Karitiâna language

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Region Brazil
Ethnicity Karitiâna
Native speakers
210 (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ktn
Glottolog kari1311[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Karitiâna or Caritiana is a Tupian language of the state of Rondônia, in the Amazon region of Brazil. Their reservation, demarcated by the Fundação Nacional do Indio (FUNAI) in 1977, consists of roughly 90,000 hectares of jungle. The majority of the Karitiana people live in one village at the northern edge of this reservation, located 90 km (by road) south of the state capital, Porto Velho.



Front Central Back
High i ĩ ɨ ɨ̃
Mid e ẽ o õ
Low a ã


Bilabial Coronal Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p t k ʔ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Fricative s h
Rhotic r
Approximant j w

The nasals /m n ɲ/ are prestopped [ᵇm ᵈn ᶡɲ] if they are preceded by an oral vowel, and poststopped [mᵇ nᵈ ɲᶡ] if they are followed by one. The velar nasal /ŋ/ is denasalized to [ɡ] before oral vowels in unstressed syllables, poststopped to [ŋᶢ] before oral vowels in stressed syllables, and prestopped [ᶢŋ] after oral vowels.

/h r j w/ are nasalized [h̃ r̃ w̃ ȷ̃] when surrounded by nasal vowels.


  1. ^ Karitiâna at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Karitiâna". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.