Great Patriotic Pole

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Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole
Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar
Abbreviation GPPSB
Leader Nicolás Maduro
Founded 7 October 2011; 6 years ago (2011-10-07)
Ideology Bolivarianism
Chavismo
Left-wing nationalism
Marxism–Leninism
Socialism of the 21st century
Political position Left-wing[a] to far-left
Colors                  Orange, blue, red, yellow
Seats in the National Assembly
55 / 167
Seats in the 2017 Constituent National Assembly
545 / 545
Governors of States
20 / 23
Mercosur
6 / 23
Mayors
306 / 337
Website
www.granpolopatriotico.org.ve

The Great Patriotic Pole (Spanish: Gran Polo Patriótico, GPP) is an electoral alliance of Venezuelan political parties created in 2011 to support the re-election of Hugo Chávez in the 2012 presidential election.[1] The organisation, which "formally unites 35,000 Venezuelan movements and collectives",[1] is led by Nicolás Maduro's United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV). Although the coalition shares a name with the "Patriotic Pole" of the 1998 presidential election, the 1998 coalition was one of political parties, and did not include the wide range of social movements and community organisations involved in the GPP. For example, in Mérida state the GPP includes "[m]ovements such as the Tupamaros, the Educational Community Socialist Front, the Frebin (the Bolivarian Front of Researchers and Innovators), the student movement Community Integration, the comrades in the rural workers front- the Campesino Front Ezequiel Zamora, the popular educators network, the Women’s Bicentennial Front, and... Tatuy TV".[1]

A member of the regional promoter team of the GPP in Mérida state said in February 2012:

in order to form the GPP, there are a range of stages to go through. The first stage was the formation of the national promoter team, which was sworn in and approved by the president. It is made up of 153 comrades, spokespeople of different collectives at a national level. That stage ended with the national registration in October 2011. Next came the second stage of regrouping, which are the ongoing meetings of all the collectives registered in the GPP. After that, which is where we are at now, comes the stage of carrying out the popular assemblies of the GPP. These are where the planning, decision making, and debating of all those participating in the GPP takes place. Finally, there is a last stage, which consists of the national congress, or the national popular assembly, with President Chavez. That will be held on 13 April this year and it’s where the new proposals for the national organisation will be discussed and voted on.[1]

Members[edit]

Party name Acronym Founded Ideology Website
Alliance for Change APC 2013 Social democracy
Venezuelan Revolutionary Current (es; zh) CRV 2000 Communism crvnacional.blogspot.com.es
Independents for the National Community (es) IPCN 1995 Socialism ipcn.es.tl
National Youth Action Unit With Bimba JUAN BIMBA
People's Electoral Movement MEP 1967 Bolivarianism mep.com.ve
Tupamaro MRT 1998 Marxism tupamaro.org.ve
Revolutionary New Way NCR 2008 Socialism ncr.org.ve
Authentic Renewal Organization ORA 1988 Christianity oraporvenezuela.org
Communist Party of Venezuela PCV 1931 Marxism–Leninism pcv-venezuela.org
Think Democracy (es) PIEDRA 2008 Social democracy piensaendemocracia.com
United Socialist Party of Venezuela PSUV 2008 Socialism of the 21st century psuv.org.ve
Fatherland for All PPT 1997 Democratic socialism patriaparatodos.com.ve
Revolutionary Party of Labor PRT 2012 Syndicalism
Organized Socialist Party in Venezuela PSOEV 2006 Democratic socialism www.psoev.org.ve
For Social Democracy PODEMOS 2002 Social democracy PartidoPODEMOS
Networks of Responses of Communitary Changes REDES 2012 Socialism
Venezuelan Popular Unity UPV 2005 Bolivarianism
Republican Bicentennial Vanguard VBR 2011 Bolivarianism
Movement We Are Venezuela MSV 2006/18 Anti-imperialism somosvenezuela2018.com

Supporting parties[edit]

Party name Acronym Founded Ideology Website
Revolutionary Middle Class CMR 2006 Chavismo [1]
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela PCMLV 2009 Marxism–Leninism [2]
Worker's Party PL Democratic socialism

Election results[edit]

Parliamentary[edit]

National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2015 5,625,248 (#2) 40.9
55 / 167
Diosdado Cabello

Presidential[edit]

Election year Name First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 Hugo Chávez 8,191,132 55.1 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2013 Nicolás Maduro 7,587,579 50.6 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2018 Nicolás Maduro 6,205,875 67.8% (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner

Regional[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
+/–
2012 4,853,494 (#1) 56.2
2017 5,814,903 (#1) 55.1

Municipal[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
+/–
2013 5,216,522 (#1) 48.7
2017 6,517,506 (#1) 71.3

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

a Also includes some centre-left parties and one right-wing party, but is dominated by the left-wing other than on social policies such as abortion and LGBT rights.

References[edit]

External links[edit]