Guarayu language

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Native toBolivia
RegionSanta Cruz
Ethnicity9,860 (2006)[1]
Native speakers
5,900 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3gyr

Guarayu is a Tupian language of Bolivia that is spoken by the Guarayo people who number 23,910 in 2012.[3]

The name Guarayu (Gwarayú) is a variant of Guarayo, which when used in a pejorative sense refers to several indigenous peoples in the area with the meaning of 'savage' or 'uncultured'.

The origin of the names is Guara meaning "warrior", and yu "pale" (yellow or white). Compared to other Guarani peoples, the Gwarayú are lighter in colour, and bear a striking resemblance to another Guarani group found in Paraguay the Ache.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Guarayu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Guarayu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2012 Bolivia Características de la Población". Instituto Nacional de Estadística, República de Bolivia. p. 29.

Further reading[edit]

  • Anónimo (2005). Gwarayu Ñe’ë, diccionario guarayo - castellano - guarayo. Cochabamba: Sociedad Bíblica Boliviana.
  • Hoeller, Alfredo (1932). Guarayo-Deutsches Wörterbuch. Guarayos: Verlag der Missionsprokura der P.P. Franziskaner, Hall in Tirol.

External links[edit]