Sundet, the municipal center, with the old bridge
Eidsvoll within Akershus
|• Mayor (2009)||Terje Teslo (Senterpartiet)|
|• Total||457 km2 (176 sq mi)|
|• Land||385 km2 (149 sq mi)|
|Area rank||222 in Norway|
|• Rank||52 in Norway|
|• Density||48/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||9.4 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0237|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
The first element is the genitive case of the word eid (Old Norse: eið) and the last element is voll (Old Norse: vǫllr) which means "meadow" or "field". The meaning of the word eid in this case is "a road passing around a waterfall". People from the districts around the lake (Mjøsa) who were sailing down the river Vorma, and people from Romerike sailing up the same river, both had to enter this area by passing the Sundfossen waterfall. Because of this, the site became an important meeting place long before the introduction of Christianity.
Eidsvoll is mentioned in Old Norse manuscripts. In the 11th century, it became the site of court and assembly (ting) for eastern parts of Norway, replacing Vang, now a part of Hamar in Hedmark. Because of its access to the river Vorma and the lake Mjøsa has long provided a thoroughfare to northern parts of inland Norway. Eastern parts of Eidsvoll were for a short time the site of a minor gold rush when gold was found in 1758, and these areas are still known as Gullverket, (the Gold works).
Eidsvoll Verk was opened to smelt iron ore by King Christian IV of Denmark in 1624, relying on the excellent water power from the Andelva river. In 1688, it was owned by the director of the Kongsberg Silver Mines, Schlanbusch, and remained in his family until 1781. Carsten Anker came into possession of works in 1794, at which time it was in decay since many of the surrounding forests required for charcoal had been depleted. He restored it and set up the production of stoves and similar iron goods. He also took residence in Eidsvoll in 1811, rebuilding the house which is now the Eidsvollsbygningen. Eidsvollsbygningen is the building where the Norwegian Constitution was signed in 1814.
Until recently, the main industry of Eidsvoll was agriculture, though the soil is rich in clay.
Eidsvoll was the site where the constitutional assembly met to draft and sign the Constitution of Norway on 17 May 1814. The building (Eidsvollbygningen) in which the meetings were held is today a famous museum.
An old photograph of the steamer Skibladner, Dampskibsbryggen and Eidsvold Hotel
Eidsvoll municipality is bordered on the north by Østre Toten (in Oppland county on the west side of Mjøsa) and by Stange (on the east side of the lake) and to the east by Nord-Odal (both in Hedmark county). In the county of Akershus to the southeast lies Nes, to the south lies Ullensaker, and to the west lies Nannestad and Hurdal.
- Ola Skjåk Bræk (1912–1999), minister of industry, born and raised in Eidsvoll
- Arne Ekeland (1908–1994), artist, lived and worked in Bøn his entire life
- Dagmar Lahlum (1922–1999), resistance worker in World War II and fiancée of Eddie Chapman was born here
- Hans Langseth (1846–1927), world record holder for the longest beard
- Åsmund Lønning Strømnes (1927–2009), professor of education.
- Henrik Wergeland (1808–1845), poet, eldest son of Professor Nicolai Wergeland (1780–1848), who had been a member of the constitutional assembly in Eidsvoll, was pastor of Eidsvoll. Although not born there, the poet and his sister, Camilla Collett, were brought up in the rectory in Eidsvoll
- - Egilsstaðir, Iceland
- - Skara, Västra Götaland County, Sweden
- - Sorø, Region Sjælland, Denmark
- - Suolahti, Länsi-Suomi, Finland
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- 60.300779 North, 11.170519 East
- Volckmar, Nina; Kvalsund, Ragnvald; Ulleberg, Hans Petter (8 January 2010). "Åsmund Lønning Strømnes (obituary)". Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). p. 35.
- "Vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Eidsvoll kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
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