Philipe in 1955
Gérard Albert Philip
4 December 1922
|Died||25 November 1959 (aged 36)|
Gérard Philipe (born Gérard Albert Philip, 4 December 1922 – 25 November 1959) was a prominent French actor who appeared in 34 films between 1944 and 1959. Active in both theater and cinema, he was, until his untimely death, one of the main stars of the post-war period. His image has remained youthful and romantic, which has made him one of the icons of French cinema.
Life and career
Born Gérard Albert Philip in Cannes in a well-off family, he was of one quarter Czech ancestry from his maternal grandmother. His father, Marcel Philip (1893–1973), was a barrister and businessman in Cannes; his mother was Maria Elisa "Minou" Philip, née Vilette (1894–1970). On his mother's advice, in 1944 Gérard changed his surname from "Philip" to "Philipe".
As a teenager Philipe took acting lessons before going to Paris to study at the Conservatoire of Dramatic Art.
Philippe had a lead role in The Idiot (1946), an adaptation of the novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky, co-starring Edwige Feuillère for director Georges Lampin. This was widely seen overseas and established Philippe as a leading man. He was in Ouvert pour cause d'inventaire (1946), a short film that was an early work for Alain Renais.
He went on to star in La Chartreuse de Parme (1948) for director Christian-Jacque, which was even more popular than Devil in the Flesh. He followed it with Such a Pretty Little Beach (1949) for Yves Allégret; All Roads Lead to Rome (1949), a reunion with Presle, for Jean Boyer; and Beauty and the Devil (1950) for René Clair.
In 1951, Philipe married Nicole Fourcade (1917–1990), an actress/writer, with whom he had two children. She adopted the pseudonym, Anne Philipe, and wrote about her husband in two books, the first called Souvenirs (1960) and a second biography titled Le Temps d'un soupir (No Longer Than a Sigh, 1963).
Philippe was in Juliette, or Key of Dreams (1951) with Suzanne Cloutier for Marcel Carné; The Seven Deadly Sins (1952), an all-star anthology film; and Fan Fan the Tulip (1953), a swashbuckling adventure with Gina Lollobrigida for Christian-Jacque which was very popular.
He was in Beauties of the Night (1952), again with Lollobrigida, and Martine Carol, directed by Clair; The Proud and the Beautiful (1953) with Michèle Morgan; two more all-star anthologies: It Happened in the Park (1953) and Royal Affairs in Versailles (1954).
He died from liver cancer while working on a film project in Paris, a few days short of his 37th birthday. (His doctors concealed from him the nature of his disease.) In accordance with his last wishes, he is buried, dressed in the costume of Don Rodrigue (The Cid), in the village cemetery in Ramatuelle, Var near the Mediterranean coast.
To commemorate the centenary of the cinema in 1995, the French government issued a series of limited edition coins that included a 100 franc coin bearing the image of Philipe. Among the most popular French actors of modern times, he has been elevated to mythic status in his homeland, not least because of his early death at the peak of his popularity.
"Rue Gérard-Philipe" is a street in the 16th arrondissement of Paris named in his honour.
In 1986, his portrait appeared on a French commemorative postage stamp.
The "Gérard-Philipe Theater" (TGP) in Paris was named after him.  From 1962 to 2000 the "Grand Prix Gérard-Philipe de la Ville de Paris" was awarded almost annually by the city of Paris for the best actress or best actor at a Parisian theater. Prize winners included Gérard Depardieu, Daniel Auteuil, Maria de Medeiros and Isabelle Carré.
There is also a film festival named in his honour as well as a number of theatres and schools (such as the College Gérard Philipe – Cogolin) in various parts of France. While he has been scarcely less respected in Germany than in his native country, a cultural centre is still named after him in Berlin. 
|1944||Les Petites du quai aux fleurs||Jérôme Hardy||Marc Allégret|
|1945||La boîte aux rêves||Un homme||Yves Allégret and Jean Choux||Uncredited|
|1946||Land Without Stars||Simon Legouge / Frédéric Talacayud||Georges Lacombe|
|The Idiot||Le prince Muichkine||Georges Lampin|
|Ouvert pour cause d'inventaire||Alain Resnais|
|1947||Devil in the Flesh||François Jaubert||Claude Autant-Lara|
|1948||The Charterhouse of Parma||Fabrice del Dongo||Christian Jaque|
|1949||Such a Pretty Little Beach||Pierre Monet||Yves Allégret|
|All Roads Lead to Rome||Gabriel Pégase||Jean Boyer|
|1950||Beauty and the Devil||Young Henri Faust||René Clair|
|La Ronde||the Count||Max Ophüls|
|Lost Souvenirs||Gérard de Narçay||Christian-Jacque||(segment "Une cravate de fourrure")|
|1951||Juliette, or Key of Dreams||Michel Grandier||Marcel Carné|
|Saint-Louis, ange de la paix||Narrator||Robert Darène||Voice|
|1952||The Seven Deadly Sins||the carnival banker / the painter||Georges Lacombe||(segment "Huitième péché, Le / Eighth Sin, The")|
|Fanfan la Tulipe||Fanfan La Tulipe||Christian-Jaque|
|Beauties of the Night||Claude||René Clair|
|1953||The Proud and the Beautiful||Georges||Yves Allégret|
|It Happened in the Park||Carlo||Gianni Franciolini||(segment: Gli amanti)|
|1954||Royal Affairs in Versailles||D'Artagnan||Sacha Guitry|
|Knave of Hearts||Andre Ripois||René Clément|
|Le Rouge et le Noir||Julien Sorel||Claude Autant-Lara|
|1955||The Grand Maneuver||Le lieutenant Armand de la Verne||René Clair|
|The Best Part||Philippe Perrin – l'ingénieur en chef||Yves Allégret|
|1956||If Paris Were Told to Us||Le Trouvère||Sacha Guitry|
|Les Aventures de Till L'Espiègle||Till Eulenspiegel||Gérard Philipe and Joris Ivens|
|Sur les rivages de l'ambre||Narrator (French version) / Récitant||Jerzy Kalina||Voice|
|1957||The House of Lovers||Octave Mouret||Julien Duvivier|
|1958||The Lovers of Montparnasse||Amedeo Modigliani||Jacques Becker|
|La Vie à deux||Désiré||Clément Duhour|
|Le Joueur||Alexei Ivanovich||Claude Autant-Lara|
|1959||Les Liaisons dangereuses||Vicomte de Valmont||Roger Vadim|
|La Fièvre Monte à El Pao||Ramon Vasquez||Luis Buñuel|
- Le Petit Prince (1954)
- La Vie de W.-A. Mozart – racontée aux enfants (1954)
- Pierre et le Loup (Peter And The Wolf by Sergei Prokofiev) with the Symphony Orchestra of the USSR (1956)
- Perisset, Maurice (1979). Alain Lefeuvre (ed.). Gérard Philipe ou la jeunesse du monde. Nice. p. 22.
- Hackett, Hazel. "THE FRENCH CINEMA SINCE THE LIBERATION". Sight and Sound. 15 (58 (Summer 1946)). London. p. 48.
- Watt, Alexander (Dec 9, 1946). "THE FRENCH THEATRE: Old Vic's Success; Existentialist's Herror Play". The Scotsman. Edinburgh, Scotland. p. 4.
- "Of Local Origin". New York Times. Feb 4, 1948. p. 28.
- "FILMLAND BRIEFS". Los Angeles Times. 2 June 1948. p. 23.
- "FRENCH FILM WINS PRIZE AT BRUSSELS". New York Times. 1 July 1947. p. 30.
- "Box Office Success of Gerard Philippe films". Box Office Story.
- "Young Men Produce War Film". Los Angeles Times. Dec 6, 1953. p. E3.
- Jacks, Allen (Mar 1, 1953). "No. 1 in Europe, Gina Throws Curves at U.S.". Los Angeles Times. p. D4.
- HOWARD THOMPSON (July 6, 1952). "BY WAY OF REPORT: Robert Sylvester's New Novel -- 'Kong' Again". New York Times. p. X3.
- CYNTHIA GRENIER (Oct 11, 1959). "GALLIC CENSORS POUNCE; MLLE. 'B. B.' SUBSIDES". New York Times. p. X9.
- Lennon, Peter (Jan 25, 1960). "GERARD PHILIPPE'S LAST FILM". The Irish Times. p. 8.
- "Gérard Philipe". Find a Grave. October 25, 1999.
- "Official Website of the Gérard-Philipe Theater"
- "Kulturzentrum Gérard-Philipe - Berlin"
Stupková, Laurence (April 12, 2001). "Gérard Philippe : comédien français très aimé des Tchèques". Prague.
- Capua, Michelangelo (2008). Gérard Philipe. Alessandria: Edizioni Falsopiano.
- Sadoul, Georges (1962). Gérard Philipe. Belin: Henschelverlag.
- Le Coz, Martine (March–April 1997). "Gérard Philipe, héros stendhalien". Avant-Scène du Cinéma. Paris.
- Stupková, Laurence (April 12, 2001). "Gérard Philippe : comédien français très aimé des Tchèques". Prague.
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