Geography of Suriname

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Geography of Suriname
Suriname-CIA WFB Map.png
ContinentSouth America
Coordinates4°00′N 56°00′W / 4.000°N 56.000°W / 4.000; -56.000
AreaRanked 90th
 • Total163,820 km2 (63,250 sq mi)
 • Land95.33%
 • Water4.67%
Coastline386 km (240 mi)
Borderstotal length 1,707 km (1,061 mi)
Highest pointJuliana Top
1,230 meters (4,040 ft)
Lowest pointCaribbean Sea
0 metres (0 ft)
Longest riverCourantyne River
724 km (450 mi)
Largest lakeBrokopondo Reservoir
1,560 km (970 mi)
Exclusive economic zone127,772 km2 (49,333 sq mi)
Suriname map of Köppen climate classification.
Topographic map of Suriname

Suriname is located in the northern part of South America and is part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. It is mostly covered by tropical rainforest, containing a great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, are increasingly threatened by new development. There is a relatively small population, most of which live along the coast.


Geographic coordinates: 4°00′N 56°00′W / 4.000°N 56.000°W / 4.000; -56.000

Continent: South America


Total: 163,820 square kilometers (63,250 sq mi)
Land: 156,000 square kilometers (60,000 sq mi)
Water: 7,820 square kilometers (3,020 sq mi)

Area - comparative: See order of magnitude 1 E+11 m². Slightly larger than the US state of Georgia.

Land boundaries[edit]

Total: 1,703 kilometers (1,058 mi)

Border countries:

Coastline: 386 kilometers (240 mi)

Maritime claims[edit]

Exclusive economic zone: 127,772 km2 (49,333 sq mi) and 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)

Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)

Climate and terrain[edit]


Most of the country is made up of rolling hills, but there is a narrow coastal plain that has swampy terrain.

A recent global remote sensing analysis suggested that there were 781km² of tidal flats in Suriname, making it the 34th ranked country in terms of tidal flat area. [1]

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Unnamed location in the coastal plain - 2 meters (6.6 ft) below Sea Level.
Highest point: Juliana Top - 1,230 meters (4,040 ft)

Natural resources[edit]

Timber, hydropower, fish, forests, hydroelectric potential, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite and gold. Small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum and iron ore. It also has sizeable oil.


The country has one large reservoir, the Brokopondo Reservoir. Several rivers run through it, including the Suriname River, Nickerie River and Maroni or Marowijne River.

Land use[edit]

(2005 Estimates)

Arable land: 0.36%
Permanent crops: 0.06%
Other: 99.58%

Irrigated land[edit]

510 square kilometers (200 sq mi) (2003)

Natural hazards[edit]

Tropical Showers, no hurricanes.[citation needed]


Current issues[edit]

Deforestation is a real problem as timber is cut for export. There is also a lot of pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities.

Climate change[edit]

Climate change in Suriname is leading to warmer temperatures and more extreme weather events in Suriname. As a relatively poor country, its contributions to global climate change have been limited. Because of the large forest cover, the country has been running a carbon negative economy since 2014.[2]

Suriname was the second country to update its Nationally Determined Contributions in 2020.[3]

International agreements[edit]

Suriname has agreed to the following agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

Extreme points[edit]


  1. ^ Murray, N.J.; Phinn, S.R.; DeWitt, M.; Ferrari, R.; Johnston, R.; Lyons, M.B.; Clinton, N.; Thau, D.; Fuller, R.A. (2019). "The global distribution and trajectory of tidal flats". Nature. 565: 222–225. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0805-8.
  2. ^ "Suriname's climate promise, for a sustainable future". UN News. 2020-01-31. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  3. ^ "Suriname's Second National Communication - In Progress | UNDP Climate Change Adaptation". Retrieved 2020-06-07.

External links[edit]