Philippine Military Academy

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Philippine Military Academy
Akademiyang Militar ng Pilipinas
Philippine Military Academy seal.png
Latin: Philippine Academiae Militaris
Former names
Officer's School, Philippine Constabulary (1905–1926)
Philippine Constabulary Academy (1926–1935)
Motto Courage, Integrity, Loyalty
Type Military academy
Established February 17, 1905
Superintendent MGen Donato B San Juan, AFP
Location Loakan, Fort Gregorio del Pilar, Baguio, Benguet, Philippines
Campus Fort del Pilar (373 hectares)
Hymn PMA Alma Mater Song
Nickname PMA Cavaliers-"Bok" or "Mistah"
Affiliations NDCP, AFP
PMA Facade.JPG

The Philippine Military Academy (PMA; Filipino: Akademiyang Militar ng Pilipinas) is the Philippine military school of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.[1] PMA was established on December 21, 1936 by the virtue of Commonwealth Act № 1 or the National Defense Act.[2] The Academy is located in the city of Baguio, Benguet.[3] It is the training school for future officers of the AFP.[4][5]


An Officer's School of the Philippine Constabulary was established on February 17, 1905 within the walls of Intramuros in Manila.[6] This school was later relocated to Baguio on September 1, 1908, at Camp Henry Allen where it would stay for many years to come. After the Philippine Legislature passed Act No. 3496 on September 8, 1926, the school was renamed the Philippine Constabulary Academy and courses were lengthened from nine months to three years. Just as the PC started with American and Filipino officers, the school had American and Filipino officer cadets in its student body.

When the National Defense Act was approved on December 21, 1935, the Philippine Constabulary Academy was renamed Philippine Military Academy and was permitted to grant its graduates Bachelor of Science degrees after completion of their four-year curriculum.[7] PMA was modeled after the United States Military Academy with officers from the Philippine Scouts and regular United States Army as instructors and members of the general staff.[8][9]

Facade of Melchor Hall, PMA

With the outbreak of World War II, training was disrupted at the PMA with Classes 1942 and 1943 being graduated prematurely and assigned to combat units in Bataan and other parts of the country. Many of these young officers perished in the war.

After the War, the Academy was reopened on May 5, 1947, at Camp Henry T. Allen in Baguio. But due to its increasing need for larger grounds, it was soon moved to its present location at Fort General Gregorio H. del Pilar, Loakan, some ten kilometers from downtown Baguio.[citation needed] The main building, Melchor Hall, was completed in 1949 under the supervision of military engineer, Lt. Pacifico C. Cabrera, a decorated WWII hero, who later as a full colonel, became Chief of Engineers of the AFP. During the 1960s, as a need for more well-rounded individuals was found to be desirable, and socio-humanistic courses were added to the school's curriculum.

1993 proved a momentous year for the PMA as its first female cadets were admitted and specialization based on branch-of-service was introduced into the curriculum. The first female cadets graduated from the Academy in 1997.

In 1998, a proclamation by the President of the Philippines, while acknowledging the academy's traditional roots lay with the 1905 founding of the Philippine Constabulary school, changed the official celebration day of the academy to October 25, in honour of the Academia Militar which was established on October 25, 1898 in Malolos, Bulacan.[6] Other sources have since acknowledged this change.[10][11] The Academia Militar was opened during the establishment of the insurgent First Philippine Republic. It was closed on on January 20, 1899, before the Philippine–American War, and had been the first ever all-Filipino military academy.[12]


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