F-sharp major

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F-sharp major
F-sharp-major d-sharp-minor.svg
Relative key D minor
enharmonic: E minor
Parallel key F minor
Dominant key C major
enharmonic: D major
Subdominant B major
Enharmonic G major
Component pitches
F, G, A, B, C, D, E

F major (or the key of F) is a major scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, B, C, D, and E. Its key signature has six sharps[1], while the enharmonic key has the same number of flats.

The F-sharp major scale is:

\relative c' { 
  \clef treble \key fis \major \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature fis4 gis ais b cis dis eis fis eis dis cis b ais gis fis2
  \clef bass \key fis \major
}

Its relative minor is D minor (or enharmonically E minor). Its parallel minor is F minor. Its enharmonic equivalent is G major. In writing music for transposing instruments in B or E, it is preferable to use G rather than the F key signature. If F-sharp major must absolutely be used, one should take care that B wind instruments be notated in A major, rather than G major (or G instruments used instead, giving a transposed key of B major), and D instruments in F major instead of E major, in order to avoid double sharps in key signatures.

Music in F major[edit]

F is the key of the minuet in Joseph Haydn's "Farewell" Symphony, of Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 24, Op. 78, of Chopin's Barcarolle, of Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2, of Mahler's unfinished Tenth Symphony, of Erich Korngold's Symphony Op. 40, of Scriabin's Fourth Sonata. The key was the favorite tonality of Olivier Messiaen, who used it repeatedly throughout his work to express his most exciting or transcendent moods, most notably in the Turangalîla-Symphonie.

Like G major, this key is rarely used in orchestral music, other than in passing. It is more common in piano music, such as the sonatas of Scriabin and Grieg's Lyric Pieces.

References[edit]

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