Cloverdale, California

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City of Cloverdale
A historic house in Cloverdale.
A historic house in Cloverdale.
Location of Cloverdale in Sonoma County, California.
Location of Cloverdale in Sonoma County, California.
City of Cloverdale is located in the US
City of Cloverdale
City of Cloverdale
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°47′57″N 123°1′2″W / 38.79917°N 123.01722°W / 38.79917; -123.01722Coordinates: 38°47′57″N 123°1′2″W / 38.79917°N 123.01722°W / 38.79917; -123.01722[1]
Country United States
State California
CountySonoma
IncorporatedFebruary 28, 1872[2]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
Area
 • Total3.06 sq mi (7.92 km2)
 • Land3.04 sq mi (7.86 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)  0%
Elevation335 ft (102 m)
Population
 • Total8,618
 • Estimate 
(2016)[6]
8,801
 • Density2,898.88/sq mi (1,119.17/km2)
Demonym(s)Cloverdalian
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95425
Area code707
FIPS code06-14190
GNIS feature IDs277489, 2409487
Websitewww.cloverdale.net

Cloverdale is a city in Sonoma County, California, United States. The San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad reached Cloverdale in 1872. The Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California is headquartered here. The population was 8,618 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Cloverdale began as an early stagecoach stop, known as Markleville, on the Rancho Rincon de Musalacon Mexican grant. In 1856, R.B. Markle and W.J. Miller bought 759 acres (3.1 km2), which included the present site of the town, from Johnson Horrell. In 1859, James Abram Kleiser bought Markle's interest, and the town was laid out. The town was incorporated when the San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad arrived in 1872. By 1878, the railroad service provided three trains a day between Cloverdale and Ferries of San Francisco Bay.[7]

Cloverdale's first post office (circa 1871-1880)

In 1881, Jules Leroux and Armand Dehay established a colony south of Cloverdale named "Icaria Speranza", based on the French Utopian movement, the Icarians. The settlement ended in 1886 and today, there is a marker south of town where the schoolhouse was located.

Cloverdale suffered severe economic hardship, losing 500 to 600 manufacturing jobs between 1988 and 1994, with the closing of a fire equipment factory and the shrinking of the logging industry.[8] In 1993, 300 jobs were eliminated alone when Louisiana-Pacific closed its lumber mill. In 1994, Highway 101, which formerly bisected the town, was rerouted around town with a by-pass. Some businesses closed, and many natives believed the bypass radically changed the town's character.[9]

Since the bypass, signs of civic revival have occurred with the development of pedestrian-friendly sidewalks, a performing arts center, a brewpub, and a downtown plaza hosting live concerts and a farmer's market.[9] In 1997, Clover Springs, a development with 362 houses, was opened on the south end of town. In 2011, the Sonoma County Agricultural Preservation and Open Space District transferred 250 acres of former ranchland to the City of Cloverdale for use as a park and open space preserve.[10]

Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians[edit]

The Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians is a landless federally recognized tribe with a membership of almost 500. In 2008, the Tribe acquired 80 acres at the southern end of town.

The Rancheria is a community of Pomo Indians who are indigenous to Sonoma County and speak the Southern Pomo language. Pomo people are renowned for their basket weaving, done by both men and women. Elsie Allen, considered to be one of the best California basketweavers of her generation, was a member of the Rancheria and spent part of her childhood there.

According to tribal history, the Pomo people lived peacefully in the area since ancient times. The Rancheria was created by the federal government in 1921, when the tribe became federally recognized, and deeded the tribe 27.5 acres on the southern edge of town.

In 1958, the Rancheria was terminated, along with 43 other rancherias in California. This process transferred tribal community land to private ownership.

In 1979, Tillie Hardwick, a Pomo woman, filed a class action suit on behalf of 16 of the illegally terminated rancherias. In 1983, the Courts reinstated the federal recognition of the illegally terminated tribes, including the Cloverdale Rancheria.

In 1994, the Highway 101 bypass cut through the Rancheria land, forcing tribal landowners to sell their property for the freeway.

In 2006, the tribe began efforts to revive and restore their traditional culture. The tribe is also interested in opening up a casino.

Geography[edit]

Cloverdale is located in the northern portion of Sonoma County, about 85 miles (135 km) north of San Francisco.

The city has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), all of it land.

Cloverdale is located in the Wine Country, being part of the Alexander Valley AVA.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cloverdale has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[11] Temperatures in Cloverdale get to over 100 degrees and it is known for having hot dry summers relative to the rest of Sonoma county. The area is prone to drought.

Climate data for Cloverdale (1950-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
86
(30)
91
(33)
100
(38)
107
(42)
116
(47)
115
(46)
114
(46)
113
(45)
106
(41)
95
(35)
83
(28)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 57.4
(14.1)
61.4
(16.3)
65.4
(18.6)
71
(22)
78.5
(25.8)
86.1
(30.1)
91.6
(33.1)
90.9
(32.7)
87
(31)
78
(26)
64.8
(18.2)
57.2
(14)
74.1
(23.4)
Average low °F (°C) 38.2
(3.4)
40.7
(4.8)
42.5
(5.8)
44.9
(7.2)
49.4
(9.7)
54.1
(12.3)
54.9
(12.7)
54.8
(12.7)
53.3
(11.8)
49.4
(9.7)
43.2
(6.2)
38.4
(3.6)
47
(8)
Record low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
21
(−6)
30
(−1)
30
(−1)
35
(2)
36
(2)
41
(5)
42
(6)
39
(4)
32
(0)
27
(−3)
17
(−8)
17
(−8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 9.3
(240)
7.79
(198)
5.45
(138)
2.91
(74)
1.14
(29)
0.2
(10)
0.04
(1)
0.12
(3)
0.52
(13)
2.43
(62)
5.69
(145)
8.26
(210)
43.85
(1,114)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.1
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0)
Average precipitation days 12 11 11 7 4 1 0 1 2 4 9 11 73
Source: WRCC[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880430
189076377.4%
1900750−1.7%
19108239.7%
1920718−12.8%
19307595.7%
19408096.6%
19501,29259.7%
19602,848120.4%
19703,25114.2%
19803,98922.7%
19904,92423.4%
20006,83138.7%
20108,61826.2%
Est. 20168,801[6]2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[14] reported that Cloverdale had a population of 8,618. The population density was 3,255.1 people per square mile (1,256.8/km²). The racial makeup of Cloverdale was 6,458 (74.9%) White, 48 (0.6%) African American, 156 (1.8%) Native American, 98 (1.1%) Asian, 7 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,530 (17.8%) from other races, and 321 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,824 persons (32.8%).

The Census reported that 8,530 people (99.0% of the population) lived in households, 22 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 66 (0.8%) were institutionalized.

There were 3,182 households, out of which 1,087 (34.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,769 (55.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 294 (9.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 159 (5.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 232 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 32 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 747 households (23.5%) were made up of individuals and 373 (11.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 2,222 families (69.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.16.

The population was spread out with 2,054 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 699 people (8.1%) aged 18 to 24, 2,154 people (25.0%) aged 25 to 44, 2,329 people (27.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,382 people (16.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

There were 3,427 housing units at an average density of 1,294.4 per square mile (499.8/km²), of which 2,102 (66.1%) were owner-occupied, and 1,080 (33.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.9%. 5,522 people (64.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,008 people (34.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 6,831 people, 2,495 households, and 1,741 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,708.3 people per square mile (1,046.6/km²). There were 2,619 housing units at an average density of 1,038.3 per square mile (401.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.7% White, 0.18% African American, 3.0% Native American, 1.04% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.30% from other races, and 15.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.7% of the population.

There were 2,495 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,309, and the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $40,036 versus $26,610 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,750. About 7.2% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Cloverdale is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, and in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[16]

In the United States House of Representatives, Cloverdale is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Cloverdale is at the junction of U.S. 101 and State Route 128. The city operates Cloverdale Transit and Cloverdale Municipal Airport. Inter-city transit is provided by Sonoma County Transit. Plans to extend Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit (SMART), a commuter rail service in Sonoma and Marin counties, from its current northern terminus in Santa Rosa to Cloverdale will link the town to a bay ferry terminal in Larkspur. A train station for this purpose already exists on the town's south side.

Notable people[edit]

  • Elsie Allen (1899-1990), Pomo basket maker and teacher regarded as one of the three best California basket makers of her generation
  • Lana Clarkson (1962-2003), actress murdered by music producer Phil Spector; she grew up in Cloverdale
  • David Del Tredici (1937–present), Pulitzer Prize winning 20th and 21st century classical music composer; he was born and spent the first four years of his life in Cloverdale

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cloverdale
  5. ^ "Cloverdale (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 27, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "General Plan". City of Cloverdale.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ http://www.metroactive.com/papers/sonoma/05.02.96/cloverdale-9618.html
  9. ^ a b http://cloverdale.towns.pressdemocrat.com/2011/03/news/cloverdale-fights-economic-blahs/
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Cloverdale, California
  12. ^ "CLOVERDALE, CA (041838)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Cloverdale city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  17. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.

External links[edit]