Sunjong of Korea

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Sunjong
Emperor of Korea
Sunjong of the Korean Empire.jpg
Emperor of Korea
Reign 20 July 1907 – 29 August 1910
Predecessor Gojong of Korea
Successor Emperor Meiji of Empire of Japan (Korean Empire abolished)
Emperor of Korea
Pretend 29 August 1910 – 24 April 1926
Successor Yi Eun, Crown Prince Euimin
Born (1874-03-25)25 March 1874
Changdeok Palace, Seoul, Korea
Died 24 April 1926(1926-04-24) (aged 52)
Changdeok Palace, Keijo (Seoul), Japanese Empire
Burial Yureung
House House of Yi
Father Gojong of Korea
Mother Empress Myeongseong
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Sunjong Yunghuije
McCune–Reischauer Sunjong Yung'huije
Pen name
Hangul 정헌
Hanja 正軒
Revised Romanization Jeongheon
McCune–Reischauer Chŏnghŏn
Birth name
Hangul 이척
Hanja 李坧
Revised Romanization I Cheok
McCune–Reischauer Yi Ch'ŏk
Courtesy name
Hangul 군방
Hanja 君邦
Revised Romanization Gunbang
McCune–Reischauer Kunbang

Sunjong, the Emperor Yunghui (Hangul융희제; hanja隆熙帝; RRYunghuije; MRYunghŭije; 25 March 1874 – 24 April 1926),[1] was the second and final Emperor of Korea, ruling from 1907 until 1910. He was the final ruler of the Yi dynasty.

Biography[edit]

Sunjong was the fourth son of Emperor Gwangmu and Empress Myeongseong. Crown Prince Yi Cheok (Sunjong) was made Emperor Yung-hui when Japan forced the abdication of Emperor Gwangmu in 1907. Sunjong ruled for just three years; his reign ended with the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty in August 1910. Japan then abolished the Korean Empire, ending 519 years of Korean rule under the same family.[2] After the annexation treaty the former emperor Sunjong and his wife, Empress Sunjeong, lived the rest of their lives virtually imprisoned in Changdeokgung Palace in Seoul.[3]

Death[edit]

Sunjong died on 24 April 1926 in Changdeokgung and is buried with his two wives at the imperial tomb of Yureung (유릉, 裕陵) in the city of Namyangju. His state funeral on 10 June 1926 was a catalyst for the June 10th Movement against Japanese rule.

Family[edit]

  1. Empress Sunmyeong of the Yeoheung Min clan (순명황후 민씨, 1872–1904) – born to Min Tae-ho, leader of the Yeoheung Min clan; relative of Empress Myeongseong. She died before her husband was enthroned.
  2. Empress Sunjeong of the Haepyeong Yun clan (순정황후 윤씨, 1894–1966) – daughter of Marquis Yun Taek-yeong.

His full posthumous name[edit]

  • His Imperial Majesty Emperor Sunjong Munon Muryeong Donin Seonggyeong of Korea
  • 대한제국순종문온무령돈인성경황제폐하
  • 大韓帝國純宗文溫武寧敦仁誠敬皇帝陛下
  • Daehan Jeguk Sunjong Munon Muryeong Donin Seonggyeong Hwangje Pyeha

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Korea. Choson. The Yi Dynasty Genealogy". Buyers, Christopher: The Royal Ark. Retrieved 2015-04-11. 
  2. ^ "::: Cultural Heritage, the source for Koreans' Strength and Dream :::". Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Emperor Sunjong of Korea". Asian History. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
Sunjong of Korea
Born: 25 March 1874 Died: 24 April 1926
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gwangmu Emperor
Emperor of Korea
Joseon
20 July 1907 – 29 August 1910
Empire dissolved
Titles in pretence
Loss of title — TITULAR —
Emperor of Korea
29 August 1910 – 24 April 1926
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1910
Succeeded by
Crown Prince Euimin