Government of Sabah

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Sabah State Government
Kerajaan Negeri Sabah
Coat of arms of Sabah.svg
Agency overview
Formed 31 August 1963 (54 years ago) (1963-08-31)
Jurisdiction Sabah
Headquarters Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Annual budget RM 3.49 billion (2016)
Minister responsible
Agency executive
Parent agency Government of Malaysia
Child agency
  • 10 ministries

The Sabah State Government is an authority governing Sabah, one of 13 states of Malaysia, based in Kota Kinabalu, the state capital. The state government adheres to and is created by both the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the supreme law of Malaysia, and the Constitution of the State of Sabah, the supreme law of the State.

The state government has only two branches: executive and legislative. Sabah has no judiciary branch due to the federalisation of court system in Malaysia. Although Sabah has jurisdictions towards Sharia and Native Courts (and their respective laws),[1][2] both courts are still considered a part of the state executive branch.


The state legislature consists of only a unicameral house called the State Legislative Assembly. All 60 members of the Assembly are elected from single-member districts by universal adult suffrage. The Assembly follows a multi-party system and the governing body is elected through a first-past-the-post system. The State, however, may appoint up to 6 nominated members of the Assembly based on conditions provided by the State Constitution.

The Assembly has a maximum mandate of five years by law. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri may dissolve the state legislature at any time and usually does so upon the advice of the Chief Minister.



Executive power is vested in the Cabinet led by the Chief Minister. The State Constitution stipulates that the Chief Minister must be a member of the State Legislative Assembly who, in the opinion of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri, commands a majority in the State Legislative Assembly. The Cabinet is chosen among members of the State Legislative Assembly and is responsible to that body. The executive branch of the government consists of the Chief Minister as the head of the government, followed by the various ministers of the Cabinet.

State departments, agencies and companies[edit]

Since 10 May 2013, Sabah State Government comprises the following ministries, which subsequently divided to departments, agencies (ticked with *) and state-owned companies (ticked with **):[3]

Chief Minister's Department[edit]

Ministry of Finance[edit]

Ministry of Rural Development[edit]

Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Environment[edit]

Ministry of Infrastructural Development[edit]

Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industries[edit]

Ministry of Local Government and Housing[edit]

Ministry of Industrial Development[edit]

Ministry of Youth and Sports[edit]

Ministry of Resources Development and Information Technology[edit]

Non-ministerial bodies[edit]

Head of government[edit]

The Chief Minister of Sabah (Malay: Ketua Menteri Sabah) is the indirectly elected head of government of Sabah. He is officially appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor), who in His Excellency's judgement is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of State Legislative Assembly. He heads the State Cabinet, whose members are appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister and his Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to State Legislative Assembly. The Chief Minister's Department is the body and ministry in which the Chief Minister exercises its functions and powers.


  1. ^ Both courts are under the jurisdiction of the Chief Minister.
  2. ^ Federal Constitution, Ninth Schedule, List IIA, Item 13.
  3. ^ "Senarai Jabatan dan Agensi Kerajaan Negeri". Sabah State Government. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Officers are appointed by the State Public Service Department. All officers, throughout their service, report to the Chief Minister's Department.
  5. ^ Chairman and members of the Commission are appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri on the Chief Minister's advice.