Genesee & Wyoming Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Genesee & Wyoming Australia
IndustryRailway operator
PredecessorAustralian National
Founded1 June 2006
Area served
Northern Territory
South Australia
Key people
Greg Pauline (MD)
ParentGenesee & Wyoming (51%)
Macquarie Infrastructure & Real Assets (49%)

Genesee & Wyoming Australia (GWA) is an Australian rail freight operator company. It is a subsidiary of Genesee & Wyoming (51%) and Macquarie Infrastructure & Real Assets (49%).


700 class leading a Penrice Stone Train through Birkenhead in June 2005
CL class leads a GM class and two 22 class locomotives near Geelong in July 2007

On 1 November 1997, Genesee & Wyoming acquired the South Australian rail freight assets of Australian National from the Australian Government including a 50-year lease on the network from the Government of South Australia.[1][2][3][4] Operations commenced in November 1997 with the operation branded Australian Southern Railroad (ASR).[5][6]

In 1999, GWA commenced operating services from Adelaide to Melbourne for Patrick Corporation.[7] On 1 December 1999, GWA took over operation of the BHP network in Whyalla.[8]

In December 2000, Australian Railroad Group (ARG), a 50-50 joint venture between Genesee & Wyoming and Wesfarmers took over the Westrail freight business in Western Australia with the operation rebranded Australian Western Railroad (AWR).[9][10] As part of the joint venture agreement, ownership of ASR passed to the ARG.[11] In 2002 both ASR and AWR were brought together under the ARG brand.[12][13]

In May 2001, ARG commenced operating services from Adelaide to Sydney via Broken Hill and Cootamundra.[14] In December 2003, it commenced operating services within New South Wales when it commenced a five year contract to haul flour, grain and starch for the Manildra Group.[15]

On 1 June 2006, ARG sold its Western Australian operations to Queensland Rail and WestNet Rail.[16]:27[17] Simultaneously, Wesfarmers sold its 50% interest in the remainder of ARG to Genesee & Wyoming with the operation rebranded Genesee & Wyoming Australia.[18]

In 2008 GWA signed a five-year deal with ABB Grain to haul grain trains in Victoria.[19]

In June 2010 GWA purchased the assets of FreightLink from its receivers leading to GWA taking over operation of freight trains on the Adelaide–Darwin railway.[20][21][22] After this transaction, GWA became the largest of the 11 Genesee & Wyoming operating regions around the world.[5]

On 1 December 2016 GWA in conjunction with Macquarie Infrastructure & Real Assets (MIRA), acquired Glencore's Hunter Valley business. GWI concurrently issued a 49% equity stake in G&W Australia.[23][24]:17[25]

GWA already operated the Glencore rail assets with fellow Genesee & Wyoming subsidiary Freightliner already operating a 20-year contract, annually hauling some 40 million tonnes of coal to the Port of Newcastle.[26]


GWA operates trains on broad 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in), narrow 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) and standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge lines throughout South Australia and the Northern Territory, and in New South Wales and Victoria.[27][26] Major traffic flows include intermodal, grain, gypsum, iron ore, manganese, copper and other minerals over a 5,000-kilometre (3,100 mi) network.[28]

When GWA operates over track networks owned by others, including networks owned by the Australian Government and state governments, the owners of the network rather than the operators are responsible for scheduling the use of the tracks as well as for determining the amount and timing of the expenditures necessary to maintain the network in satisfactory condition. Therefore, in areas where GWA operates over tracks owned by others, it is subject to train scheduling set by the owners as well as the risk that the network will not be adequately maintained.[16]:24

In South Australia, if demand for services on a line ceases and no new demand eventuates, the rail track is classified as discontinued and put into a dormant state on care and maintenance for a period of five years. During this period GWA are responsible for ongoing care, security and maintenance that includes maintaining the working order of all equipment, i.e. level crossings, signals, controls and switches so that a train can operate within 24 hours notice and will reinstate at its own cost if an access seeker negotiates to return a train to operation. The discontinued track is transferred back to the South Australian Government after five years if services do not return.[29]


Under a 50-year contract that expires in 2047[16]:27, GWA leases the following lines from the Government of South Australia:[30]

Broad Gauge[edit]

Narrow Gauge[edit]

Standard Gauge[edit]

Note: GWA also operates on the interstate Australian Rail Track Corporation standard gauge lines and provides train control functions for the northern Australia railway from Northgate Block Point (near Tarcoola in SA) to Berrimah freight terminal (near Darwin) which is owned by the Asia-Pacific Transport Consortium. Northgate Block Point is 510 km (320 mi) from Coonamia (Port Pirie) in SA and Berrimah freight terminal is 2,754 km (1,711 mi) from Coonamia. Add approximately 220 km (140 mi) for distances from Adelaide. The 50-year lease on the Adelaide–Darwin railway was transferred to GWA with the purchase of FreightLink in 2011.

Locomotive fleet[edit]

As at October 2014, GWA owned 102 diesel-electric locomotives.[34]

Class Image No.
Gauge Max.
when new;
500 500 class South Australian Loco.jpg 1 Standard 80 1964 SAR
(500 class)
700 Penrice limestone train, Tanunda.JPG 3 Standard 115 1971 SAR
(700 class)
830 830 class loco-South Australia-1983.jpg 2 10 Broad,
115 1960–
(830 class)
900 Penrice limestone train2.jpg 6 Broad,
115 1960–
(830 class
DA variant)
1200 AA1517 Kelmscott-Challis, 1986 cropped.jpg 2 Narrow 1960–
(A class)
1300 4 Narrow 1956–
(DE class)
1600 1606 Thevenard, 2017 (01).jpg 3 1 Narrow 1971 CR
(NJ class)
1900 D 1562 Bunbury Port, 2004.jpg 1 Narrow 1972 WAGR
(D class)
2200 Nsw-asr-2208-newport.jpg 5 Standard 115 1969–
Dept of

(422 class)
ALF 7 Standard 115 1976–
(AL class)
CK VR-T413.jpg 4 Narrow 100 1967–
(T class)
CLF Arg-intermodal-lara-australia.jpg 2 Standard 115 1970–
(CL class)
CLP G&W-grain-train-geelong-australia.jpg 4 Standard 115 1970–
(CL class)
FJ J104 Forrestfield, 1986.JPG 2 Standard 115 1966 WAGR
(J class)
FQ Arrival of the first Ghan into Darwin.jpg 4 Standard 115 2003 FreightLink
(FQ class)
GM GM43 train.JPG 1 9 Standard 115 1965–
(GM class)
GWA SCT-class-locomotive.jpg 10 Standard 115 2011–
(GWA class)
GWN QRNATIONAL 4140.JPG 5 Narrow 100 2012 GWA
(GWN class)
GWU ARG AC4305 North Dynon.jpg 9 Standard 115 2012 GWA
(GWU class)
XRN 30 Standard 115 2010-12 Xstrata Glencore


  1. ^ "Australia Southern Railroad" Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin August 2000 pp283-284
  2. ^ "Here & There" Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin issue 720 October 1997 page 382
  3. ^ "AN Sale: Private Owners Go From Zero to Three" Railway Digest October 1997 page 8
  4. ^ "Three groups take on AN remains" Railway Gazette International October 1997 page 703
  5. ^ a b "GWA history". Genesee & Wyoming Australia. Genesee & Wyoming Australia Pty Ltd. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Genesee and Wyoming Starts up with New Name" Railway Digest December 1997 page 8
  7. ^ "ASR Rail Shuttle Takes Trucks out of Port Adelaide" Railway Digest September 1999 page 15
  8. ^ "ASR Takes Over BHP Whyalla Steel Lines" Railway Digest January 2000 page 13
  9. ^ "Australian Railroad Group buys Westrail freight" Railway Digest October 2000 page 23
  10. ^ Company History Wesfarmers
  11. ^ "Here & There" Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin issue 763 May 2001 page 195
  12. ^ "ASR, AWR and ANR become Australian Railroad Group" Railway Digest September 2002 page 8
  13. ^ "Intelligence" Railway Gazette International October 2002 page 612
  14. ^ "ASR Starts Adelaide - Sydney Service" Railway Digest July 2001 page 5
  15. ^ "ARG wins Manildra contract from Pacific National" Railway Digest November 2003 page 5
  16. ^ a b c Genesee & Wyoming Inc. Annual Report 2006 (PDF). Darien, Connecticut, United States: Genesee & Wyoming Inc. 2006.
  17. ^ Sale of Australian Railroad Group Wesfarmers 14 February 2006
  18. ^ "Australian Railroad Group sold to QR" Railway Digest March 2006 page 4
  19. ^ "ABB Grain in five-year deal with GWA" Sydney Morning Herald 17 September 2008
  20. ^ FreightLink-owned Adelaide-Darwin railway to be sold to US company Genesee & Wyoming Adelaide Advertiser 9 June 2010
  21. ^ Genesee & Wyoming Signs Deal to Acquire Freightlink 11 June 2010
  22. ^ "Genesee & Wyoming Inc. Signs Agreement to Acquire FreightLink". PRNewswire. 9 June 2010.
  23. ^ GW and Macquarie t buy Glencore Rail coal haulage business Railway Gazette International 20 October 2016
  24. ^ Genesee & Wyoming Inc. Annual Report 2016 (PDF). Darien, Connecticut, United States: Genesee & Wyoming Inc. 2016.
  25. ^ "G&W Australia strengthens hand with Glencore purchase" Track & Signal January 2017 page 91
  26. ^ a b Wiggins, Jenny (20 October 2016). "Genesee & Wyoming $1.1b GRail win opens NSW rail haulage to competition". Financial Review. Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  27. ^ Western Victorian Railfan Guide
  28. ^ Genesee & Wyoming Australia Rail Operations Genesee & Wyoming Inc
  29. ^ "Freight Study and Rail Operations Investigation" "Regional Development Australia - Murraylands and Riverland Inc" 17 November 2014
  30. ^ Network map Genesee & Wyoming Australia
  31. ^ "Penrice soda ash plant at Osborne closing" ABC News 24 June 2014
  32. ^ "Penrice stoney and SBR iron trains cease" Railway Digest August 2014 page 19
  33. ^ a b "Mallee rail lines to be used this season" Railway Digest October 2014 page 20
  34. ^ "Australia Wide Fleet List 2014" Motive Power issue 96 November 2014 pages 67-68