|Population (2011 Census)|
Harku (German: Hark) is a small borough (Estonian: alevik) in Harku Parish, Harju County, northern Estonia. As of 2011 Census, the settlement's population was 868, of which the Estonians were 539 (62.1%).
Harku was first mentioned probably in 1242 as Harkua.
Harku manor (German: Hark) was founded in 1372 by the Teutonic Order. In 1583 it became a private property and was subsequently owned by several Baltic German families from the Baltic nobility. Following the Estonian Declaration of Independence, it was taken over by the state and used as a youth prison until the outbreak of World War II. Following the war the main building befell what is today known as the Estonian Agricultural University.
The main building that we see today dates from the 18th century and has been rebuilt several times. It received its present external look during a reconstruction in 1875.
- "Harku alevik" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Number and share of Estonians by place of residence (settlement)". Statistics Estonia. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- Sakk, Ivar (2004). Estonian Manors - A Travelogue. Tallinn: Sakk & Sakk OÜ. p. 24. ISBN 9949-10-117-4.
- Harku Parish (in Estonian)
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