Fort Patience

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Fort Lijdzaamheid
Part of Dutch Gold Coast
The National Archives UK - CO 1069-34-56-1-001.jpg
Photograph of Fort Patience from the 1890s
Fort Lijdzaamheid is located in Ghana
Fort Lijdzaamheid
Fort Lijdzaamheid
Coordinates 5°17′10″N 0°43′41″W / 5.286°N 0.7281°W / 5.286; -0.7281
Site history
Built 1697 (1697)
Garrison information
Occupants Netherlands (1697-1868)
UNESCO World Heritage site
Official name Fort Patience (Fort Leydsaemheyt)
Location Apam, Central Region, Ghana
Part of Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions
Criteria Cultural: (vi)
Reference 34-003
Inscription 1979 (3rd Session)

Fort Patience (Dutch: Fort Lijdzaamheid, or, in 17th-century spelling, Fort Leydsaemheyt) is a Dutch-built fort located in the township of Apam, in the Central Region of Ghana.


The fort was first built as a stone trading lodge in 1697 at the request of the King of Acron, with whom the Dutch had a treaty, and which was situated between the kingdoms of Fante and Agona, with whom the British had a treaty. The executives of the Dutch West India Company were quite wary to establish a fort in an area with minimal trade, and only consented on the condition that it would be built at minimal costs.[1] The Acron were not happy with this, and frequently threatened the Dutch with expulsion if they would not extend the fortifications. As a result, it took the Dutch five years to complete the building, which is why they gave it the name Fort Patience.[2]

By 1721 the lodge had been converted into a defensive fortification, which sat on a craggy peninsula just out from the township to the south, offering a commanding view of Apam's harbour to the north, and the Gulf Of Guinea coast to the south, east, and west.

Early in 1782, Captain Thomas Shirley in the 50-gun ship Leander and the sloop-of-war Alligator sailed to the Dutch Gold Coast. Britain was at war with The Netherlands and Shirley captured the small Dutch forts at Moree (Fort Nassau - 20 guns), Kormantin (Courmantyne or Fort Amsterdam - 32 guns), Apam (Fort Lijdzaamheid or Fort Patience - 22 guns), Senya Beraku (Fort Goede Hoop - 18 guns), and Accra (Fort Crêvecoeur - 32 guns).[3]


  1. ^ Van Dantzig 1999, p. 45.
  2. ^ Van Dantzig 1999, pp. 46-47.
  3. ^ Crooks, John Joseph (1973), Records Relating to the Gold Coast Settlements from 1750 To 1874 (London: Taylor & Francis), p. 62. ISBN 978-0-7146-1647-6


External links[edit]

Media related to Fort Apam at Wikimedia Commons