Great Patriotic Pole

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Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole

Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar
LeaderNicolás Maduro
Founded7 October 2011; 7 years ago (2011-10-07)
Left-wing nationalism
Socialism of the 21st century
Social democracy
Political positionLeft-wing[a] to far-left
Colors                 Orange, blue, red, yellow
Seats in the National Assembly
50 / 167
Seats in the 2017 Constituent National Assembly
503 / 545
Governors of States
20 / 23
6 / 23
306 / 337

The Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole (Spanish: Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar, GPP[1]) is a left-wing socialist electoral alliance of Venezuelan political parties created in 2012 to support the re-election of Hugo Chávez in the 2012 presidential election.[2]

The organisation, which "formally unites 35,000 Venezuelan movements and collectives",[3] is led by Nicolás Maduro's United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV). Although the coalition shares a name with the "Sovereign Front" of the 1998 presidential election, the 1998 coalition was one of political parties, and did not include the wide range of social movements and community organisations involved in the GPP. For example, in Mérida state the GPP includes "[m]ovements such as the Tupamaros, the Educational Community Socialist Front, the Frebin (the Bolivarian Front of Researchers and Innovators), the student movement Community Integration, the comrades in the rural workers front- the Campesino Front Ezequiel Zamora, the popular educators network, the Women’s Bicentennial Front, and... Tatuy TV".[3]

A member of the regional promoter team of the GPP in Mérida state said in February 2012:

in order to form the GPP, there are a range of stages to go through. The first stage was the formation of the national promoter team, which was sworn in and approved by the president. It is made up of 153 comrades, spokespeople of different collectives at a national level. That stage ended with the national registration in October 2011. Next came the second stage of regrouping, which are the ongoing meetings of all the collectives registered in the GPP. After that, which is where we are at now, comes the stage of carrying out the popular assemblies of the GPP. These are where the planning, decision making, and debating of all those participating in the GPP takes place. Finally, there is a last stage, which consists of the national congress, or the national popular assembly, with President Chavez. That will be held on 13 April this year and it’s where the new proposals for the national organisation will be discussed and voted on.[3]


Party name Acronym Founded Ideology
Alliance for Change APC 2013 Social democracy
Venezuelan Revolutionary Current [es; zh] CRV 2000 Communism
Independents for the National Community [es] IPCN 1995 Socialism
National Youth Action Unit With Bimba JUAN BIMBA
People's Electoral Movement MEP 1967 Bolivarianism
Tupamaro MRT 1998 Marxism
Revolutionary New Way NCR 2008 Socialism
Authentic Renewal Organization ORA 1988 Christianity
Communist Party of Venezuela PCV 1931 Marxism–Leninism
Think Democracy [es] PIEDRA 2008 Social democracy
United Socialist Party of Venezuela PSUV 2008 Chavismo, Marxism, Bolivarianism, Socialism of the 21st century
Fatherland for All PPT 1997 Democratic socialism
Revolutionary Party of Labor PRT 2012 Syndicalism
Organized Socialist Party in Venezuela PSOEV 2006 Democratic socialism
For Social Democracy PODEMOS 2002 Social democracy
Networks of Responses of Communitary Changes REDES 2012 Socialism
Venezuelan Popular Unity UPV 2005 Bolivarianism
Republican Bicentennial Vanguard VBR 2011 Bolivarianism
Movement We Are Venezuela MSV 2018 Anti-imperialism

Supporting parties[edit]

Party name Acronym Founded Ideology
Revolutionary Middle Class CMR 2006 Chavismo
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela PCMLV 2009 Marxism–Leninism
Worker's Party PL Democratic socialism

Election results[edit]


National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2015 5,625,248 (#2) 40.9
55 / 167
Diosdado Cabello


Election year Name First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 Hugo Chávez 8,191,132 55.1 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2013 Nicolás Maduro 7,587,579 50.6 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2018 Nicolás Maduro 6,205,875 67.8% (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner


Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 4,853,494 (#1) 56.2
2017 5,814,903 (#1) 55.1


Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2013 5,216,522 (#1) 48.7
2017 6,517,506 (#1) 71.3
2018 ~5,519,890 (#1) 97.3

See also[edit]


a Also includes some centre-left parties and one right-wing party, but is dominated by the left-wing other than on social policies such as abortion and LGBT rights.


  1. ^ "Hugo Chavez revives Venezuela election coalition". BBC. October 8, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  2. ^ "Venezuela opposition leaders taken from homes overnight". CBC Canada. Associated Press. August 1, 2017. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c, 28 February 2012, Interview: The Great Patriotic Pole (GPP) – How Thousands of Movements are Constructing their Revolutionary Organisation

External links[edit]