Hadım Sinan Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hadim Sinan Pasha)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hadım
Sinan Borovinić
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
26 April 1516 – 22 January 1517
Monarch Selim I
Preceded by Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Succeeded by Yunus Pasha
Personal details
Born 1459
Borovinići village near Foča[1]
Died 22 January 1517
Ridaniya, Egypt
Nationality Bosniak [2]
Religion Sunni Islam
Military service
Battles/wars Ottoman–Mamluk War: at Chaldiran, Marj Dabiq, Yaunis Khan and Battle of Ridaniya 

Hadım Sinan Pasha (Ottoman Turkish: خادم سنان پاشا, Modern Turkish: Hadım Sinan Paşa, "Sinan Pasha"; Bosnian: Sinan-paša Borovinić ; born 1459,[3] died 22 January 1517) was an Ottoman Grand Vizier of Bosniak decent.[4] His epithet hadım means "eunuch", the term itself in Turkish derived from Arabian 'khadim'.

Life[edit]

Origin and early life[edit]

According to Ragusan documents the Borovinić noble family were from the Borovinići village near Foča.[5] His ancestor Tvrtko Borovinić (fl. 1417–46) was a near relative of the Bosnian vojvoda Radoslav Pavlović, whom he served.

Sanjak-bey[edit]

From December 1496 he was sanjak-bey of Bosnia.[6] From 1504 to 1506, he was the sanjak-bey of Herzegovina.[7] In 1507–08 he expanded the Mostar mosque built in 1473 by an earlier Sinan Pasha who was the first sanjak-bey of Herzegovina.[8] Then he was the sanjak-bey of Smederevo between 1506 and 1513.[9]

Beylerbey and Grand Vizier[edit]

In 1514, he was the Beylerbey (high governor) of Anatolia. In the battle of Chaldiran against Safavid Persia he was in charge of right flank. After the battle he was appointed as the beylerbey of Rumeli, a post more prestigious than his former post.[10] His next mission was the conquest of the Dulkadirids, in what is now South Turkey. He defeated Bozkurt of Dulkadir in the Battle of Turnadağ. After the conquest of the beylik, Selim I appointed him as the grand vizier on April 25, 1516. Sinan was Selim’s favorite grand vizier. He was active in the conquest of Syria and Egypt. On October 28, 1516 he defeated an Egyptian Mameluke army in Khan Yunis, near Gazza, Palestine.[11] Next year, he fought in the Battle of Ridaniya in Egypt on January 22, 1517. In Ottoman battle tradition, the sultan was almost always in the central headquarters. But battle of Ridaniya was an exception. Selim I decided to encircle the Mameluks personally and assigned Sinan in the central headquarters. The plot was successful and the Mameluks were defeated. However, before the battle was over, a Mameluke cavalry (including Tuman bay II, the Egyptian sultan) raided Ottoman headquarters and killed Sinan, thinking he was the sultan.[12] After the battle sultan Selim expressed his sorrow, saying, "We won the battle, but we lost Sinan."

Family[edit]

There is a misinformation that Sinan Pasha being a eunuch married a daughter of Bayezid II (r. 1481–1512), and this error is caused by the fact that the husband of Ayşe Sultan is named Damat Guveyi Sinan Pasha who beget three children with Ayşe and died in 12 January 1504.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muvekkit
  2. ^ Gibbon
  3. ^ Bašagić
  4. ^ Gibbon
  5. ^ Osmanlı tarihi. Türk Tarih Kurumu. 1983. p. 541. 
  6. ^ Naučno društvo Bosne i Hercegovine: Odjeljenje istorisko-filoloških nauka. 1960. 
  7. ^ Gazi Husrevbegova biblioteka u Sarajevu (1983). Anali Gazi Husrev-begove biblioteke. Gazi Husrev-begova biblioteka. p. 34. 
  8. ^ Hivzija Hasandedić (1980). Spomenici kulture turskog doba u Mostaru. Veselin Masleša. 
  9. ^ Evliya Çelebi; Hazim Šabanović (1996). Putopisi: odlomci o jugoslovenskim zemljama. Sarajevo-Publishing. p. 516. 
  10. ^ Ayhan Buz:Osmanlı Sadrazamları, Neden Kitap, İstanbul, 2009 ISBN 978-975-254-278-5 p 33
  11. ^ Joseph von Hammer:Osmanlı Tarihi cilt I (condensation: Abdülkadir Karahan), Milliyet yayınları, İstanbul. p 275
  12. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt II, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 248-249
Political offices
Preceded by
Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
26 April 1516 – 22 January 1517
Succeeded by
Yunus Pasha