The Great Pumpkin is an unseen character in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz. According to Linus van Pelt, the Great Pumpkin is a supernatural figure who rises from the pumpkin patch on Halloween evening, and flies around bringing toys to sincere and believing children. Linus continues to have faith in the Great Pumpkin, despite his friends' mockery and disbelief. The Great Pumpkin was first mentioned in the strip on October 26, 1959.
Every year, Linus sits in a pumpkin patch (a place Linus believes is the most sincere and lacking in hypocrisy) on Halloween night waiting for the Great Pumpkin to appear. Invariably, the Great Pumpkin fails to turn up, but a humiliated yet undefeated Linus stubbornly vows to wait for him again the following Halloween. Linus acknowledges the similarities between the Great Pumpkin and Santa Claus, the existence of which Linus considers to be ambiguous (in the television special, Linus tells Charlie Brown he'll stop believing in the Great Pumpkin when Charlie Brown stops believing in Santa Claus, while writing to the Great Pumpkin that Santa Claus has better publicity). Charlie Brown attributes Linus's belief in the Great Pumpkin to "denominational differences." Linus is faithful to belief in the Great Pumpkin, even creating a Great Pumpkin magazine at one point.
The Great Pumpkin was first mentioned by Linus in Peanuts in 1959, and Schulz reworked the premise many times throughout the run of the strip. It inspired the 1966 animated television special It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown and had brief mentions in You're Not Elected, Charlie Brown (1972) (by which Linus almost blows his chances in a school election); It's the Easter Beagle, Charlie Brown (1974) in which Sally expresses her concerns about the Easter Beagle's reality to Linus, citing her previous experience with the non appearance of the Great Pumpkin; and You're a Good Sport, Charlie Brown (1975), wherein Linus enters the pumpkin patch to make a makeshift motorcycle helmet for Charlie Brown for a motocross race, with Charlie being teased as being the Great Pumpkin by some race fans. It was also briefly referenced in The Peanuts Movie (2015), where Linus says he hopes the new kid in town, later revealed as the Little Red-Haired Girl, would be willing to believe in it. The best-known quote regarding Linus and the Great Pumpkin, originally from the comic strip but made famous by the TV special, is: "There are three things I have learned never to discuss with people: religion, politics, and the Great Pumpkin."
While Schulz usually avoided outright politics, he enjoyed his Great Pumpkin strips and incorporating religious references in many comics and animated cartoons.
Although the Great Pumpkin is supposedly believed in only by Linus, the strips of October 29 and November 1, 1961 make mention of claimed officially reported Great Pumpkin sightings in Connecticut, Texas and New Jersey.
The Great Pumpkin has been cited as a symbol of strong faith and foolish faith, leading to vastly different interpretations of creator Charles Schulz's own faith. As described in the book on Schulz's religious views, A Charlie Brown Religion, Schulz's views were very personal and often misinterpreted. Linus' seemingly unshakable belief in the Great Pumpkin, and his desire to foster the same belief in others, has been interpreted as a parody of Christian evangelism by some observers. Others have seen Linus' belief in the Great Pumpkin as symbolic of the struggles faced by anyone with beliefs or practices that are not shared by the majority. Still others view Linus' lonely vigils, in the service of a being that may or may not exist and which never makes its presence known in any case, as a metaphor for mankind's basic existential dilemmas.
Schulz himself, however, claimed no motivation beyond the humor of having one of his young characters confuse Halloween with Christmas. In the 1959 sequence of strips in which the Great Pumpkin is first mentioned, for instance, Schulz also has Linus suggest that he and the other kids "go out and sing pumpkin carols", something which he also asks the trick-or-treating kids in the special itself.
Other references in popular culture
As the head coach of the orange and black Beavers, Andros had a round physique and often wore an orange windbreaker. He was first dubbed with the nickname in 1966 by a member of the Spokane press on Halloween weekend in Pullman, Washington, as his OSU team routed host Washington State's Cougars, 41–13.
In the late 1970s, Braniff Airways painted its fleet in bright colors, for visual appeal and marketability. The airline's first 747-100 airliners were delivered painted in a striking shade of orange, causing several air traffic control centers across the US to welcome the new Braniff acquisitions with the phrase "Welcome, Great Pumpkin". The 1973 Petersen Publications annual, Air Progress: World's Greatest Aircraft, had its chapter devoted to the 747 headed "The Great Pumpkin Lives!"
In 1996, Burlington Northern SD60M #9297 (renumbered 8197 in 2008, renumbered 1474 in 2014) was jokingly dubbed the "Great Pumpkin" by employees because of its bold orange paint scheme, one of many prototype paint designs created by the then newly formed Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway (BNSF), a merger of Burlington Northern and the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway (Santa Fe). This scheme eventually became the basis for BNSF's "Heritage I" paint design, while the "Great Pumpkin" nickname has stuck among railfans for this particular locomotive.
The Cleveland Show
In the opening cameo of "Treehouse of Horror II" the Peanuts gang in Halloween costumes are passing in front of the Simpson house. The final segment of "Treehouse of Horror XIX" (the fourth episode of the twentieth season of The Simpsons), called "It's the Grand Pumpkin, Milhouse", is a parody of It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown and contains numerous references to the Peanuts characters. Milhouse Van Houten wears the same clothes and plays the same role as Linus van Pelt. Lisa Simpson is modeled after Sally Brown, and Bart is patterned after Charlie Brown (even saying "Good grief!" at one point). A redesigned version of Santa's Little Helper can be seen sleeping atop his dog house a la Snoopy, while Homer is seen sleeping on top of the family house in a similar manner.
When Marge first speaks, her voice is replaced with a muted trombone sound, a parody of the "wah wah wah" voice that is used for adults in all Peanuts specials. The dance scene during the Halloween party is a parody of the dance scene in A Charlie Brown Christmas right down to Kang and Kodos in a nonspeaking cameo as the twins "3 and 4". Parts of the segment had music by Vince Guaraldi (best known for composing music for animated adaptations of the Peanuts comic strip), which they had obtained the rights to use.
A sketch in the episode "Vegetable Funfest" of the stop-motion parody show Robot Chicken featured a Peanuts parody in which Linus tires of never seeing the Great Pumpkin. He conducts a magical ritual involving burning a chicken in a pentagram to summon the entity, which is revealed to be Lovecraftian in nature, feeding on children. The Great Pumpkin murders Linus and proceeds to stalk the other characters with similar intentions. Charlie Brown is saved by the similarly demonic Kite-Eating Tree, which consumes the Pumpkin. Charlie Brown declares that his deceased friends can now rest in peace. The murdered characters are then shown in Hell dancing with the devil as Schroeder plays his piano.
Italy and the "Great Watermelon"
When the Peanuts strip was first introduced in Italy, Halloween was almost unknown there as a festivity. The earlier translations turned the pumpkin into a watermelon ("Il Grande Cocomero") because it was felt to be a more Mediterranean fruit-figure and its name sounded better. The intentional mistranslation somehow stuck in Italian pop culture, and was kept in all subsequent translations. There was also a movie named after Il grande cocomero in 1993, directed by Francesca Archibugi.
The Major League Baseball player Dan Johnson is nicknamed "The Great Pumpkin" due to his orange-red beard and his notable late-season/autumn performance. Johnson was called to the majors late in three separate seasons (2008, 2010, 2011), and subsequently hit clutch home runs that propelled his team into the playoffs.
Wizard of Id
On October 30, 2015, the Wizard of Id comic strip made a tribute to Linus and the Great Pumpkin. The wizard makes a spell "making a dream come true for a special little boy". The last panel shows the Great Pumpkin menacingly chasing Linus, who runs away terrified.
"Someone's sitting in a field, never giving yield. Sitting there with gleaming eyes. Waiting for Big Pumpkin to arise."
The Great Pumpkin
In 1965 a song by The Jack-o-Lanterns was produced by Lou Reizner and released on 45. The composers were Danny and Myrna Jannson, along with Walter Keske. The song starts with the sound of a gong, a creaking door, then the voice speaks "My name is The Great Pumpkin. Whataya want sonny boy?" The singers of the song then tell The Great Pumpkin they are lonely and have no one to love. They're asking them for help saying they're his "last chance." At the end of the song the Pumpkin responds only by saying, "The Great Pumpkin he say you’ll never make the Top 40 Sunny Boy.” 
Licensed use in Poptropica
In October 2010, forty-four years after the initial airing of It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown, the Great Pumpkin was the topic of a licensed use by the online game Poptropica. The site's 15th island is Great Pumpkin Island, and features several of the Peanuts characters interacting with players. As the island follows the same plot as the original TV special, the Great Pumpkin does not appear, and turns out to be Snoopy with a pumpkin on his head.
- Cavna, Michael (October 27, 2011). "'It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown': 7 Things You Don't Know About Tonight's 'Peanuts' Special". The Washington Post blogs. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Farago, Andrew (2017). The Complete Peanuts Family Album: The Ultimate Guide to Charles M. Schulz's Classic Characters. Weldon Owen. p. 100. ISBN 978-1681882925.
- Schulz, Charles (May 31, 1972). "October 26, 1959 strip". GoComics. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
- Schulz, Charles (1961). Peanuts comic strip details, gocomics.com, October 25, 1961.
- Lind, Stephen (2015). A Charlie Brown Religion (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
- Atkinson, Michael (October 18, 2012). "Viva Mabuse! #10: Oh, Great Pumpkin, Where Are You?". blog.sundancenow.com. Archived from the original on November 9, 2014.
- Koresky, Michael (February 19, 2004). "It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown: The Book of Linus". Reverse Shot.
- Schulz, Charles (1959). Peanuts comic strip dated October 28, 1959.
- ""The Great Pumpkin" of Oregon State passes away". Fox Sports. June 6, 2014. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013.
- Sellard, Dan (October 31, 1971). "They love him in Corvallis". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. p. 3–Emerald Empire.
- Missildine, Harry (October 30, 1966). "Dee rolled in like the Great Pumpkin". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. p. 1–sports.
- Missildine, Harry (February 23, 1987). "Whats in a name? It's love". Idahonian. Moscow. p. 9.
- Maxwell, G (June 20, 2010). "Braniff International Airways Boeing 747 Fleet". Jet Age. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013.
- Vejvoda, Jim (July 26, 2008). "SDCC 08: Simpsons Footage Screened". IGN. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
- Ponywether, Ariel (November 3, 2008). "Review – The Simpsons: "Treehouse of Horror XIX"". Firefox. Archived from the original on November 7, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- Bentley, Rick (October 31, 2008). "A mixed bag of parody on "Simpsons Treehouse of Terror XIX"". The Seattle Times. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
- Topel, Fred (September 10, 2008). "Simpsons Parodies Transformers". SciFiWire.com. Archived from the original on September 10, 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
- metarockstar (November 9, 2007). "Robot Chicken - Charlie Brown Peanuts & The Great Pumpkin". MetaTube. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
- (in Italian) The Complete Peanuts, Panini Comics, 2012, p. VI. ISBN 978-88-6589-647-1
- Grosnick, Bryan (March 7, 2016). "Transaction Analysis: Dan the Man". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- ""Supernatural" It's the Great Pumpkin, Sam Winchester (TV Episode 2008)". IMDb. January 12, 2010.
- Jeff Parker; Mason Mastroianni (October 30, 2015). "Wizard of Id". Retrieved October 25, 2016 – via GoComics.
- "The Jack-O-Lanterns - the Great Pumpkin".
- Peanuts characters interacting with the avatars of Poptropica players[permanent dead link], virtualworlddigest.com; accessed March 3, 2016.