Education in Bangalore
Bangalore is home to many educational and research institutions and has played a significant role in the contribution towards skill development. Bangalore is considered to be one of the educational hubs in India.
Until the early 19th century, education in Bangalore was mainly run by religious leaders and restricted to students of that religion. The western system of education was introduced during the rule of Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar. Subsequently, the British Wesleyan Mission established the first English school in 1832 known as Wesleyan Canarese School. The Bangalore High School was started by the Mysore Government in 1858, and Bishop Cotton Boys' School was started in 1865. In 1945 when World War II came to an end, King George Royal Indian Military Colleges was started at Bangalore by King George VI, the school is popularly known as Bangalore Military School
In independent India, schools for young children (16 months to 5 years) are called nursery, kindergarten or Play school which are broadly based on Montessori or Multiple intelligence methodology of education. Primary and secondary education in Bangalore is offered by various schools which are affiliated to one of the boards of education, such as the Secondary School Leaving Certificate, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, Central Board for Secondary Education, International Baccalaureate, International General Certificate of Secondary Education and National Institute of Open Schooling. Schools in Bangalore are either government run or are private (both aided and un-aided by the government). Bangalore has a significant number of International schools due to expats and IT crowd. After completing their secondary education, students either attend Pre University or continue High School in one of three streams – Arts, Commerce or Science. Alternatively, students may also enroll in Diploma courses. Upon completing the required coursework, students enroll in general or professional degrees in universities through lateral entry.
Below are some of the historical schools in Bangalore and their year of establishment.
- United Mission School (1832)
- St John's High School (1854)
- Sacred Heart Girls' High School (1854)
- St. Joseph's Boys' High School (1858)
- Bishop Cotton Boys' School (1865)
- Bishop Cotton Girls' School (1865)
- Cathedral High School (1866)
- Baldwin Boys' High School (1880)
- Baldwin Girls' High School (1880)
- St. Joseph's Indian High School (1904)
- St Anthony's Boys' School (1913)
- Clarence High School (1914)
- St. Germain High School (1944)
- Bangalore Military School (1946)
- Sophia High School (1949)
The Bangalore University, established in 1886, provides affiliation to over 500 colleges, with a total student enrolment exceeding 300,000. The university has two campuses within Bangalore – Jnanabharathi and Central College. University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering was established in the year 1917, by Bharat Ratna Sir M. Visvesvaraya, At present, the UVCE is the only engineering college under the Bangalore University. Bangalore also has many private Engineering Colleges affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University.
Indian Institute of Science, which was established in 1909 in Bangalore, National Centre for Biological Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research and the Raman Research Institute are the premier institutes for scientific research and study in India. Nationally renowned universities and institutes such as National Institute of Design, National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Law School of India University, the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, International Institute of Informatics Bangalore (IIIB), International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore, RV Educational Institutions, Symbiosis International University, SVKM's NMIMS,University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, the ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, the Indian Statistical Institute are located in Bangalore. The city is also home to the premier mental health institution in India National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences. Bangalore also has some of the best medical colleges in the country, like St. John's Medical College and Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute. The M. P. Birla Institute of Fundamental Research has a branch located in Bangalore. Mount Carmel College, a premier institution for women's education in India is located in Bangalore. It is affiliated to Bangalore University.
The Japanese Weekend School of Bangalore (バンガロール日本人補習授業校 Bangarōru Nihonjin Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a Japanese weekend educational programme, serves Japanese nationals living in Bangalore. It holds its classes in the Canadian International School in Yelahanka, Bangalore. Cultural classes are held at White Petals School, Yelahanka.
- Rao 1929, p. 494 harvnb error: no target: mg (help)
- started in 1858 Archived 2014-03-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Rao 1929, p. 497 harvnb error: no target: mg (help)
- Punekar, Vijaya Bhaskar (1974). Assimilation: A Study of North Indians in Bangalore. Popular Prakashan. p. 54. ISBN 9788171540129.
- Gopalakrishnan, Karthika (13 November 2009). "Pre-schools work on developing multiple intelligence". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
- "Bangalore a hot destination for foreign students". The Times of India. 9 August 2003. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
- "Broad choice of Class X boards". Deccan Herald. 1 July 2004. Archived from the original on 6 November 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
- "Trimester system in all Karnataka schools from 1 June". The Times of India. 18 May 2004. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
- Bageshree, S. (9 May 2012). "What will happen to government schools now?". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- IT crowd, elite prefer international schools
- "Students, parents throng PU colleges in city". The Hindu. Chennai, India: 2006, The Hindu. 16 May 2006. Archived from the original on 21 September 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
- "Diploma students have a chance in government engineering colleges". The Indian Express. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- Khongwir, Darinia (6 May 2009). "PUC is not the only option". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "BU overloaded, wants to split". The Times of India. 9 January 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2007.
- Parvathi Menon and Ravi Sharma (8 September 2006). "Hub of research". the Hindu, Volume 23 – Issue 17. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- "Bangalore, the education hub". The Times of India. 27 June 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "About Us". M. P. Birla Institute of Fundamental Research. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "バンガロール補習授業校：新小学一年生入学者募集のお知らせ." The Japanese Association of Bangalore (バンガロール日本人会). Retrieved on 5 April 2015.
- Home page (Archive). Japanese School of Bangalore. Retrieved on 5 April 2015. "Japanese School of Bangalore Inside Canadian International School Yelahanka, Bangalore, Karnataka, India"