All American Racers
All American Racers is an American auto racing team and constructor based in Santa Ana, California. Founded by Dan Gurney and Carroll Shelby in 1964, All American Racers initially participated in American sports car and Champ Car races as well as international Formula One events with cars named Eagle. The Formula One team, based in the United Kingdom and using British-built Weslake engines was named Anglo American Racers. Under team manager Bill Dunne they set up shop in Rye, East Sussex. The team were adjacent to Harry Weslake's engine development plant and half a mile from Elva cars. They participated in 25 Grands Prix, entering a total of 34 cars.
The first Eagles were created after AAR entered a Goodyear-backed Lotus 38 in the 1965 Indianapolis 500 and Gurney hired former Lotus designer Len Terry to develop their own car for 1966. The resulting Ford-powered Eagle T2G was codeveloped with the Eagle T1G for Formula 1. After exiting Formula One in 1968 and concentrating on Champ Car, Eagle turned to sports car racing in the 1980s, partnering with Toyota to develop the Celica and later sports prototypes for the IMSA GT Championship.
|Base||Rye, East Sussex, UK and Santa Ana, California, USA|
|Formula One World Championship career|
|First entry||1966 Belgian Grand Prix|
|Final entry||1969 Canadian Grand Prix|
In order to run the Formula 1 operations, Gurney established Anglo American Racers. The Eagle T1G, powered by an obsolete Coventry Climax engine, debuted at the 1966 Belgian Grand Prix and scored its first points with a fifth place three weeks later at the French Grand Prix. In 1967 Richie Ginther was signed as a second driver. The Climax engine was replaced by a new 3-liter Weslake V12 designed by Aubrey Woods and built in Great Britain by Harry Weslake. At the 1967 Belgian Grand Prix Gurney got a victory, the first "all-American" victory in a Grand Prix since Jimmy Murphy´s triumph with Duesenberg at the 1921 French Grand Prix. Excluding the Indianapolis 500, this is the only win for a USA-built car as well as one of only two wins of an American-licensed constructor in Formula One.
The Eagle-Weslake was a beautiful and efficient car, one example of which was constructed in titanium and exotic alloys. More than this, the Eagle was designed to make the tall Gurney fit comfortably at the wheel. Their efforts produced a V12 that was smooth and powerful. At Monza, an insight into the future of engine design was seen for the first time. The engine had four valves per cylinder at a narrow included angle (thirty degrees) that allowed a single cover to enclose both the close-spaced camshafts on each bank. The sixty-degree-vee layout had a larger bore than stroke (72.8 X 60mm). Gurney's program ran out of money in 1968 and by the end of the year he returned to the United States to concentrate his efforts on the more successful Indycar program, in which Bobby Unser had won the Indianapolis 500 and the 1968 Indycar Championship. A non-works version briefly appeared with privateer Al Pease in the 1969 Canadian Grand Prix, but Pease became noticed for all the wrong reasons and made history as the only F1 driver ever disqualified for being too slow.
USAC & CART Champ Car
During the USAC years, the Eagle chassis was very successful in the late 1960s and 1970s. Eagles won 51 Champ Car races, including the 1968 and 1975 Indy 500's won by Bobby Unser and the 1973 race won by Gordon Johncock. During this two-decade period, Bobby Unser, who drove Eagle cars for most of his teams, joined AAR as the sole driver, winning the 1975 Indianapolis 500. Unser also claimed 22 wins and 52 podiums with Eagle cars. After Unser's departure from the team for Team Penske, All American Racers started to lose their edge in IndyCar competition. Mike Mosley won a few races for the team before being dismissed at the end of 1982. By 1984, AAR merged with Mike Curb's team to form Curb-All American Racers. After a two-year partnership with Curb, Gurney and Curb parted ways, and this marked the beginning of the end of AAR's time in IndyCar.
The All American Racers team was inactive in single-seaters from 1987 to 1995 and returned in 1996 again building their own chassis and using new Toyota engines. However, this new effort, a combination of new and untested equipment, did not prove to be successful, never winning a race and collecting only occasional top-tens. The team ceased active racing after the 1999 CART season.
- Alex Barron (1998–1999)
- Raul Boesel (1999)
- Geoff Brabham (1981)
- Mike Chandler (1982, 1984)
- Kevin Cogan (1984–1985)
- Juan Manuel Fangio II (1996–1997)
- Pete Halsmer (1984)
- P. J. Jones (1996–1998)
- Jan Lammers (1986)
- Bobby Unser (1972–1978, USAC)
- Andrea Montermini (1999)
- Rocky Moran (1981)
- Mike Mosley (1979–1981)
- Ed Pimm (1984–1985)
- Gualter Salles (1999)
- Tom Sneva (1985)
- Vincenzo Sospiri (1998)
AAR experienced its greatest success in GTP competition with the Eagle MkIII, introduced in 1991. Powered by a turbocharged 2.1-liter Toyota inline-4 developing up to 800 horsepower and generating 10,000 pounds of downforce at 200 mph, the MkIII won 21 of the 27 races in which it was entered – a record so dominant that it has been blamed for the collapse of the GTP series.
AAR created a special Trans-Am Series version of the Plymouth Barracuda, running in the 1970 season with drivers Dan Gurney and Swede Savage. A homologation special production edition was offered in 1970.
Complete Formula One World Championship results
Anglo American Racers
|1966||Eagle T1G||Climax S4
|1967||Eagle T1G||Weslake V12||G||RSA||MON||NED||BEL||FRA||GBR||GER||CAN||ITA||USA||MEX||13||7th|
|Eagle T1G||Weslake V12||Dan Gurney||Ret||Ret||Ret||Ret||9||Ret|
|McLaren M7A||Ford V8||Ret||4||Ret||—[a]|
|1967||Castrol Oils Ltd.||Eagle T1G||Climax S4||G||RSA||MON||NED||BEL||FRA||GBR||GER||CAN||ITA||USA||MEX|
|1968||Castrol Oils Ltd.||Eagle T1G||Climax S4||G||RSA||ESP||MON||BEL||NED||FRA||GBR||GER||ITA||CAN||USA||MEX|
|1969||John Maryon||Eagle T1G||Climax S4||RSA||ESP||MON||NED||FRA||GBR||GER||ITA||CAN||USA||MEX|
Complete Formula One Non-Championship results
|1967||Eagle T1G||Weslake V12||ROC||SPC||INT||SYR||OUL||ESP|
Complete CART PPG Indy Car World Series results
(key) (results in bold indicate pole position)
|Eagle 79||Cosworth DFX V8 t||G||Mike Mosley||36||6||17||17||3||13||DNS||2||20||12||14||34||14||10|
|Eagle 80||Cosworth DFX V8 t||G||Mike Mosley||48||19|
|Eagle 81||Chevrolet V8||G||Mike Mosley||48||1*||DNS||18||DNS||26||24|
|Eagle 83||Chevrolet V8||G||Jeff Wood||98||22||8|
|Eagle 84SB||Pontiac V8||G||Mike Chandler||88||16||DNQ|
|Eagle 85GC||Cosworth DFX V8 t||G||Tom Sneva||2||8||20||2||6||11||3||21||8||15||5||21|
|Tony Bettenhausen Jr.||97||29|
|Eagle 86GC||Cosworth DFX V8 t||G||Jan Lammers||98||9||14||DNQ|
|Eagle Mk-V||Toyota RV8A V8 t||G||Juan Manuel Fangio II||36||21||17||15||25||25||22||19||18||14||13||28||14||20||8||19||28|
|P. J. Jones||98||Wth||24||9||24||23||20||16||25||18||13||27|
|Reynard 96i||Toyota RV8A V8 t||G||Juan Manuel Fangio II||36||20||20||26||15|
|Reynard 97i||Toyota RV8B V8 t||20||23||21||10||22||21||19||11||25||10||12||15||27|
|Reynard 96i||Toyota RV8A V8 t||P. J. Jones||98||28||26||16||21|
|Reynard 97i||Toyota RV8B V8 t||16||21||14||14||20||25||21||28||17||14||25||17||10|
|Toyota RV8C V8 t
Toyota RV8D V8 t
|P. J. Jones||98||20||30||11||19||13||12||14||25||16||21||19||24||20||22||21|
|Eagle 997||Toyota RV8D V8 t||G||Alex Barron||36||15||17||23||9||23||16||14|
- Results scored in a McLaren-Ford did not count towards Eagle-Weslake's points total.
- "Saga of Audacity: Eagle F1". Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
- Competition Press & Autoweek, March 26, 1966, Page 3.
- Competition Press & Autoweek, April 23, 1966, Page 6.
- "Case History". Corktree.tripod.com. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- Penske achieved a victory at the 1976 Austrian Grand Prix having raced with an American licence, but the car was built at the British base in Poole. Though American-owned, the British-based Shadow achieved a victory at the 1977 Austrian Grand Prix having raced with a British licence.
- "REWIND: Miller on Dan Gurney's Indy-winning Eagles". August 27, 2021.
- "RETRO: The wild tale of 1982's Eagle Aviation Flyer IndyCar". May 26, 2022.
- "1969 Eagle Weslake Ford 'Santa Ana' Indy Car | S167 | Indy 2022".
- "1968 Eagle Indy Car".
- "1982 AAR Eagle Indy Car".
- "1972 AAR Eagle 7200 Indycar".
- "Eagle 1969 Indy car-by-car histories".
- "Eagle 1966 Indy car-by-car histories".
- "Eagle 1972 Indy car-by-car histories".
- "Eagle 987 Champ Car | Dan Gurney's All American Racers".
- Toyota Eagle MkIII Archived July 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Mulsanne's Corner
- Eagle MkIII GTP Archived February 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, quoted from RACER magazine
- "Trans Am - The Early Years of American Sedan Racing". Car Craft. February 2009. Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- "AAR 'Cuda". Mopar Muscle Cars. January 27, 2011. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2013.