The Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations (FSIN), formerly known as the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, is a Saskatchewan-based First Nations organization. The FSIN represents 74 First Nations in Saskatchewan. The Federation is committed to honouring the spirit and intent of the Treaties, as well as the promotion, protection and implementation of the Treaty promises that were made more than a century ago.
The seeds of the organization were planted when Chiefs and leaders gathered in Fort Qu'Appelle in 1946, emerging with an organization to advocate for the rights of First Nations people -- the Union of Saskatchewan Indians. The Union was created with the merger of two other groups, the Protective Association for the Indians and their Treaties, and the Association of Saskatchewan Indians, (officially incorporated in 1945 with Joe Dreaver as president).
In 1958, the First Nations leaders gathered in Fort Qu'Appelle and reviewed the constitution of the Union, replacing it with a new organization that more fairly represented the First Nations reality. It was decided that the organization be looked upon as a federation of bands and that the power reside in the hands of the Chiefs. The Union evolved into the Federation of Saskatchewan Indians at the convention of 69 Saskatchewan Indian Chiefs in April of 1982 (see below).
In May 2016 the FSIN Chiefs-in-Assembly voted to change the name to the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations.
In July 1979 the Saskatchewan Indian produced an issue titled The Constitutional Journey outlining indigenous efforts to be recognized and involved in deliberations around the Constitution.
In April 1982 (the same month the Constitution was signed) the First Nations signed the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations Convention and agreed to unite in a common front to protect and preserve First Nations' Treaty rights and their political, economic, social and cultural characteristics. The political convention outlined a governing structure that consisted of the Chiefs-in-Assembly, a Senate, an Elders' Council, an Executive Council and an Indian Government Commission.
That same month, and dated the same day the Constitution was signed, the FSI produced a special issue of Saskatchewan Indian magazine entitled "Constitution Special Edition" covering the history, law and politics of indigenous efforts to be recognized and included in the process of repatriation [the Constitution] and Canada acquiring independence. Articles document efforts to be included in the process, including the work of FSI's Constitution Commission (pre-repatriation efforts). The Saskatchewan Indian throughout its history has actually published profusely on the Constitution and efforts on behalf of their constituency.