Gaerwen

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Gaerwen
Gaerwenwindmill.jpg
One of Gaerwen's windmills
Gaerwen is located in Anglesey
Gaerwen
Gaerwen
Location within Anglesey
Population1,551 (2011)
OS grid referenceSH4675
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGAERWEN
Postcode districtLL60
Dialling code01248
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Anglesey
53°13′20″N 4°16′48″W / 53.2222°N 4.28°W / 53.2222; -4.28Coordinates: 53°13′20″N 4°16′48″W / 53.2222°N 4.28°W / 53.2222; -4.28

Gaerwen (Welsh pronunciation) is a village on the island of Anglesey in the community of Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog. It is located in the south of the island 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Llanfairpwllgwyngyll and 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Llangefni . The A5 runs through the village, and the A55 runs just a few hundred metres north. According to the 2011 Census Gaerwen is now listed by the Office for National Statistics as Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog.[clarification needed] The population of the community is 1,551.[1] Gaerwen and Pentre Berw, Llangaffo are trio villages.

The village gets its name from a combination of the Welsh words Caer (mutated to Gaer), meaning 'fortification', and Wen, meaning 'white'. There are no clear remains of a fort in the area, although the name was originally that of a farm in the area, before becoming the name for the entire settlement. [2]

Gaerwen Hoard[edit]

An important Bronze Age hoard was found near Gaerwen in the nineteenth century. Comprising 2 gold lockrings and 2 penannular bracelets, it is now in the collections of the British Museum.[3]

Attractions[edit]

Facilities in Gaerwen include two public houses, and four churches. There are two disused windmills in the north of the village and a modern industrial estate making up the south west portion.

There is a primary school and a football pitch in the middle of the village. There is also a fish and chip shop with a barber shop next door. A science park on the south of the A55 Junction was opened in 2018.

There is a war memorial at the heart of the village paying tribute to those who fell in both World Wars.

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward electoral of the same name as the Community exists. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 2,016.[4]

Rail lines[edit]

The village houses the southernmost station of the Anglesey Central Railway, which was in use between 1864 and 1993. It was also used on the Bangor to Holyhead mainline until 1963.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community Population 2011". Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  2. ^ Jones, Gwilym; Roberts, Tomos (1996). Enwau Lleoedd Môn : The Place-Names of Anglesey. Bangor, Wales: University of Wales Press. p. 125. ISBN 0-904567-71-0.
  3. ^ British Museum Collection
  4. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 19 May 2015.