Great Patriotic Pole

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Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole

Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar
LeaderNicolás Maduro
FounderHugo Chávez
Founded7 October 2011; 9 years ago (2011-10-07)
IdeologyBolivarianism
Chavismo
Left-wing nationalism
Marxism–Leninism
Left-wing populism
Socialism of the 21st century
Socialism
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
Colors     Orange, blue, red, yellow
Seats in the National Assembly
50 / 167
Seats in the 2017 Constituent National Assembly
503 / 545
Governors of States
20 / 23
Mercosur
6 / 23
Mayors
306 / 337
Website
www.granpolopatriotico.org.ve Edit this at Wikidata

The Simón Bolívar Great Patriotic Pole (Spanish: Gran Polo Patriótico Simón Bolívar, GPPSB[1]) is a left-wing socialist electoral alliance/popular front of Venezuelan political parties created in 2012 to support the re-election of Hugo Chávez in the 2012 presidential election.[2]

The organisation, which "formally unites 35,000 Venezuelan movements and collectives",[3] is led by Nicolás Maduro's United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV). Although the coalition shares a name with the "Sovereign Front" of the 1998 presidential election, the 1998 coalition was one of political parties, and did not include the wide range of social movements and community organisations involved in the GPP. For example, in Mérida state the GPP includes "[m]ovements such as the Tupamaros, the Educational Community Socialist Front, the Frebin (the Bolivarian Front of Researchers and Innovators), the student movement Community Integration, the comrades in the rural workers front- the Campesino Front Ezequiel Zamora, the popular educators network, the Women’s Bicentennial Front, and... Tatuy TV".[3]

A member of the regional promoter team of the GPP in Mérida state said in February 2012:

in order to form the GPP, there are a range of stages to go through. The first stage was the formation of the national promoter team, which was sworn in and approved by the president. It is made up of 153 comrades, spokespeople of different collectives at a national level. That stage ended with the national registration in October 2011. Next came the second stage of regrouping, which are the ongoing meetings of all the collectives registered in the GPP. After that, which is where we are at now, comes the stage of carrying out the popular assemblies of the GPP. These are where the planning, decision making, and debating of all those participating in the GPP takes place. Finally, there is a last stage, which consists of the national congress, or the national popular assembly, with President Chavez. That will be held on 13 April this year and it’s where the new proposals for the national organisation will be discussed and voted on.[3]

Members[edit]

The GPP is currently composed of the following political parties:

Party Spanish name Leader Ideology National Assembly Government
United Socialist Party of Venezuela Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela Nicolás Maduro, (as President)
Diosdado Cabello, (as Parliamentary Leader)
Chavismo
Bolivarianism
Socialism of the 21st century
31 / 167
Minority
Communist Party of Venezuela Partido Comunista de Venezuela Óscar Figuera Communism
6 / 167
Fatherland for All Patria para Todos Rafael Uzcátegui Libertarian Marxism
4 / 167
Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro Movimiento Revolucionario Tupamaro Oswaldo Jiménez Revolutionary socialism
3 / 167
We Can Podemos Didalco Bolívar Social democracy
2 / 167
Republican Bicentennial Vanguard Vanguardia Bicentenaria Republicana N/A Bolivarianism
2 / 167
Venezuelan Popular Unity Unidad Popular Venezolana N/A Anti-imperialism
1 / 167
Alliance for Change Alianza para el Cambio Carlos Vargas Social democracy
1 / 167
People's Electoral Movement Movimiento Electoral del Pueblo N/A Left-wing populism
0 / 167
No seats
Organized Socialist Party in Venezuela Partido Socialista Organizado en Venezuela Fernando Lisboa Democratic socialism
0 / 167
Movement We Are Venezuela Movimiento Somos Venezuela Delcy Rodríguez Left-wing nationalism
0 / 167
Networks Party Partido Redes Juan Barreto Chavismo
0 / 167
Authentic Renewal Organization Organización Renovadora –Auténtica N/A Social conservatism
0 / 167
Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents [es] Corrientes Revolucionarias Venezolanas Ramsés Colmenares (es) Communism
0 / 167

The following parties are not members however support the GPP politically:

Election results[edit]

Parliamentary[edit]

National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2015 5,625,248 (#2) 40.9
55 / 167
Diosdado Cabello

Presidential[edit]

Election year Name First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 Hugo Chávez 8,191,132 55.1 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2013 Nicolás Maduro 7,587,579 50.6 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner
2018
(disputed)
Nicolás Maduro 6,205,875 67.8 (#1)
Member of "United Socialist Party of Venezuela" party in coalition. Winner

Regional[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2012 4,853,494 (#1) 56.2
2017 5,814,903 (#1) 55.1

Municipal[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
2013 5,216,522 (#1) 48.7
2017 6,517,506 (#1) 71.3
2018 ~5,519,890 (#1) 97.3

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

a Also includes some centre-left parties and one right-wing party, but is dominated by the left-wing other than on social policies such as abortion and LGBT rights.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hugo Chavez revives Venezuela election coalition". BBC. October 8, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  2. ^ "Venezuela opposition leaders taken from homes overnight". CBC Canada. Associated Press. August 1, 2017. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Venezuelanalysis.com, 28 February 2012, Interview: The Great Patriotic Pole (GPP) – How Thousands of Movements are Constructing their Revolutionary Organisation

External links[edit]