Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

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Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
Name
Flag of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
The Sun-Sea-Sand Banner
Use National flag
Proportion 3:5
Adopted 31 August 1962
Design A red field with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist-side to the lower fly-side.
Civil Ensign of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
Variant flag of Trinidad and Tobago
Name Civil ensign of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Use Civil and state ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design A red field with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist-side to the lower fly-side.
Naval Ensign of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
Variant flag of Trinidad and Tobago
Name Naval ensign of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 1:2

The flag of Trinidad and Tobago was adopted upon independence from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1962. Designed by Carlisle Chang (1921–2001),[1][2][3] the flag was chosen by the independence committee of 1962. Red, black and white symbolize fire (the sun, representing courage), earth (representing dedication) and water (representing purity and equality).[4]

Design[edit]

The Flag of Trinidad and Tobago is a red field with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist-side to the lower fly-side. In blazon, Gules, a bend Sable fimbriated Argent.

Construction[edit]

The flag of Trinidad and Tobago flying at the San Fernando Hill, San Fernando in July 2009.

The width of the white stripes is 130 of the flag length and the width of the black stripe is 215. The total width of the three stripes together is therefore 15 of the length.[5]

Other flags[edit]

The civil ensign is the national flag in a 1:2 ratio. The naval ensign (used by coast guard vessels) is a British white ensign with the national flag in the canton.

British colonial flag[edit]

Prior to independence from the United Kingdom in August 1962, Trinidad and Tobago used a British blue ensign defaced with a circular badge depicting a ship arriving in front of a mountain.

Similar flags[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carlisle Chang", Ministry of Community Development, Culture and the Arts, Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
  2. ^ "National flag of Trinidad and Tobago - Carlisle Chang", YouTube.
  3. ^ Carlisle Chang biography, NALIS.
  4. ^ Trinidad and Tobago government website
  5. ^ Flagspot