Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente, California
Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||1.472 sq mi (3.812 km2)|
|• Land||1.472 sq mi (3.812 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||154 ft (47 m)|
|• Density||2,800/sq mi (1,100/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||2408209|
Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the CDP population was 4,144. The name Agua Caliente translates into English, from Spanish, as hot water, referring to the hot springs historically found in the area.
Generally considered separate from one another, Fetters Hot Springs and Agua Caliente are adjacent communities located along the Sonoma Highway (State Route 12), approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) northwest of Sonoma, California, and immediately north of Boyes Hot Springs and El Verano. Over time, the boundaries between these four communities became blurred and they are often grouped together and referred to collectively as "the Springs" area of Sonoma Valley.
As of the 2010 census, the CDP had a total area of 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2), all land.
The area was first occupied by Indigenous peoples who discovered and used the hot springs that the area is named after. The Mexican government deeded 50,000 acres to Lazaro Piña as Rancho Agua Caliente, a land grant 10 miles (16 km) long on the east side of Sonoma Creek, in 1840. In 1849 Thaddeus M. Leavenworth acquired 320 acres of the Rancho in what became present-day Agua Caliente, Fetters Hot Springs, Boyes Hot Springs, and part of Maxwell Farm. In 1889, property was being sold in the area as being near the "celebrated old Indian Medicine Spring."
George and Emma Fetters opened the Fetters Hot Springs resort in 1908. Flamboyant restaurateur Juanita Musson opened her second Sonoma Valley restaurant in the old Fetters hotel around 1970, but it burned to the ground five years later. The land stood vacant for almost forty years until the Fetters Apartments, built as affordable housing for sixty families, opened in 2017.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente had a population of 4,144. The population density was 2,815.6 people per square mile (1,087.1/km²). The racial makeup of Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente was 2,926 (70.6%) White, 25 (0.6%) African American, 39 (0.9%) Native American, 68 (1.6%) Asian, 8 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 895 (21.6%) from other races, and 183 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,925 persons (46.5%).
The Census reported that 99.6% of the population lived in households and 0.4% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.
There were 1,419 households, out of which 570 (40.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 709 (50.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 175 (12.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 86 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 90 (6.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 30 (2.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 327 households (23.0%) were made up of individuals and 108 (7.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91. There were 970 families (68.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.46.
The population was spread out with 1,137 people (27.4%) under the age of 18, 409 people (9.9%) aged 18 to 24, 1,070 people (25.8%) aged 25 to 44, 1,148 people (27.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 380 people (9.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.
There were 1,585 housing units at an average density of 1,076.9 per square mile (415.8/km²), of which 58.1% were owner-occupied and 41.9% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.0%. 51.4% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 48.2% lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,505 people, 885 households, and 584 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6,546.8 people per square mile (2,545.2/km²). There were 929 housing units at an average density of 2,427.9 per square mile (943.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.55% White, 0.96% African American, 1.12% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 8.70% from other races, and 5.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.90% of the population.
There were 885 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.32.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $44,097, and the median income for a family was $48,641. Males had a median income of $37,143 versus $28,304 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,269. About 5.5% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature, Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, and in the 4th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Cecilia Aguiar-Curry.
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- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Agua Caliente
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (30 November 1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- "Highway 12 Design Guidelines" (PDF). County of Sonoma. Sonoma County Community Redevelopment Agency. November 1994. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2014-07-27.
- Michael Acker, The Springs : resort towns of Sonoma Valley. Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 9781467124300. OCLC 962233334.
- Kathleen Thompson Hill; Gerald Hill (1 July 2005). Sonoma Valley: The Secret Wine Country. Globe Pequot Press. p. 282. ISBN 978-0-7627-3444-3.
- "Towns of Sonoma County". Archived from the original on 2007-10-21. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- "Her Beloved Junk Is On The Block". Daily Independent Journal. San Rafael, California. February 17, 1975. p. 15. Retrieved September 14, 2016.Hatfield, Larry B. (March 31, 1969). "Juanita Not Down Or Out, And Planning To Rebuild". San Rafael Daily Independent Journal. San Rafael, California. p. 4. Retrieved September 21, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com. (Subscription required (help)).Craft, Harry (April 11, 1969). "Dining Out and Inns". San Rafael Daily Independent Journal. San Rafael, California. p. 12. Retrieved September 21, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com. (Subscription required (help))."Dining and Wine Guide". San Rafael Daily Independent Journal. San Rafael, California. February 18, 1971. p. S28. Retrieved September 21, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com. (Subscription required (help))."Juanita Musson photo and caption". Hutchinson News. Hutchinson, Kansas. February 18, 1975. p. 3. Retrieved September 21, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com. (Subscription required (help))."Juanita's Restaurant, Hotel Burn, Fear For Waitress". San Rafael Daily Independent Journal. San Rafael, California. March 24, 1975. p. 1. Retrieved September 21, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Fetters Hot Springs-Agua Caliente CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Senators". State of California. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- "California's 5th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
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