GNOME Shell 3.24 in overview mode
|Developer(s)||The GNOME Project|
|Initial release||April 6, 2011|
|Stable release||3.30.2 (31 October 2018 ) [±]|
|Preview release||3.31.2 (16 November 2018 ) [±]|
|Available in||75 languages|
GNOME Shell is the graphical shell of the GNOME desktop environment starting with version 3, which was released on April 6, 2011. It provides basic functions like launching applications, switching between windows and is also a widget engine. GNOME Shell replaced GNOME Panel and some ancillary components in GNOME 2.
In contrast to the KDE Plasma Workspaces, a software framework intended to facilitate the creation of multiple graphical shells for different devices, the GNOME Shell is intended to be used on desktop computers with large screens operated via keyboard and mouse, as well as portable computers with smaller screens operated via their keyboard, touchpad or touchscreen.
As graphical shell (graphical front-end/graphical shell/UX/UI) of the GNOME desktop environment, its design is guided by the GNOME UX Design Team.
GNOME Shell Overview mode
The GNOME Shell comprises the following graphical and functional elements:
- Top bar
- System status area
- Activities Overview
- Window picker
- Application picker
- Notifications and calendar tray
- Application switcher
- Indicators tray
Changes to the user interface (UI) include, but are not limited to:
- Clutter and Mutter support multi-touch gestures.
- Support for HiDPI monitors.
- A new Activities overview, which houses:
- "Snapping" windows to screen borders to make them fill up a half of the screen or the whole screen
- A single window button by default, Close, instead of three (configurable). Minimization has been removed due to the lack of a panel to minimize to, in favor of workspace window management. Maximization can be accomplished using the afore-mentioned window snapping, or by double-clicking the window title bar.
- A fallback mode is offered in versions 3.0–3.6 for those without hardware acceleration which offers the GNOME Panel desktop. This mode can also be toggled through the System Settings menu. GNOME 3.8 removed the fallback mode and replaced it with GNOME Shell extensions that offer a more traditional look and feel.
- The Linux distribution Fedora uses GNOME Shell by default since release 15.
- Ubuntu uses GNOME Shell by default since 17.10, after Canonical ceased development of Unity. It has been available for installation in the repositories since version 11.10. An alternative flavor, Ubuntu GNOME, was released alongside Ubuntu 12.10, and gained official flavor status by Ubuntu 13.04.
- openSUSE's GNOME edition has used GNOME Shell since version 12.1.
- Shortly after release in 2011, Arch Linux dropped support of GNOME 2 in favor of GNOME 3 in its repositories.
- Mageia 2 and later include GNOME Shell.
- Debian 8 and later features GNOME Shell in the default desktop.
- Sabayon Linux uses the latest version of GNOME Shell.
GNOME Shell has received mixed reviews: It has been criticized for a variety of reasons, mostly related to design decisions and reduced user control over the environment. For example, users in the free software community have raised concerns that the planned tight integration with Mutter will mean that users of GNOME Shell will not be able to switch to an alternative window manager without breaking their desktop. In particular, users might not be able to use Compiz with GNOME Shell while retaining access to the same types of features that older versions of GNOME allowed.
After criticism of the traditional GNOME desktop and accusations of stagnation and lacking vision, the resulting discussion led to the announcement of GNOME 3.0 in April 2009. Since then Red Hat has been the main driver of GNOME Shell’s development.
Pre-release versions of GNOME Shell were first made available in August 2009 and became regular, non-default part of GNOME in version 2.28 in September 2009. It was finally shipped as GNOME’s default user interface on April 6, 2011.
- Unity, a shell interface for GNOME used by previews Ubuntu versions.
- Cinnamon, a shell interface originally based on GNOME used by Linux Mint.
- Jardón, Javier (31 October 2018). "GNOME 3.30.2 RELEASED". GNOME Mail Services (Mailing list). Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- Catanzaro, Michael (16 November 2018). "GNOME 3.31.2 released". GNOME Mail Services (Mailing list). Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- "GNOME 3 Myths: GNOME 3.0 depends on Mono!", GNOME Live!, retrieved December 19, 2010
- Module Statistics: gnome-shell, retrieved February 14, 2011
- "Planning for GNOME 3.0", GNOME Live!, retrieved March 23, 2011
- Sharma, Apoorva (March 23, 2010), "Why does Gnome-shell replace the current gnome-panel", gnome-shell-list mailing list, retrieved August 18, 2012
- "GNOME UX Design Team". Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "GNOME Shell Design". Retrieved May 21, 2014.
- Kissling, Kristian (July 8, 2009), "Mutter: Window Manager in GNOME's Future", Linux Pro Magazine, retrieved March 23, 2011
- Cutler, Paul (July 1, 2009), Behind the Scenes with Owen Taylor, retrieved January 16, 2016
- Taylor, Owen (March 23, 2009), "Metacity, Mutter, GNOME Shell, GNOME-2.28", desktop-devel-list mailing list, retrieved August 18, 2012,
- "Mutter 3.13.4 release".
- "GNOME Shell 3.13.4".
- ǈubunčić, Igor (April 6, 2011), Gnome 3 Fallback mode - Get your productivity back, Dedoimedo, retrieved November 25, 2011
- "GNOME 3.7: what is happening now | Goings on". GNOME. December 5, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Extensions", GNOME Live!, retrieved November 25, 2011
- Releases/15/FeatureList, Fedora Project, retrieved November 25, 2011
- "OneiricOcelot/ReleaseNotes - Ubuntu Wiki", Ubuntu Wiki, retrieved April 18, 2012
- Andrew (October 19, 2012). "Prefer GNOME Shell? Download Ubuntu GNOME Remix 12.10 ~ Web Upd8: Ubuntu / Linux blog". Webupd8.org. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Introduction to Ubuntu GNOME".
- Portal:12.1, OpenSuSE Project, retrieved November 25, 2011
- Bîru, Ionuț Mircea (April 30, 2011), "GNOME3 in extra", Arch Linux, retrieved December 4, 2011
- "Release Notes", Mageia Wiki, March 7, 2012, retrieved March 24, 2012
- "/ packages / sid (unstable) / gnome / gnome-shell", Debian, retrieved July 10, 2012
- "/ packages / wheezy (testing) / gnome / gnome-shell", Debian, retrieved July 10, 2012
- Taylor, Owen (March 24, 2009), "Re: Metacity, Mutter, GNOME Shell, GNOME-2.28", desktop-devel-list mailing list, retrieved August 18, 2012
- Wallen, Jack (March 28, 2014). "GNOME 3.10 has resurrected what was once the darling of the Linux desktop". TechRepublic. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014.
- Matt Hartley, Chris Fisher (January 5, 2014). "In Defense of Gnome 3". Linux Action Show. Jupiter Broadcasting. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
- "My glimpse at Gnome-Shell". Mad for Ubuntu. Archived from the original on May 23, 2010.
- "User Experience Hackfest". GNOME. October 14, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Timeline: The Greatest Show on Earth". Be the signal. March 15, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "gnome in the age of decadence". wingolog. June 7, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Planning for GNOME 3.0". April 2, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- Matthew Garrett (mjg59) wrote, October 26, 2010 18:39:00 (October 26, 2010). "mjg59: Fun facts". Mjg59.livejournal.com. Archived from the original on May 5, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "ftp.gnome.org". Ftp.acc.umu.se. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "GNOME 2.28 Release Notes". GNOME. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "GNOME 2.91.x Development Series". GNOME. March 24, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "GNOME 3.0 with GNOME Shell officially launched | ITProPortal.com". Thinq.co.uk. Archived from the original on December 27, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GNOME Shell.|