Fihr ibn Malik

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Fihr ibn Malik (Arabic: فهر بن مالك‎, Fihr ibn Mālik), or simply Fihr (Arabic: فهر‎), is counted among the direct ancestors of Muhammad.[1]:3 In the lineage of Muhammad from Adnan, Fihr precedes Muhammad by eleven generations.[1]:3

Some writers stated that his name was also "Qarish" (hard, diminutive is "Quraysh"), which fits him being the progenitor of the Banu Quraysh tribe. However most genealogists reject this version.

According to Ibn Ishaq Fihr defended Mecca against the Himyarite King of Yemen who wanted transfer the Kaaba to Yemen.[1]:41 A sharp engagement followed in which Himyar were defeated, and Hassan Bin Kilal Bin Dhi Hadath al-Himyari was taken prisoner by Fihr for two years until he paid his ransom.[1] This story however was rejected by some Muslim scholars who argued that they have never heard of it and that Khuza'a in charge of Kabaa at the time of Hassan Ibn Kilal not Quraysh.[2]

He is the common ancestor of all the ten promised paradise as all of them belonged to the Quraysh Tribe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ibn Ishaq; Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Isḥāq’s sīrat. London. ISBN 0195778286.
  2. ^ "المفصل فى تاريخ العرب قبل الإسلام • الموقع الرسمي للمكتبة الشاملة". shamela.ws (in Arabic). Retrieved 2018-10-19.