Har Ki Pauri
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Har Ki Pauri (हर की पौड़ी) is a famous ghat on the banks of the Ganges in Haridwar in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. This revered place is the major landmark of the holy city of Haridwar. Literally, "Hari" means "God", "Ki" means "of" and "Pauri" means "steps". Lord Vishnu is believed to have visited the Brahmakund in Har Ki Pauri in the Vedic times.
It is believed that it is precise spot where the Ganges leaves the mountains and enters the plains. The ghat is on the west bank of Ganges canal through which the Ganges is diverted just to the north. Har Ki Pauri is also the area where thousands of pilgrims converge and the festivities commence during the Kumbha Mela (कुम्भ मेला), which takes place every twelve years, and the Ardh Kumbh Mela (अर्धकुम्भ मेला), which takes place every six years and the Punjabi festival of Vaisakhi, a harvest festival occurring every year in the month of April.
King Vikramaditya is said to have built it in 1st century BC in the memory of his brother, Bharthari who had come to meditate here on the bank of the Ganges. An area within Har Ki Pauri, where the evening Ganga Aarti takes places and which is considered most sacred is known as Brahmakund (ब्रह्म कुण्ड). It is considered to be the spot where the drops of Amrit fell over from the sky, while being carried in a pitcher by the celestial bird, Garuda after the Samudra Manthan. Every day, Har Ki Pauri ghat witnesses hundreds taking a dip in water of the Ganges. The place is considered very auspicious. Over the years the ghats have undergone major extension and renovation as the crowds increased in subsequent Kumbh Melas. Several temples have come up on the steps, most built in late 19th century.
The extension of the ghats took place in 1938 (done by Hargyan Singh Katara, a Zamindar from Agra in Uttar Pradesh), and then again in 1986.
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Each evening at sunset the priests perform over a hundred year old tradition – Ganga Aarti – where lights are set on the water to drift downstream. A large number of people gather on both banks of the Ganges river to sing praises. The priests hold large fire bowls in their hands, the gongs in the temples at the Ghat are rung and chants fill the air. People float earthen Diyas, with burning flickers and flowers in them as symbols of hopes and wishes. However, on some special cases, like on the occurrence of eclipses, the time of the Ganga Aarti is be altered accordingly.
Drying the Waters in the Ganga Canal
Every year generally on the night of Dussehra the waters in the Ganga Canal in Haridwar are partially dried to do the job of cleaning the riverbed and undertake the repairing of the ghats. The waters are generally restored on the night of Diwali. But the Ganga Aarti is held every day as usual. It is believed that Maa Ganga visits her paternal house on the day of Dussehra and returns on the day of Bhai Dooj or Bhai Phota. 
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View of the 'Evening Aarti' at Brahmakund, Har Ki Pauri.
- TheHaridwar The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 13, p. 52.
- "Har Ki Pauri".
- Shri Ganga Tithi Parva Nirnaya, Ganga Sabha, Haridwar , 2009, p 10-11.