Fedora Linux release history

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Fedora Linux is a Linux distribution that is a fork of Red Hat Linux developed by the Fedora Project. Fedora attempts to maintain a six-month release schedule, offering new versions in May and November.

Release history[edit]

Version[1] Release[1] End-of-life[2] Kernel[3][a] GNOME[3]
Old version, no longer maintained: 1 (Yarrow) 2003-11-06 2004-09-20 2.4.22 2.4
Old version, no longer maintained: 2 (Tettnang) 2004-05-18 2005-04-11 2.6.5 2.6
Old version, no longer maintained: 3 (Heidelberg) 2004-11-08 2006-01-16 2.6.9 2.8
Old version, no longer maintained: 4 (Stentz) 2005-06-13 2006-08-07 2.6.11 2.10
Old version, no longer maintained: 5 (Bordeaux) 2006-03-20 2007-07-02 2.6.15 2.14
Old version, no longer maintained: 6 (Zod) 2006-10-24 2007-12-07 2.6.18 2.16
Old version, no longer maintained: 7 (Moonshine) 2007-05-31 2008-06-13 2.6.21 2.18
Old version, no longer maintained: 8 (Werewolf) 2007-11-08 2009-01-07 2.6.23 2.20
Old version, no longer maintained: 9 (Sulphur) 2008-05-13 2009-07-10 2.6.25 2.22
Old version, no longer maintained: 10 (Cambridge) 2008-11-25 2009-12-18 2.6.27 2.24
Old version, no longer maintained: 11 (Leonidas) 2009-06-09 2010-06-25 2.6.29 2.26
Old version, no longer maintained: 12 (Constantine) 2009-11-17 2010-12-02 2.6.31 2.28
Old version, no longer maintained: 13 (Goddard) 2010-05-25 2011-06-24 2.6.33 2.30
Old version, no longer maintained: 14 (Laughlin) 2010-11-02 2011-12-08 2.6.35 2.32
Old version, no longer maintained: 15 (Lovelock) 2011-05-24 2012-06-26 2.6.38 3.0
Old version, no longer maintained: 16 (Verne) 2011-11-08 2013-02-12 3.1 3.2
Old version, no longer maintained: 17 (Beefy Miracle) 2012-05-29 2013-07-30 3.3 3.4
Old version, no longer maintained: 18 (Spherical Cow) 2013-01-15 2014-01-14 3.6 3.6
Old version, no longer maintained: 19 (Schrödinger's Cat) 2013-07-02 2015-01-06 3.9 3.8
Old version, no longer maintained: 20 (Heisenbug) 2013-12-17 2015-06-23 3.11 3.10
Old version, no longer maintained: 21[5] 2014-12-09 2015-12-01 3.17 3.14
Old version, no longer maintained: 22 2015-05-26 2016-07-19 4.0 3.16
Old version, no longer maintained: 23 2015-11-03 2016-12-20 4.2 3.18
Old version, no longer maintained: 24 2016-06-21 2017-08-08 4.5 3.20
Old version, no longer maintained: 25 2016-11-22 2017-12-12 4.8 3.22
Old version, no longer maintained: 26 2017-07-11 2018-05-29 4.11 3.24
Old version, no longer maintained: 27 2017-11-14 2018-11-30 4.13 3.26
Old version, no longer maintained: 28 2018-05-01 2019-05-28 4.16 3.28
Old version, no longer maintained: 29 2018-10-30 2019-11-26 4.18 3.30
Old version, no longer maintained: 30 2019-05-07 2020-05-26 5.0 3.32
Old version, no longer maintained: 31 2019-10-29 2020-11-24 5.3 3.34
Old version, no longer maintained: 32 2020-04-28 2021-05-25 5.6 3.36
Old version, no longer maintained: 33 2020-10-27[6] 2021-12-01[7] 5.8 3.38
Old version, no longer maintained: 34 2021-04-27[8] 2022-06-01[9] 5.11 40[10]
Older version, yet still maintained: 35 2021-11-02[11] 2022-12-07[12] 5.15 41
Current stable version: 36 2022-05-10[13] 2023-05-16[14] 5.17 42
Future release: 37 2022-10-18[15] 2023-11-22[16] N/A N/A
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release
  1. ^ At the time of release. Supported releases are often updated to the latest stable version of the Linux kernel.[4]



Fedora Core 1[edit]

Fedora Core 1 was the first version of Fedora and was released on November 6, 2003.[17] It was codenamed Yarrow. Fedora Core 1 was based on Red Hat Linux 9 and shipped with version 2.4.19 of the Linux kernel, version 2.4 of the GNOME desktop environment, and K Desktop Environment 3.1.[18]

Fedora Core 2[edit]

Fedora Core 2 was released on May 18, 2004, codenamed Tettnang.[19] It shipped with Linux 2.6, GNOME 2.6, KDE 3.2, and Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux)[19] (SELinux was disabled by default due to concerns that it radically altered the way that Fedora Core ran).[20] XFree86 was replaced by the newer X.org, a merger of the previous official X11R6 release, which additionally included a number of updates to Xrender, Xft, Xcursor, fontconfig libraries, and other significant improvements.[20]

Fedora Core 3[edit]

Fedora Core 3 was released on November 8, 2004, codenamed Heidelberg.[21] This was the first release of Fedora Core to include the Mozilla Firefox web browser, as well as support for the Indic scripts.[21] This release also saw the LILO boot loader deprecated in favour of GNU GRUB.[21] SELinux was also enabled by default, but with a new targeted policy, which was less strict than the policy used in Fedora Core 2.[21] Fedora Core 3 shipped with GNOME 2.8 and KDE 3.3.[21] It was the first release to include the new Fedora Extras repository.[22]

Fedora Core 4[edit]

Fedora Core 4 was released on June 13, 2005, with the codename Stentz.[23] It shipped with Linux 2.6.11,[23] KDE 3.4 and GNOME 2.10.[24] This version introduced the new Clearlooks theme, which was inspired by the Red Hat Bluecurve theme.[24] It also shipped with the OpenOffice.org 2.0 office suite, as well as Xen, a high performance and secure open source virtualization framework.[24] It also introduced support for the PowerPC CPU architecture, and over 80 new policies for SELinux.[24]

Fedora Core 5[edit]

This Core release introduced specific artwork that defined it. This is a trend that had continued in later Fedora versions. Fedora Core 5 was released on March 20, 2006, with the codename Bordeaux, and introduced the Fedora Bubbles artwork.[25] It was the first Fedora release to include Mono and tools built with it such as Beagle, F-Spot and Tomboy.[25] It also introduced new package management tools such as pup and pirut (see Yellowdog Updater, Modified). It also was the first Fedora release not to include the long deprecated (but kept for compatibility) LinuxThreads, replaced by the Native POSIX Thread Library.[26]

Fedora Core 6[edit]

Fedora Core 6 was released on October 24, 2006, codenamed Zod.[27] This release introduced the Fedora DNA artwork, replacing the Fedora Bubbles artwork used in Fedora Core 5.[28] The codename is derived from the infamous villain, General Zod, from the Superman DC Comic Books.[29] This version introduced support for the Compiz compositing window manager and AIGLX (a technology that enables GL-accelerated effects on a standard desktop).[28] It shipped with Firefox 1.5 as the default web browser, and Smolt, a tool that allows users to inform developers about the hardware they use.

Fedora Linux 7[edit]

Fedora Linux 7, codenamed Moonshine, was released on May 31, 2007.[30] The biggest difference between Fedora Core 6 and Fedora 7 was the merging of the Red Hat "Core" and Community "Extras" repositories,[30] dropping "Core" from the name "Fedora Core," and the new build system put in place to manage those packages. This release used entirely new build and compose tools that enabled the user to create fully customized Fedora distributions that could also include packages from any third-party provider.[30] There were three official spins available for Fedora 7:[31]

  • Live–two Live CDs (one for GNOME and one for KDE);
  • Fedora–a DVD that includes all the major packages available at shipping;
  • Everything–simply an installation tree for use by yum and Internet installations.

Fedora 7 featured GNOME 2.18 and KDE 3.5, a new theme entitled Flying High, OpenOffice.org 2.2 and Firefox 2.0.[31] Fast user switching was fully integrated and enabled by default.[31] Also, there were a number of updates to SELinux, including a new setroubleshoot tool for debugging SELinux security notifications, and a new, comprehensive system-config-selinux tool for fine-tuning the SELinux setup.[31]

Fedora Linux 8[edit]

Fedora Linux 8, codenamed Werewolf, was released on November 8, 2007.[32] Some of the new features and updates in Fedora 8 included:[33]

  • PulseAudio–a sound daemon that allows different applications to control the audio. Fedora was the first distribution to enable it by default.[33]
  • system-config-firewall–a new firewall configuration tool that replaces system-config-security level from previous releases.
  • Codeina–a tool that guides users using content under proprietary or patent-encumbered formats to purchase codecs from fluendo; it is an optional component that may be uninstalled in favor of GStreamer codec plug-ins which were free of charge.
  • IcedTea–a project that attempts to bring OpenJDK to Fedora by replacing encumbered code.
  • NetworkManager–faster, more reliable connections;[33] better security (through the use of the keyring); clearer display of wireless networks; better D-Bus integration.
  • Better laptop support–enhancements to the kernel to reduce battery load, disabling of background cron jobs when running on the battery, and additional wireless drivers.

Fedora 8 also included a new desktop artwork entitled Infinity, and a new desktop theme called Nodoka. A unique feature of Infinity is that the wallpaper can change during the day to reflect the time of day.[33] In February 2008, a new Xfce Live CD "spin" was announced for the x86 and x86-64 architectures.[34] This Live CD version uses the Xfce desktop environment, which aims to be fast and lightweight, while still being visually appealing and easy to use. Like the GNOME and KDE spins, the Xfce spin can be installed to the hard disk.[34]

Fedora Linux 9[edit]

Fedora Linux 9, codenamed Sulphur, was released on May 13, 2008.[35] Some of the new features of Fedora 9 included:[36]

  • GNOME 2.22.
  • KDE Plasma 4.0, which was the default interface as part of the KDE spin.
  • OpenJDK 6 had replaced IcedTea.[37]
  • PackageKit was included as a front-end to yum, and as the default package manager.
  • One Second X allowed the X Window System to perform a cold start from the command line in nearly one second; similarly, shutdown of X should be as quick.[38]
  • Upstart introduced
  • Many improvements to the Anaconda installer;[39] among these features, it now supports resizing ext2, ext3 and NTFS file systems, and can create and install Fedora to encrypted file systems.
  • Firefox 3.0 beta 5 was included in this release, and the 3.0 package was released as an update the same day as the general release.
  • Perl 5.10, which featured a smaller memory footprint and other improvements.
  • Data Persistence in USB images.[40]

Fedora 9 featured a new artwork entitled Waves which, like Infinity in Fedora 8, changes the wallpaper to reflect the time of day.

Fedora Linux 10[edit]

Fedora Linux 10, codenamed Cambridge, was released on November 25, 2008.[41] It flaunted the new Solar artwork. Its features included:[42]

  • Faster startup using Plymouth (instead of Red Hat Graphical Boot used in previous versions)
  • Support for ext4 filesystem
  • Sugar Desktop Environment
  • LXDE Desktop Environment (LXDE Spin)
  • GNOME 2.24
  • KDE Plasma 4.1 (KDE Spin)
  • OpenOffice.org 3.0

Fedora Linux 11[edit]

Fedora Linux 11, codenamed Leonidas, was released on June 9, 2009.[43] This was the first release whose artwork is determined by the name instead of by users voting on themes. Some of the features in Fedora 11 were:

Fedora Linux 12[edit]

Fedora Linux 12, codenamed Constantine, was released on November 17, 2009.[47] Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 and other derivatives were based on Fedora 12. Some of the features in Fedora 12 were:

  • Optimized performance. All software packages on 32-bit (x86_32) architecture had been compiled for i686 systems
  • Improved Webcam support (Cheese)
  • Better video codec with a newer version of Ogg Theora
  • Audio improvements
  • Automatic bug reporting tool (abrt)
  • Bluetooth on demand
  • Enhanced NetworkManager to manage broadband
  • Many virtualization enhancements (KVM, libvirt, libguestfs)
  • ext4 used even for the boot partition
  • Moblin interface
  • Yum-presto plugin providing Delta RPMs for updates by default
  • New compression algorithm (XZ, the new LZMA format) in RPM packages for smaller and faster updates
  • Experimental 3D support for ATI R600/R700 cards
  • GCC 4.4
  • SystemTap 1.0 with Eclipse integration
  • GNOME 2.28
  • GNOME Shell preview
  • KDE Plasma 4.3, Plasma 4.4 was pushed to updates repository on February 27, 2010[48][49] (KDE Spin)
  • 2.6.31 Linux kernel, Kernel 2.6.32 was pushed to updates repository on February 27, 2010[48]
  • X server 1.7 with Multi-Pointer X (MPX) support
  • NetBeans 6.7
  • PHP 5.3
  • Rakudo Perl 6 compiler

Fedora Linux 13[edit]

Fedora Linux 13, codenamed "Goddard", was released on May 25, 2010.[50] During early development, Fedora project leader Paul Frields anticipated "looking at the fit and finish issues. We have tended to build a really tight ship with Fedora, but now we want to make the décor in the cabins a little more sumptuous and to polish the deck chairs and railings."[51] Features of Fedora 13 included:[52][53]

Fedora Linux 14[edit]

Fedora Linux 14, codenamed Laughlin, was released on November 2, 2010.[54] It was the last to use the GNOME 2 desktop environment (now forked as MATE). GNOME 2 had been the desktop environment of the operating system since its inception in 2003. Features of Fedora 14 included:[55][56]

Fedora Linux 15[edit]

Fedora Linux 15, codenamed Lovelock, was released on May 24, 2011. Features of Fedora 15 included:[57][58][59][60]

Fedora Linux 16[edit]

Fedora Linux 16, codenamed "Verne", was released on November 8, 2011. Fedora 16 was also dedicated to the memory of Dennis Ritchie, who died about a month before the release.[61] Some of the features of Fedora 16 included:

Fedora Linux 17[edit]

Fedora Linux 17, codenamed "Beefy Miracle", was released on May 29, 2012.[62] Some of the features of Fedora 17 included:

  • Linux kernel 3.3.4
  • Integrated UEFI support.[63][64]
  • Inclusion of GNOME 3.4 desktop, offering software rendering support for GNOME Shell
  • Updated to latest KDE Software Compilation 4.8.3
  • A new filesystem structure moving more things to/usr
  • Removable disks were mounted under/run/media due to a change in udisks
  • systemd-logind replaces ConsoleKit, offering multiseat improvements
  • Inclusion of the libvirt sandbox; virt-manager now supports USB pass-through
  • Services now use private temp directories to improve security

Fedora Linux 18[edit]

Fedora Linux 18, codenamed "Spherical Cow", was released on January 15, 2013. Some of the features of Fedora 18 included:

Fedora Linux 19[edit]

Fedora Linux 19, codenamed "Schrödinger's Cat", was released on July 2, 2013. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and other derivatives were based on Fedora 19. Some of the features of Fedora 19 included:

Fedora Linux 20[edit]

Fedora Linux 20, codenamed "Heisenbug",[67] was released on December 17, 2013.[68] Some of the features of Fedora 20 included:[69]

  • GNOME 3.10
  • ARM as primary architecture in addition to x86 and x86_64[70]
  • Replacement of the gnome-packagekit frontends with a new application installer, tentatively named gnome-software[71]

Fedora Linux 21[edit]

Fedora Linux 21, the first version without a codename,[72] was released on December 9, 2014.[73]

  • GNOME 3.14
  • Fedora now has three flavors providing different specialized set of preinstalled packages depending on use purpose: Workstation, Server and Desktop

Fedora Linux 22[edit]

Fedora Linux 22 was released on May 26, 2015.[74] Major features included:[74][75]

  • GNOME 3.16 with a completely redesigned notification system and automatically hiding scrollbars
  • DNF replacing yum as the default package manager
  • The default display server for the GNOME Display Manager being Wayland instead of X.org

Fedora Linux 23[edit]

Fedora Linux 23 was released on November 3, 2015.[76]

  • It offered GNOME 3.18.
  • It came with LibreOffice 5.
  • The Fedora release updater, fedup, was integrated into DNF.
  • It used a Python3 (specifically python3.4.3) as the operating system's default Python implementation.

See also.[77]

Fedora Linux 24[edit]

Fedora Linux 24 was released on June 21, 2016.[78] Some notable system wide changes (see [79] for more) were the use of GNOME 3.20, GCC 6, and Python 3.5.

Fedora Linux 25[edit]

Fedora Linux 25 was released on November 22, 2016.[80] Some notable changes (see [81] for more) were the use of the Wayland display system, Unicode 9, PHP 7.0, Node.js 6 and IBus Emoji typing.

Fedora Linux 26[edit]

Fedora Linux 26 was released on July 11, 2017.[82]

Fedora Linux 27[edit]

Fedora Linux 27 was released on November 14, 2017.[83] The Workstation edition of Fedora 27 features GNOME 3.26. Both the Display and Network configuration panels have been updated, along with the overall Settings panel appearance improvement. The system search now shows more results at once, including the system actions. This release also features LibreOffice 5.4.

Fedora Linux 28[edit]

Fedora Linux 28 was released on May 1, 2018.[84] Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 and other derivatives were based on Fedora 28. Notable new features: a modular software repository, curated third-party software repositories.[85]

Fedora Linux 29[edit]

Fedora Linux 29 was released on October 30, 2018.[86] Notable new features: Fedora Modularity[87] across all variants, a new optional package repository called Modular (also referred to as the "Application Stream" or AppStream), Gnome 3.30, ZRAM for ARM images, Fedora Scientific Vagrant images

Fedora Linux 30[edit]

Fedora Linux 30 was released on April 30, 2019.[88] Its change set is here.

Fedora Linux 31[edit]

Fedora Linux 31 was released October 29, 2019.[89] Its change set is here.

Fedora Linux 32[edit]

Fedora Linux 32 was released April 28, 2020.[90] Its change set is here.

Fedora Linux 33[edit]

Fedora Linux 33 was released on October 27, 2020.[91] Its change set is here. Fedora 33 Workstation Edition was the first version of the operating system to default to using Btrfs as its default file system, and replacement of a swap partition with zram.[92] It featured version 3.38 of the GNOME desktop environment, and Linux kernel 5.8.15. For the first time since version 7, Fedora defaulted to a slideshow background (four png images of the Earth, from space) that changes hue according to the time of day. GNU nano became the default text editor for the command-line interface in place of vi. Fedora IoT, while previously available as a "Fedora Spin", was promoted to an official edition of the operating system.[93]

Fedora Linux 34[edit]

Fedora Linux 34 was released April 27, 2021.[94] Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 and other derivatives are based on Fedora 34. Its change set includes GNOME 40, filesystem compression by default, exclusive use of Pipewire, and defaulting KDE Plasma to Wayland.

Fedora Linux 35[edit]

Fedora Linux 35 was released on November 2, 2021.[95]

Fedora Linux 36[edit]

Fedora Linux 36 was released on May 10, 2022.[96]

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