Heonjong of Joseon

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Heonjong
King of Joseon
Reign 1834-1849
Predecessor Sunjo of Joseon
Successor Cheoljong of Joseon
Born (1827-09-08)8 September 1827
Died 25 July 1849(1849-07-25) (aged 21)
Burial Donggureung Tomb Cluster, Seoul, South Korea
Spouse Queen Hyohyeon
Queen Hyojeong
House House of Yi
Father Munjo of Joseon
Mother Queen Sinjeong
Heonjong of Joseon
Hangul 헌종
Hanja 憲宗
Revised Romanization Heonjong
McCune–Reischauer Hŏnjong
Pen name
Hangul 원헌
Hanja 元軒
Revised Romanization Wonheon
McCune–Reischauer Wŏnhŏn
Birth name
Hangul 이환
Hanja 李烉
Revised Romanization I Hwan
McCune–Reischauer I Hwan
Courtesy name
Hangul 문응
Hanja 文應
Revised Romanization Muneung
McCune–Reischauer Munŭng

Heonjong of Joseon (8 September 1827 – 25 July 1849) was the 24th king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He was the grandson of Sunjo. His father was Crown Prince Hyomyeong (posthumously named Ikjong), who died at the age of 20 before becoming king and his mother was Queen Sinjeong of the Pungyang Jo clan. Heonjong was born three-years before Hyomyeong's death.

Biography[edit]

Heonjong ascended to the throne in 1834 at the age of 8 after his grandfather, King Sunjo, died. Like King Sunjo, Heonjong took the throne at a young age and his grandmother, Queen Sunwon served as regent. Although King Heonjong ascended to the throne, he had no political control over Joseon. When Heonjong reached adulthood, Queen Sunwon refused to give up control. In 1840, the control over the kingdom was then handed down to the Andong Kims, the family of his grandmother Queen Sunwon, following the anti-Catholic Gihae persecution of 1839.

King Heonjong died after reigning for 15 years in 1849 at the age of 21. He was buried at the Gyeongneung tomb within the Donggureung Tomb Cluster in Seoul, where several kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty was buried.[1] As King Heonjong died without an heir, the throne passed to a distant descendant of King Yeongjo, King Cheoljong.

As was customary with the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, the chronicle of Heonjong's reign was compiled after his death, in 1851. The compilation of the 16-volume chronicle was supervised by Jo In-yeong.

Family[edit]

  1. Queen Hyohyeon of the Andong Kim clan (27 April 1828 - 18 October 1843) (효현왕후 김씨)[2][3]
  2. Queen Hyojeong of the Namyang Hong clan (6 March 1831 – 2 January 1904) (효정왕후 홍씨)[4]
  3. Royal Noble Consort Gyeong of the Gwangsan Kim clan (27 August 1832 - 21 April 1907) (경빈 김씨)
  4. Royal Noble Consort Jeong of the Yun clan (정빈 윤씨)
  5. Royal Consort Suk-ui of the Gimhae Kim clan (January 1814 - 12 November 1895) (숙의 김씨)
    1. Unnamed daughter (옹주)

Full posthumous name[edit]

  • King Heonjong Jangsuk Chegeon Gyegeuk Jungjeong Gwangdae Jiseong Gwangdeok Hongun Janghwa Gyungmun Wimu Myeongin Cheolhyo the Great of Korea
  • 헌종장숙체건계극중정광대지성광덕홍운장화경문위무명인철효대왕
  • 獻宗莊肅體健繼極中正光大至聖廣德弘運章化經文緯武明仁哲孝大王

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Donggureung Tombs, Gyeonggi, South Korea - 동구릉 (東九陵), 경기 구리시". Asian Historical Architecture. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Daughter of Kim Jo-geun (김조근)
  3. ^ Posthumously known as "Hyohyeon, The Seong Empress" (효현성황후)
  4. ^ Daughter of Hong Jae-ryong (홍재룡)
Heonjong of Joseon
Born: 8 September 1827 Died: 25 July 1849
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sunjo
King of Joseon
1834–1849
with Queen Sunwon (1834–1841)
Succeeded by
Cheoljong