Glenn Murcutt in 2004
25 July 1936 |
|Awards||RAIA Gold Medal (1992)
Pritzker Architecture Prize (2002)
American Institute of Architects Gold Medal (2009)
|Buildings||Marie Short House (1975), Fredericks House (1982), Ball-Eastaway House (1983), Magney House (1984), Marika-Alderton House (1994), Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Centre (1999)|
Glenn Marcus Murcutt AO (born 25 July 1936) is a British-born Australian architect and winner of the 1992 Alvar Aalto Medal, the 2002 Pritzker Architecture Prize and the 2009 American Institute of Architects Gold Medal. Being the only Australian winner of the prestigious Pritzker Prize, he is often referred to as Australia's most famous architect.
Murcutt was born in London to Australian parents. He grew up in the Morobe Province of Papua New Guinea, where he developed an appreciation for simple, vernacular architecture. After moving to Sydney, he was educated at Manly Boys' High School and studied architecture at the Sydney Technical College, from which he graduated in 1961, and where he became friends with other soon-to-be-prominent students, including director Jim Sharman, theatre designer Brian Thomson and film producer Matt Carroll. Murcutt's early work experience was with various architects, such as Neville Gruzman, Ken Woolley, Sydney Ancher and Bryce Mortlock, which exposed him to their style of organic architecture focussing on relationships to nature. By 1969, Murcutt established his own practice in the Sydney suburb of Mosman.
Murcutt works as a sole practitioner, producing residential and institutional work all over Australia. Although he does not work outside the country or run a large firm, his work has a worldwide influence, especially since Murcutt teaches master classes for beginning and established architects. Filmmaker Catherine Hunter, who is making a documentary on the architect, has said: "He gives everything, he can’t help himself. He’s unstoppable, he’s this force. Long before we started talking about things such as sustainability, Glenn was practicing those things."
Murcutt's motto, 'touch the earth lightly', leads him to design his works to fit into the Australian landscape features. His works are highly economical and multi-functional. Murcutt also pays attention to aspects of the environment such as wind direction, water movement, temperature and light surrounding his sites before he designs the building itself. Materials such as glass, stone, timber, concrete and steel are often included in his works.
Testament to his influence internationally was the award of the 2002 Pritzker Architecture Prize, one of the highest distinctions in architecture. In the words of the Pritzker jury: "In an age obsessed with celebrity, the glitz of our 'starchitects', backed by large staffs and copious public relations support, dominates the headlines. As a total contrast, Murcutt works in a one-person office on the other side of the world ... yet has a waiting list of clients, so intent is he to give each project his personal best. He is an innovative architectural technician who is capable of turning his sensitivity to the environment and to locality into forthright, totally honest, non-showy works of art." In 2009 Murcutt won the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal.
Murcutt currently lectures and teaches architectural studies as a professor at the UNSW Faculty of Built Environment.
His latest project is a new mosque in the Melbourne suburb of Newport. In 2016, Murcutt’s mosque project became the focus of a critically acclaimed documentary, “Glenn Murcutt: Spirit of Place”, by renowned filmmaker Catherine Hunter. The film documents the growing acceptance of Murcutt’s strikingly contemporary design, weaving into the narrative the stories of his famous domestic commissions, interviews with those involved, and an intimate biography of his life.
Murcutt's son Nicholas (1964-2011) was also a practicing architect.
- 1972-74 : Laurie Short House, Sydney (NSW)
- 1974-75 : Marie Short House, Kempsey (NSW)
- 1976-83 : Berowra Waters Inn, Berowra Waters (NSW)
- 1977-78: Ockens House, Cromer (NSW)
- 1977-80 : Nicholas House, Mount Irvine (NSW)
- 1977-80 : Carruthers House, Mount Irvine (NSW)
- 1982 : Kempsey Visitor Information Centre (NSW)
- 1981-83 : Ball-Eastaway House, Glenorie, Sydney (QLD)
- 1976-88 : Museum of Local History and Tourist Office, Kempsey (NSW)
- 1981-82 : Fredericks House, Jamberoo (NSW)
- 1982-84 : Magney House, Bingie Bingie (NSW)
- 1986-90 : Magney House, Sydney (NSW)
- 1988-91 : Done House, Sydney (NSW)
- 1988-92 : Meagher House, Bowral (NSW)
- 1992 : Raheen (Pratt Family Wing Addition), Kew (VIC)
- 1989-94 : Simpson-Lee House, Mount Wilson (NSW)
- 1991-94 : Marika-Alderton House, Yirrkala Community, Eastern Arnhern Land (NT)
- 1992 : Murcutt Guest Studio, Kempsey (NSW)
- 1992-94 : Bowali Visitor Information Centre, Kakadu National Park (NT), in collaboration with Troppo Architects
- 1994-96 : Schnaxl House, Newport, Sydney (NSW)
- 1996-98 : Fletcher-Page House, Kangaroo Valley (NSW)
- 1995-96 : Douglas and Ruth Murcutt House, Woodside (NT)
- 1996-99 : Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Art Centre, Riversdale, West Cambewarra (NSW), in collaboration with Reg Lark and Wendy Lewin
- 1997-2001 : House at Kangaloon, Southern Highlands (NSW)
- 2000-03 : Murcutt/Lewin House and Studio, Mosman (NSW)
- 2001-05 : Walsh House, Kangaroo Valley (NSW)
- 2002-03 : Lerida Estate Winery, Lake George (NSW)
- 2006-07 : Moss Vale Education Centre (University of Wollongong), Moss Vale (NSW), in collaboration with Wendy Lewin
- 2006-16 : Australian Islamic Centre, Newport (VIC)
Honours and awards
Prestigious awards include:
- the RAIA Gold Medal of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects in 1992
- the Alvar Aalto Medal in 1992
- Officer of the Order of Australia in 1996
- the Richard Neutra Award for Teaching in 1998
- the 'Green Pin' Award from the Royal Danish Academy of Architects in 1999
- the Thomas Jefferson Medal for Architecture in 2001
- the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2002
- the Kenneth F. Brown Asia Pacific Culture and Architecture Award in 2003
- the AIA Gold Medal Award in 2009.
He is an Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Architects (AIA), an International Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, an Honorary Fellow of the Finnish Association of Architects as well as Honorary Member of the Architects Institutes in Taiwan, Scotland and Singapore. In 2008 he was elected an Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2010, he was named a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council. He was founding President of the Australian Architecture Association and is Chair of the Architecture Foundation Australia (annual Murcutt International Master Class).
- "Glenn Murcutt Pritzker Prize", ArchitectureWeek No. 94, 2002.0417, pN1.1.
- Beck, Haig and Cooper, Jackie, A Singular Practice. Images, April 2006. ISBN 1-876907-75-4.
- Carter, Nanette "Locating Design: A Site Every Design Professional Should See: The Marika-Alderton House, Yirrkala" Design and Culture, Vol. 3, No. 3, (Nov. 2011), pp. 375–378. ISSN 1754-7075
- Fromonot, Francoise. Glenn Murcutt : Buildings and Projects 1962-2003. Thames and Hudson, London/New York, 2005. ISBN 978-0-500-28589-3. ISBN 0-500-28589-6
- Drew, Philip. Leaves of Iron : Glenn Murcutt : Pioneer of an Australian Architectural Form. ISBN 0-207-17327-3.
- Drew, Philip. Touch This Earth Lightly: Glenn Murcutt in His Own Words. Duffy & Snellgrove, 15 May 2000. ISBN 1-875989-46-3.
- Farrelly, Elizabeth Glenn Murcutt - Three Houses (Architecture in Detail). Phaidon Press Inc. (October 1993). ISBN 0-7148-2875-0.
- Gusheh, Heneghan, Lassan, Seyama, "The Architecture of Glenn Murcutt", TOTO, Japan, 2008. ISBN 978-4-88706-293-1
- Gusheh, Heneghan, Lassan, Seyama, "Glenn Murcutt - Thinking Drawing, Working Drawing", TOTO, Japan, 2008. ISBN 978-4-88706-294-8
- Limited Edition Folio, "Glenn Murcutt Architect", Essays by Kenneth Frampton, Juhani Pallasmaa, boxed photos/drawings. 01 Editions, Sydney, 2006. ISBN 0-9775931-0-X.
- Muller, Brook "In the Landscape of Murcutt", ArchitectureWeek No. 66, 2001.0912, pE1.1.
- Sharp, Dennis. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p111.
- http://www.ozetecture.org/2012/glenn-murcutt/. Missing or empty
- "State Library of NSW Search - Manuscripts, Oral History, and Pictures Catalogue". Acms.sl.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "So last century - Property - Domain". smh.com.au. 2006-04-13. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Architecture Foundation Australia
- "Steve Dow, Journalist". Stevedow.com.au. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Pritzker Prize Announcement Archived 28 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Review". Sydney Morning Herald. 1 December 2016.
- "Glenn Murcutt on mosque without minarets". Sydney Morning Herald. 2 December 2016.
- Cheryl Hall: "Architect designs 'contemporary' mosque for Muslim community in Melbourne's west", ABC, 8 Aug 2016
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-12.
- Design Futures Council Senior Fellows http://www.di.net/about/senior_fellows/[permanent dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glenn Murcutt.|
- Architecture Foundation Australia Glenn Murcutt Master Class and Portfolio of Murcutt Projects
- Four-minute video clip Glenn Murcutt leading the annual Murcutt International Master Class
- Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Centre
- Public talk with Glenn Murcutt
- Location of Glenn Murcutt Buildings on checkonsite Location of Glenn Murcutt Buildings