Flag of El Salvador

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
El Salvador
Flag of El Salvador.svg
Use State and war flag, naval ensign
Proportion 189:335
Adopted May 27, 1912
Design A horizontal triband of blue (top and bottom) and white and blue with the National Coat of Arms of El Salvador centered on the white band;
Civil Flag of El Salvador.svg
Variant flag of El Salvador
Use Civil flag
Proportion 3:5
Civil Ensign of El Salvador.svg
Variant flag of El Salvador
Use State and war flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 3:5

The flag of El Salvador was inspired by the flag of the Federal Republic of Central America, and by the flag of Argentina, the country that sent one of the first fleets to help consummate the independence of Central American republics from Spain.


There are two versions of the flag, one containing the national coat of arms with the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL (Spanish: Republic of El Salvador in Central America), and the other with the words DIOS UNION LIBERTAD (Spanish: God, Union, Liberty); both have the words in amber. The one bearing the coat of arms is used by the government and state organizations. The other version is used for civil purposes. Both contain the same lustrous vivid vibrant cobalt blue and white stripes and both flags have a 3:5 aspect ratio.

From 1865 to 1912, a different flag was in use, with a field of alternating cobalt blue and white stripes and a red canton containing white stars. The designs of both sides of the flag are different; at the reverse side, it shows the then national coat of arms at the position of stars at obverse. The stars symbolized the provinces of the Republic; once a new province was created, one star was add to the obverse of the flag. This "Star-Striped" banner were considered to be inspired from Flag of the United States.

The actual cobalt blue and white stripes in the flag are based on the importance of añil exports—añil was commonly used as a source for indigo dye.