|Relative key||C major|
|Parallel key||A major|
|Dominant key||E minor|
|A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A|
A minor (abbreviated Am) is a minor scale based on A, consisting of the pitches A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. The harmonic minor scale raises the G to G♯. Its key signature has no flats or sharps (see below: Scales and keys).
Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary.
Johann Joachim Quantz considered A minor, along with C minor, much more suitable for expressing "the sad effect" than other minor keys (Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen[full citation needed]).
Whereas traditionally key signatures were cancelled[clarification needed] whenever the new key signature had fewer sharps or flats than the old key signature, in modern popular and commercial music, cancellation is only done when C major or A minor replaces another key.
Well-known compositions in this key
- Violin Concerto in A minor, BWV1041 – Johann Sebastian Bach
- Piano Sonata No. 8 in A minor, K. 310 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Violin Sonata No. 4, Op. 23 – Ludwig van Beethoven
- String Quartet No. 15, Op. 132 – Ludwig van Beethoven
- Bagatelle in A minor "Für Elise" – Ludwig van Beethoven
- Piano Sonata No. 4 in A minor, D. 537 – Franz Schubert
- Piano Sonata No. 14 in A minor, D. 784 – Franz Schubert
- Piano Sonata No. 16 in A minor, D. 845 – Franz Schubert
- String Quartet Op. 41/1 - Robert Schumann
- Violin Sonata No. 1, Op. 105 - Robert Schumann
- Double Concerto in A minor, Op. 102 - Johannes Brahms
- Variations on a Theme by Paganini, Op. 35 – Johannes Brahms
- Prelude No. 2 in A minor, Op. 28/2 – Frédéric Chopin
- Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16 – Edvard Grieg
- Piano Concerto No. 2, Op. 85 – Johann Nepomuk Hummel
- Symphony No. 6 in A minor - Gustav Mahler
- Symphony No. 3 - Felix Mendelssohn
- Piano Sonata in A minor, K. 310 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Caprice No. 24 (Paganini) – Niccolò Paganini
- Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini – Sergei Rachmaninoff
- Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54 – Robert Schumann
- Symphony No. 4 – Jean Sibelius
- Oboe Concerto in A minor – Ralph Vaughan Williams
- Violin Concerto in A Minor from L'Estro Armonico, Op. 3 No. 6, RV 356 - Antonio Vivaldi
- Orchestral Rhapsody "Sketchings" in A Minor, Op.9 - Alexander Voltz
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to A minor.|
- Matthew Nicholl & Richard Grudzinski, Music Notation: Preparing Scores and Parts, ed. Jonathan Feist. Boston: Berklee Press (2007): 56. "In popular and commercial music, the old key signature is cancelled only if the new key is C major or A minor."
|Diatonic scales and keys|
|The table indicates the number of sharps or flats in each scale. Minor scales are written in lower case.|