Gadobenic acid

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Gadobenic acid
Structure of Gadobenic acid.png
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Chemical and physical data
FormulaC22H28GdN3O11
Molar mass667.72 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
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Gadobenic acid (INN, trade name MultiHance) is a complex of gadolinium with the ligand BOPTA. In the form of the methylglucamine salt meglumine gadobenate (INNm) or gadobenate dimeglumine (USAN), it is used as a gadolinium-based MRI contrast medium.[1]

BOPTA is a derivative of DTPA in which one terminal carboxyl group, –C(O)OH is replaced by -C–O–CH2C6H5. Thus gadobenic acid is closely related to gadopentetic acid. BOPTA itself was first synthesized in 1995.[2] In the "gadobenate" ion gadolinium ion is 9-coordinate with BOPTA acting as an 8-coordinating ligand. The ninth position is occupied by a water molecule, which exchanges rapidly with water molecules in the immediate vicinity of the strongly paramagnetic complex, providing a mechanism for MRI contrast enhancement. 139La NMR studies on the diamagnetic La-BOPTA2− complex suggest that the Gd complex maintains in solution the same kind of coordination as found, by X-ray crystallography, in the solid state for Gd-BOPTA disodium salt.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Sweetman, Sean C., ed. (2009). "Contrast Media". Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference (36th ed.). London: Pharmaceutical Press. p. 1478. ISBN 978-0-85369-840-1.
  2. ^ a b Uggeri F, Aime S, Anelli PL, Botta M, Brocchetta M, de Haeen C, Ermondi G, Grandi M, Paoli P (1995). "Novel Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Synthesis and Characterization of the Ligand BOPTA and Its Ln(III) Complexes (Ln = Gd, La, Lu). X-ray Structure of Disodium (TPS-9-145337286-C-S)-[4-Carboxy-5,8,11-tris(carboxymethyl)-1-phenyl-2-oxa- 5,8,11-triazatridecan-13-oato(5-)]gadolinate(2-) in a Mixture with Its Enantiomer". Inorganic Chemistry. 34 (3): 633–643. doi:10.1021/ic00107a017. ISSN 0020-1669.