Ham, Somme

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Ham
Statue of General Foy
Statue of General Foy
Coat of arms of Ham
Location of Ham
Ham is located in France
Ham
Ham
Ham is located in Hauts-de-France
Ham
Ham
Coordinates: 49°44′50″N 3°04′25″E / 49.7472°N 3.0736°E / 49.7472; 3.0736Coordinates: 49°44′50″N 3°04′25″E / 49.7472°N 3.0736°E / 49.7472; 3.0736
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentSomme
ArrondissementPéronne
CantonHam
IntercommunalityCC Est de la Somme
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Eric Legrand[1]
Area
1
9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
4,559
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
80410 /80400
Elevation57–84 m (187–276 ft)
(avg. 65 m or 213 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Ham (French pronunciation: ​[am]; Picard: Hin) is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France, northern France.

Geography[edit]

Ham is situated on the D930 and D937 crossroads, some 21 kilometres (13 mi) southwest of Saint-Quentin, in the far southeast of the department, near the border with the department of the Aisne. Ham (Somme) station has rail connections to Amiens, Saint-Quentin and Laon. The nearby villages of Estouilly and Saint-Sulpice joined the commune of Ham in 1965 and 1966 respectively.

Population[edit]

The population data given in the table and graph below for 1962 and earlier refer to the commune of Ham excluding Estouilly and Saint-Sulpice.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,720—    
1800 1,544−1.53%
1806 1,771+2.31%
1821 1,775+0.02%
1831 1,883+0.59%
1836 2,185+3.02%
1841 2,537+3.03%
1846 2,892+2.65%
1851 2,375−3.86%
1856 2,573+1.61%
1861 2,873+2.23%
1866 2,728−1.03%
1872 2,733+0.03%
1876 3,122+3.38%
1881 3,043−0.51%
1886 2,837−1.39%
1891 3,082+1.67%
1896 3,254+1.09%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,300+0.28%
1906 3,233−0.41%
1911 3,161−0.45%
1921 2,097−4.02%
1926 2,793+5.90%
1931 2,787−0.04%
1936 3,108+2.20%
1946 3,166+0.19%
1954 3,598+1.61%
1962 4,204+1.96%
1968 5,697+5.20%
1975 6,074+0.92%
1982 6,041−0.08%
1990 5,532−1.09%
1999 5,398−0.27%
2007 5,207−0.45%
2012 4,829−1.50%
2017 4,611−0.92%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

History[edit]

Mentioned for the first time in 932 as a possession of the seigneur Erard, junior member of the Counts of Ponthieu. The town was later conquered by the Counts of Vermandois in the 12th century. In the 14th century it was owned by a family from Ham itself. From April 7 to June 3, 1917, Ham was home to the Lafayette Escadrille

The Castle of Ham[edit]

Car park and approach to the Château entrance

The first stone ramparts were put up in the 13th century by the local nobleman, Odon IV.
In the 15th century, the château was transformed into a formidable fortress by John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny
In 1465, John's nephew, Louis of Luxembourg, built a huge donjon, 33m high, 33m in diameter with walls 11m thick[5]
In 1917, German forces blew up much of the château. All that remains are the entrance tower and vestiges of the donjon and ramparts.

Personalities[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Germany Eisfeld, Germany

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Ham, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ Ham, its castle and its prisoners, Charles Gomart, 1864, réédition "La Vague Verte" en 2000.

External links[edit]