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The Hammadid dynasty (green), c. 1100.
|Capital||Beni Hammad (until 1090)
Béjaïa (after 1090)
|Languages||Berber, Classical Arabic, Andalusi Romance|
|•||1008–1028||Hammad ibn Buluggin|
|•||1121–1152||Yahya ibn Abd al-Aziz|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Algeria|
The Hammadid dynasty was a Sanhaja Berber dynasty that ruled an area roughly corresponding to north-eastern modern Algeria for around a century and a half (1008–1152), until its realm was conquered by the Almohad Caliphate. Soon after coming to power, they rejected the Ismaili doctrine of the Fatimids, and returned to Maliki Sunnism, acknowledging the Abbasids as rightful Caliphs.
In 1014, Hammad ibn Buluggin, a Berber who had been placed as governor of the central Maghreb, declared himself independent from the Zirid dynasty. The kingdom at the time ruled most of the region from Morocco to Tunisia. Hammad obtained recognition from the Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad. The Zirids sent an army, but two years later a peace was signed, although the Zirid recognized the Hammadid legitimacy only in 1018.
Hammad founded a new capital in Qalaat Beni Hammad. With the Banu Hilal menace rising (spurred by the rival Fatimid caliphs of Egypt), they moved it to Béjaïa, which became one of the most prosperous cities in the medieval Mediterranean (1052).
- Hammad ibn Buluggin, 1014–1028
- Qaid ibn Hammad, 1028–1045
- Muhsin ibn Qaid, 1045–1046
- Buluggin ibn Muhammad, 1046–1062
- An-Nasir ibn Alnas, 1062–1088
- Al-Mansur ibn Nasir, 1088–1104
- Badis ibn Mansur, 1104
- Abd al-Aziz ibn Mansur, 1104–1121
- Yahya ibn Abd al-Aziz, 1121–1152
Bejaia capital of the Hamadids