Flag of Namibia
|Use||National flag and ensign|
|Adopted||21 March 1990|
|Design||A white-edged red diagonal band radiating from the lower hoist-side corner. The upper triangle is blue, charged with a gold sun with 12 triangular rays and the lower triangle is green.|
|Designed by||Theo Jankowski|
The flag of Namibia was adopted on 21 March 1990 upon independence from South Africa.
The National Symbols Sub-Committee received 870 entries for the national flag. Six designs were short-listed; this was reduced to three, those of three Namibians - Theo Jankowski of Rehoboth, Don Stevenson of Windhoek and Ortrud Clay of Lüderitz. These three designs were combined to form the Namibia national flag, adopted unanimously on 2 February 1990 by the Constituent Assembly. The three designers were publicly acknowledged by judge Hans Berker, the chairman of the subcommittee, at the unveiling ceremony on 9 March 1990.
However, two other claims were made - South African Frederick Brownell claimed that he had designed the flag in his role as South African State Herald. The other claimant was Briton Roy Allen who claimed that the flag design was the result of a competition run by Hannes Smith of the Windhoek Observer, and that he had won.
The chairman explained the symbolism of the flag's colours as follows:
- Red - represents Namibia's most important resource, its people. It refers to their heroism and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all.
- White - refers to peace and unity.
- Green - symbolises vegetation and agricultural resources.
- Blue - represents the clear Namibian sky and the Atlantic Ocean, the country's precious water resources and rain.
- Golden-yellow sun - life and energy.
The flag has a white-edged red diagonal band radiating diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner. The upper triangle is blue with a gold sun with 12 triangular rays and the lower triangle is green.
In Blazon: Tierced per bend sinister Azure, and Vert, a bend sinister Gules fimbriated Argent and in dexter chief a Sun with twelve straight rays Or charged with an annulet Azure.
Flag of German South-West Africa from 24 April 1884 to 9 July 1915.
Proposed flag of German South-West Africa in 1914, but it was never implemented.
- Kangootui, Herman; Amagola, Elizabeth (14 June 2018). "The Namibian flag: Its origins and spirit that inspire the nation". New Era.
- (reported by) FG Brownell (December 1990), Coats of Arms and Flags in Namibia (A series of 8 articles.)
- Schütz, Helge (23 October 2015). "Allen from Plymouth ... The man who designed the Namibian flag". The Namibian.