Erichthonius of Dardania
The mythical King Erichthonius (//; Ancient Greek: Ἐριχθόνιος) of Dardania was the son of Dardanus, King of Dardania and Batea (although some legends say his mother was Olizone, daughter of Phineus). He is said to have enjoyed a peaceful and prosperous reign.
Erichthonius is of uncertain etymology, possibly related to a pre-Greek form *Erektyeu-. The connection of Ἐριχθόνιος with ἐρέχθω, "shake" is a late folk-etymology; other folk-etymologies include ἔριον, erion, "wool" or eris, "strife"+ χθών chthôn or chthonos, "earth".
John Tzetzes and one of the scholia to Lycophron call his wife Astyoche, daughter of Simoeis. The Bibliotheca also adds Erichthonius' older brother Ilus, who died young and childless; presumably a doublet of the other Ilus, grandson of Erichthonius, eponym of Troy.
Strabo (13.1.48) records, but discounts, the claim by "some more recent writers" that Teucer came from the deme of Xypeteones in Attica, supposedly called Troes (meaning Trojans) in mythical times. These writers mentioned that Erichthonius appears as founder both in Attica and the Troad, and may be identifying the two.
Erichthonius reigned for forty six or, according to others, sixty five years and was succeeded by his son Tros.
- Beekes, S. P., Etymological Dictionary of Greek, 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2009.
- Graves, Robert; The Greek Myths, Moyer Bell Ltd; Unabridged edition (December 1988), ISBN 0-918825-80-6.
- Greek Mythology Link 2003-10-01
- March, J., Cassell's Dictionary Of Classical Mythology, London, 1999. ISBN 0-304-35161-X
- Notes to the Bibliotheca 3.12.2; ed. by. Sir James George Frazer.
- Perseus Encyclopedia, Erichthonius.