talon
Eagle Vision

The continuation of the AMC Eagle line after Chrysler acquired AMC in only the station wagon body style. Production of the crossover vehicle ended on December 14, 1987. According to the National Automobile Dealers Association NADA Guide, Chrysler's "Eagle was spawned from the buyout of American Motors and their AMC Eagle model."[3]

Also badged as the Renault Medallion in March 1987 as an early 1988 model, this car was imported from France, rebadged as an Eagle for the 1989 model year only, and was very similar to the Renault 21.

Designed by AMC, the Premier was briefly badged as the Renault Premier before launch. Unusual (for an FWD car) in having a longitudinal engine mounting (to accommodate a future AWD version), it shared several parts with the Renault 25, and spawned a rebadged version named Dodge Monaco (1990–1992); this platform was the basis for the 1993 LH cars.[24]

Two models were offered. The 3-door hatchback and 4-door sedan were rebadged Mitsubishi Mirages, and the station wagon (badged as either an Eagle Vista or a Dodge/Plymouth Colt Vista) was a rebadged Mitsubishi Chariot. They were sold only in Canada.

Coupe, sedan, and wagon models were available. The coupe and 1987-1991 sedans were rebadged Mitsubishi Mirages, while the wagon was a rebadged Mitsubishi Expo LRV. The 1991-1996 sedan was a rebadged Dodge/Plymouth Colt.

Like the Plymouth Laser and the Mitsubishi Eclipse, the Talon was Eagle's halo car and outsold its Plymouth cousin. (see also Diamond Star Motors)

A rebadged Mitsubishi Galant, sold only in Canada.

One of Chrysler's three original LH-cars. It was sold in Europe as the Chrysler Vision.

Concept car[edit]

The Eagle Optima was a 1990 concept car.[25] It was a four-door sedan that used cab forward design and was powered by an experimental, 32-valve all-aluminum V8 engine with all-wheel drive.[26]

It was one of a series of concepts (which included the 1987 Lamborghini Portofino and the 1989 Chrysler Millennium) that led up to the 1993 LH Eagle Vision and its siblings.

The Optima's front fascia also inspired that of the 1995-1998 Eagle Talon.


  1. ^ a b c "How Eagle Cars Work". How Stuff Works. June 18, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  2. ^ Radu, Vlad (September 7, 2021). "AMC Eagle: One of the Most Influential Yet Underrated American-Built Vehicles of All Time". autoevolution.com. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  3. ^ a b "1998 Eagle Talon Prices". NADA guides. Retrieved January 22, 2022. A division of Chrysler formed in 1987, Eagle was spawned from the buyout of American Motors and their AMC Eagle model.
  4. ^ McKeown, Bill (June 1977). "New rigs for rough action". Popular Mechanics. Vol. 147, no. 6. pp. 77 and 167. Retrieved January 4, 2023 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Allen, Jim (2004). Jeep Collector's Library. MotorBooks International. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-61059-054-9. Retrieved January 4, 2023 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "1988 Eagle Premier ES: Chrysler's Euro-Sedan Is A Pleasant Surprise". Car and Driver. April 1988. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  7. ^ Wilson, Gerard (November 16, 2020). "Eagle Production Numbers, US and Canada". Allpar. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  8. ^ Trajano, Robin (October 21, 2019). "The Eagle Talon TSi AWD Is an Underappreciated Classic". Motor Trend. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  9. ^ Lewis, Corey (August 23, 2021). "Rare Rides: The Eagle Premier Story, Part VI (The End)". thetruthaboutcars.com. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  10. ^ Torchinsky, Jason (September 11, 2016). "Let Us Remember Eagle, The Car Brand Made Of Four Other Brands From Three Different Countries". Jalopnik. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  11. ^ Lewis, Corey (August 26, 2021). "Abandoned History: Chrysler's Liberty Project, to Saturn or Not to Saturn". thetruthaboutcars.com. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  12. ^ Dunne, Jim (September 1989). "Inside Detroit". Popular Mechanics. Vol. 166, no. 9. p. 45. Retrieved November 8, 2023 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ a b Stoy, Andrew (October 23, 2008). "Whatever Happened To Eagle?". Jalopnik. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  14. ^ "AMC, Last of Its Kind, Fades Into Auto History". The Los Angeles Times. August 6, 1987. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  15. ^ "Jeep Milestones". Automotive News. Vol. The Almanac and Market Data Book. 1996. p. 18.
  16. ^ a b Gold, Aaron (May 2017). "AMC Eagle: No, Seriously, This Was the First Crossover SUV". Autotrader. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  17. ^ "Chrysler Acquires American Motors". U.S. News & World Report. Vol. 102. 1987. p. 84.
  18. ^ Holusha, John (December 9, 1987). "Jeep Dealers Will Sell New Chrysler Eagle Car". The New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  19. ^ Braunsteib, Janet (August 5, 1987). "AMC Shareholder Vote Closes Chrysler Buyout of AMC". Associated Press. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  20. ^ "It almost happened: the Eagle minivan and the new Chrysler LeBaron". .motales.com. Retrieved January 3, 2024.
  21. ^ Fitzgerald, Jacqueline (September 30, 1997). "Chrysler Discontinues Eagle Brand". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  22. ^ "Dodge Intrepid, Eagle Vision, and Chrysler Concorde, 300M, New Yorker, and LHS". Allpar. November 16, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2023. at the last minute, the Eagle Vision was rebadged to create the Chrysler 300M
  23. ^ Carney, Dan (September 26, 2013). "AMC Eagle, the unlikely trail-blazer". BBC Autos. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  24. ^ Strohl, Daniel (May 8, 2020). "What could have been: Chrysler originally intended the LH platform as front-, rear-, and all-wheel drive". hemmings.com. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  25. ^ Dunne, Jim (April 1990). "Detroit Spy Report". Popular Mechanics. Vol. 167, no. 4. p. 50. Retrieved January 4, 2023 – via Google Books.
  26. ^ "1990 Eagle Optima - Concepts". carstyling.ru. Retrieved January 4, 2023.

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